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67-64-1 75-05-8 107-02-8 107-13-1 107-18-6 107-05-1 71-43-2 100-44-7 505-60-2 598-31-2 74-97-5 75-27-4 460-00-4 75-25-2 74-83-9 71-36-3 78-93-3 75-65-0 75-15-0 56-23-5 302-17-0 108-90-7 124-48-1 75-00-3 107-07-3 110-75-8 67-66-3 74-87-3 126-99-8 542-76-7 4170-30-3 96-12-8 106-93-4 74-95-3 95-50-1 541-73-1 106-46-7 1476-11-5 110-57-6 75-71-8 75-34-3 107-06-2 75-35-4 156-60-5 78-87-5 96-23-1 10061-01-5 10061-02-6 1464-53-5 60-29-7 540-36-3 123-91-1 106-89-8 64-17-5 141-78-6 100-41-4 75-21-8 97-63-2 462-06-6 87-68-3 67-72-1 591-78-6 78-97-7 74-88-4 78-83-1 98-82-8 109-77-3 126-98-7 67-56-1 75-09-2 80-62-6 108-10-1 91-20-3 98-95-3 79-46-9 924-16-3 123-63-7 76-01-7 107-87-9 109-06-8 71-23-8 67-63-0 107-19-7 57-57-8 107-12-0 107-10-8 110-86-1 100-42-5 630-20-6 79-34-5 127-18-4 108-88-3 2037-26-5 95-53-4 120-82-1 71-55-6 79-00-5 79-01-6 75-69-4 96-18-4 108-05-4 75-01-4 95-47-6 108-38-3 106-42-3

File Name: 67-64-1_75-05-8_107-02-8_107-13-1_107-18-6_107-05-1_71-43.asp

                                METHOD 8260B
VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY/
MASS SPECTROMETRY (GC/MS)


1.0 SCOPE AND APPLICATION

1.1 Method 8260 is used to determine volatile organic compounds in a variety of solid waste
matrices. This method is applicable to nearly all types of samples, regardless of water content,
including various air sampling trapping media, ground and surface water, aqueous sludges, caustic
liquors, acid liquors, waste solvents, oily wastes, mousses, tars, fibrous wastes, polymeric
emulsions, filter cakes, spent carbons, spent catalysts, soils, and sediments. The following
compounds can be determined by this method:


Appropriate Preparation Techniquea
5030/ Direct
CAS No.b
Compound 5035 5031 5032 5021 5041 Inject.

Acetone 67-64-1 pp c c nd c c
Acetonitrile 75-05-8 pp c nd nd nd c
Acrolein (Propenal) 107-02-8 pp c c nd nd c
Acrylonitrile 107-13-1 pp c c nd c c
Allyl alcohol 107-18-6 ht c nd nd nd c
Allyl chloride 107-05-1 c nd nd nd nd c
Benzene 71-43-2 c nd c c c c
Benzyl chloride 100-44-7 c nd nd nd nd c
Bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide 505-60-2 pp nd nd nd nd c
Bromoacetone 598-31-2 pp nd nd nd nd c
Bromochloromethane 74-97-5 c nd c c c c
Bromodichloromethane 75-27-4 c nd c c c c
4-Bromofluorobenzene (surr) 460-00-4 c nd c c c c
Bromoform 75-25-2 c nd c c c c
Bromomethane 74-83-9 c nd c c c c
n-Butanol 71-36-3 ht c nd nd nd c
2-Butanone (MEK) 78-93-3 pp c c nd nd c
t-Butyl alcohol 75-65-0 pp c nd nd nd c
Carbon disulfide 75-15-0 pp nd c nd c c
Carbon tetrachloride 56-23-5 c nd c c c c
Chloral hydrate 302-17-0 pp nd nd nd nd c
Chlorobenzene 108-90-7 c nd c c c c
Chlorobenzene-d5 (IS) c nd c c c c
Chlorodibromomethane 124-48-1 c nd c nd c c
Chloroethane 75-00-3 c nd c c c c
2-Chloroethanol 107-07-3 pp nd nd nd nd c
2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether 110-75-8 c nd c nd nd c
Chloroform 67-66-3 c nd c c c c
Chloromethane 74-87-3 c nd c c c c
Chloroprene 126-99-8 c nd nd nd nd c
3-Chloropropionitrile 542-76-7 I nd nd nd nd pc

(continued)

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December 1996
Appropriate Preparation Techniquea
5030/ Direct
CAS No.b
Compound 5035 5031 5032 5021 5041 Inject.

