MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
I PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
Trade Name: Nickel Oxide Chemical Family: Metal Oxide
Formula: NiO CAS #: 1313-99-1
Synonyms: Nickel monoxide, natural bunsenite, green nickel oxide, nickelous oxide, nickel (III) oxide.
II HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS
Hazardous Components % OSHA/PEL ACGIH/TLV Sec. 302 Sec. 304 Sec. 313
1 mg (Ni)/m3 1 mg (Ni)/m3
Nickel Oxide 0-100 No Yes 1 lb Yes
HMIS Ratings (0-4): Health: 3 Flammability: 0 Reactivity: 0
HMIS Protective Equipment: H: glasses, gloves, clothing, combo resp.
III PHYSICAL DATA
Boiling Point: N/E or N/A Melting Point:
Vapor Pressure: N/E Specific Gravity (H2O = 1): 6.57 gm/cc
Vapor Density: N/A Solubility in H2O: Insoluble
% Volatile: N/E or N/A Evaporation Rate: N/A
Appearance and Odor: Green-black powder, no odor; turns yellow when hot.
IV FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARD DATA
Flash Point: N/E or N/A Method Used: Non-flammable
Explosive Limits: Upper: N/A Lower: N/A Autoignition Temperature: N/E or N/A
Extinguishing Media: Use suitable extinguishing media for surrounding materials and type of fire.
Special Firefighting Procedures: Firefighters must wear full face, self-contained breathing apparatus with full protective clothing to
prevent contact with skin and eyes. Fumes from fire are hazardous. Isolate runoff to prevent environmental pollution.
Unusual Fire and Explosion Hazards: Nickel may emit toxic fumes if involved in a fire. May react violently with fluorine,
hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen sulfide, iodine, barium peroxide + air.
V HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION
Effects of Exposure:
Nickel is a confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic, neoplastigenic, tumorigenic and teratogenic data, and is a
poison by ingestion, intratracheal, intraperitoneal, subcutaneous and intravenous routes. An experimental teratogen. Ingestion of
soluble salts causes nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. Hypersensitivity to nickel is common and can cause allergic contact dermatitis,
pulmonary asthma, conjunctivitis and inflammatory reactions around nickel-containing medical implants and prosthesis. Cancer
develops in rodents after administration of Ni3S2, NiO or Ni (Co4). Pulmonary damage develops in rodents chronically exposed to
aerosols of nickel dust, NiO2 or NiO. (Sax, Dangerous Properties of Industrial Materials, eighth edition.)
Inhalation: May cause irritation to the upper respiratory tract, mucous membranes and nasal cavities. May cause pulmonary asthma
Ingestion: Nickel is poison by ingestion. Large doses may cause intestinal disorders, convulsions and asphyxia.
Skin: May cause irritation.
Eye: May cause irritation.
Inhalation: Prolonged or repeated inhalation may cause pneomitis.
Ingestion: May cause nickel toxicity.
Skin: May sensitize the skin (nickel itch). May cause allergic dermatitis, eczematous dermatitis and may be accompanied a week
later with superficial skin ulcers, which may discharge and become crusted.
Eye: May cause conjunctivitis.
Routes of Entry: Inhalation, ingestion, skin and eyes.
Target Organs: May affect the nasal cavities, respiratory system, lungs, blood and skin.
Medical Conditions Generally Aggravated by Exposure: Pre-existing respiratory disorders, pulmonary functions, asthma and skin
Carcinogenicity: NTP: Yes IARC: Yes OSHA: Yes
EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES:
INHALATION: Remove victim to fresh air, keep warm and quiet, give oxygen if breathing is difficult and seek medical attention.
INGESTION: Give 1-2 glasses of milk or water and induce vomiting, seek medical attention immediately. Never induce vomiting
or give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
SKIN: Remove contaminated clothing, brush material off skin, wash affected area with mild soap and water, seek medical attention if
EYE: Flush eyes with lukewarm water, lifting upper and lower eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention if symptoms
VI REACTIVITY DATA
Conditions to Avoid: None
Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid): Fluorine, hydrogen peroxide, hydrogen sulfide, iodine, barium peroxide + air.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Nickel and its oxides.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur.
VII SPILL OR LEAK PROCEDURES
Steps to Be Taken in Case Material is Released or Spilled: Wear appropriate respiratory and protective equipment specified in
section VIII. Isolate spill area and provide ventilation. Vacuum up spill using a high efficiency particulate absolute (HEPA) air filter
and place in a closed container for proper disposal. Take care not to raise dust.
Waste Disposal Method: Dispose of in accordance with Local, State and Federal regulations.
VIII SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION
Respiratory Protection (Specify Type): NIOSH approved dust-mist-vapor respirator.
Ventilation: Use local exhaust to maintain concentration at or below the PEL, TLV. Handle in a controlled environment when in
dust or powder form. General exhaust is not recommended.
Protective Gloves: Rubber gloves. Eye Protection: Safety glasses.
Other Protective Clothing or Equipment: Protective gear suitable to prevent contamination.
IX SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storage: Store in a tightly sealed container in a cool, dry area. Wash thoroughly after
Work/Hygienic/Maintenance Practices: Implement engineering and work practice controls to reduce and maintain concentration of
exposure at low levels. Use good housekeeping and sanitation practices. Do not use tobacco or food in work area. Wash thoroughly
before eating or smoking. Do not blow dust off clothing or skin with compressed air.
Some of the chemicals listed herein are research or experimental substances which may be toxic, as defined by various
governmental regulations. In accordance with Environmental Protection Agency regulations and the Toxic Substance Control Act
(TSCA), these materials should only be handled by, or under the direct supervision of , a 鈥渢echnically qualified individual鈥?, as defined
in 40 CFR 710.2(aa).
Issued by: S. Dierks
Dated: June 1994