MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET
I PRODUCT IDENTIFICATION
Trade Name: Nickel Oxide, Black Chemical Nature: Metal oxide
Synonym: Nickel (III) oxide, nickel oxide, nickel sesquioxide Formula: Ni2O3
CAS #: 01314-06-3
II HAZARDOUS INGREDIENTS
Hazardous Component % OSHA/PEL ACGIH/TLV
1 mg Ni/m3 0.05 mg Ni/m3
Nickel III Oxide 0-100
III PHYSICAL DATA
Boiling Point 760 mm Hg: N/A Melting Point: N/A
Vapor Density: N/A Specific Gravity: 4.84
Solubility in H2O: Negligible (less than 0.1%) % Volatiles: 0
Appearance and Odor: Grey-black powder, odorless. Vapor Pressure: Essentially 0
IV FIRE AND EXPLOSION HAZARDS DATA
Flash Point (Method Used): N/A Autoignition Temperature: N/A
Flammable Limits: Lower: N/A Upper: N/A
Extinguishing Media: If involved in fire do not use water or CO2. Use dry chemical extinguishing agents, dry sand or dry ground
Special Firefighting Procedure: No special firefighting procedures needed, use normal procedures which include wearing NIOSH/
MSHA approved self-contained breathing apparatus, flame and chemical resistant clothing; hats, boots, gloves. If without risk,
remove material from fire area.
V HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION
Effects of Over Exposure: NiO is an equivocal tumorigenic agent by RTECS criteria.
Inhalation: Powder or dust may cause irritation. Nickel metal is a pulmonary sensitizer.
Ingestion: Ingestion of nickel salts may cause vomiting, watery or bloody diarrhea, hemolysis, hematuria, anuria, jaundice, convul-
sions and collapse.
Skin: May cause 鈥渘ickel itch鈥?, a sensitization reaction causing itching, burning, erythema and eczema.
Eye: Powder or dust may cause irritation.
Inhalation: Studies show an increased incidence of cancer of the nasal cavity, lung and possibly larynx in nickel refinery workers.
Ingestion: None known.
Skin: None known.
Eye: None known.
Other: Nickel refining, nickel and certain nickel compounds are listed by NTP as 鈥渃ancer reasonably anticipated鈥? and by IARC as
鈥渓imited evidence of cancer to humans鈥?. Nickel (II) oxide is listed by IARC Cancer Review as 鈥渁nimal sufficient evidence鈥?. Nickel
(II) oxide has caused local sarcomas in laboratory animals when given intramuscularly.
Carcinogenicity: NTP: Yes IARC: Yes OSHA: Yes EPA: No
EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES:
INHALATION: Remove victim to fresh air, keep warm and quiet, give oxygen if breathing is difficult and seek medical attention.
INGESTION: Give 1-2 glasses of milk or water and induce vomiting, seek medical attention immediately. Never induce vomiting
or give anything by mouth to an unconscious person.
SKIN: Remove contaminated clothing, brush material off skin, wash affected area with mild soap and water, seek medical attention if
EYES: Immediately flush eyes, including under eyelids, with large amounts of water for at least 15 minutes. Call a physician.
VI REACTIVITY DATA
Conditions to Avoid: Thermal decomposition.
Incompatibility (Materials to Avoid): May react violently with fluorine, hydrogen peroxide, anilinium perchlorate, hydrogen
sulfide, iodine, and barium oxide + air.
Hazardous Decomposition Products: No data.
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur
VII SPILL OR LEAK PROCEDURES
Steps to Be Taken in Case Material Is Released or Spilled: Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective clothing.
Cover spill with dry sand or vermiculite. Mix well and carefully transfer to a container.
Waste Disposal Method: In accordance with Local, State and Federal waste disposal regulations.
VIII SPECIAL PROTECTION INFORMATION
Respiratory Protection (Specify Type): NIOSH/MSHA approved dust mask for ordinary use, self-contained breathing apparatus for
Ventilation: Laboratory fume hood.
Protective Gloves: Rubber Eye Protection: ANSI approved safety goggles.
Other Protective Equipment: Normal lab wear.
IX SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS
Precautions to Be Taken in Handling and Storage: Keep container tightly closed. Store in a cool, dry, well-ventilated area. Wash
thoroughly after handling.
Other Precautions: Lab coat and apron, flame and chemical resistant coveralls, eyewash capable of sustained flushing, safety drench
shower and hygienic facilities for washing.
Warning: May cause lung cancer.
This product contains nickel which is subject to the reporting requirements of section 313 of the Emergency Planning and Community
Right-to-Know Act of 1986 and 40 CFR 372.
Prepared by: S. Dierks
Dated: March 1996