Crotonaldehyde 4170-30-3 pp c nd nd nd c
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane 96-12-8 pp nd nd c nd c
1,2-Dibromoethane 106-93-4 c nd nd c nd c
Dibromomethane 74-95-3 c nd c c c c
1,2-Dichlorobenzene 95-50-1 c nd nd c nd c
1,3-Dichlorobenzene 541-73-1 c nd nd c nd c
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 106-46-7 c nd nd c nd c
1,4-Dichlorobenzene-d4 (IS) c nd nd c nd c
cis-1,4-Dichloro-2-butene 1476-11-5 c nd c nd nd c
trans-1,4-Dichloro-2-butene 110-57-6 pp nd c nd nd c
Dichlorodifluoromethane 75-71-8 c nd c c nd c
1,1-Dichloroethane 75-34-3 c nd c c c c
1,2-Dichloroethane 107-06-2 c nd c c c c
1,2-Dichloroethane-d4 (surr) c nd c c c c
1,1-Dichloroethene 75-35-4 c nd c c c c
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 156-60-5 c nd c c c c
1,2-Dichloropropane 78-87-5 c nd c c c c
1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol 96-23-1 pp nd nd nd nd c
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 10061-01-5 c nd c nd c c
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 10061-02-6 c nd c nd c c
1,2,3,4-Diepoxybutane 1464-53-5 c nd nd nd nd c
Diethyl ether 60-29-7 c nd nd nd nd c
1,4-Difluorobenzene (IS) 540-36-3 nd nd nd nd c nd
1,4-Dioxane 123-91-1 pp c c nd nd c
Epichlorohydrin 106-89-8 I nd nd nd nd c
Ethanol 64-17-5 I c c nd nd c
Ethyl acetate 141-78-6 I c nd nd nd c
Ethylbenzene 100-41-4 c nd c c c c
Ethylene oxide 75-21-8 pp c nd nd nd c
Ethyl methacrylate 97-63-2 c nd c nd nd c
Fluorobenzene (IS) 462-06-6 c nd nd nd nd nd
Hexachlorobutadiene 87-68-3 c nd nd c nd c
Hexachloroethane 67-72-1 I nd nd nd nd c
2-Hexanone 591-78-6 pp nd c nd nd c
2-Hydroxypropionitrile 78-97-7 I nd nd nd nd pc
Iodomethane 74-88-4 c nd c nd c c
Isobutyl alcohol 78-83-1 pp c nd nd nd c
Isopropylbenzene 98-82-8 c nd nd c nd c
Malononitrile 109-77-3 pp nd nd nd nd c
Methacrylonitrile 126-98-7 pp I nd nd nd c
Methanol 67-56-1 I c nd nd nd c
Methylene chloride 75-09-2 c nd c c c c
Methyl methacrylate 80-62-6 c nd nd nd nd c
4-Methyl-2-pentanone (MIBK) 108-10-1 pp c c nd nd c
Naphthalene 91-20-3 c nd nd c nd c

(continued)


CD-ROM 8260B - 2 Revision 2
December 1996
Appropriate Preparation Techniquea
5030/ Direct
CAS No.b
Compound 5035 5031 5032 5021 5041 Inject.

Nitrobenzene 98-95-3 c nd nd nd nd c
2-Nitropropane 79-46-9 c nd nd nd nd c
N-Nitroso-di-n-butylamine 924-16-3 pp c nd nd nd c
Paraldehyde 123-63-7 pp c nd nd nd c
Pentachloroethane 76-01-7 I nd nd nd nd c
2-Pentanone 107-87-9 pp c nd nd nd c
2-Picoline 109-06-8 pp c nd nd nd c
1-Propanol 71-23-8 pp c nd nd nd c
2-Propanol 67-63-0 pp c nd nd nd c
Propargyl alcohol 107-19-7 pp I nd nd nd c
$-Propiolactone 57-57-8 pp nd nd nd nd c
Propionitrile (ethyl cyanide) 107-12-0 ht c nd nd nd pc
n-Propylamine 107-10-8 c nd nd nd nd c
Pyridine 110-86-1 I c nd nd nd c
Styrene 100-42-5 c nd c c c c
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane 630-20-6 c nd nd c c c
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 79-34-5 c nd c c c c
Tetrachloroethene 127-18-4 c nd c c c c
Toluene 108-88-3 c nd c c c c
Toluene-d8 (surr) 2037-26-5 c nd c c c c
o-Toluidine 95-53-4 pp c nd nd nd c
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 120-82-1 c nd nd c nd c
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 71-55-6 c nd c c c c
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 79-00-5 c nd c c c c
Trichloroethene 79-01-6 c nd c c c c
Trichlorofluoromethane 75-69-4 c nd c c c c
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 96-18-4 c nd c c c c
Vinyl acetate 108-05-4 c nd c nd nd c
Vinyl chloride 75-01-4 c nd c c c c
o-Xylene 95-47-6 c nd c c c c
m-Xylene 108-38-3 c nd c c c c
p-Xylene 106-42-3 c nd c c c c


a
See Sec. 1.2 for other appropriate sample preparation techniques
b
Chemical Abstract Service Registry Number

c = Adequate response by this technique
ht = Method analyte only when purged at 80EC
nd = Not determined
I = Inappropriate technique for this analyte
pc = Poor chromatographic behavior
pp = Poor purging efficiency resulting in high Estimated Quantitation Limits
surr = Surrogate
IS = Internal Standard




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1.2 There are various techniques by which these compounds may be introduced into the
GC/MS system. The more common techniques are listed in the table above. Purge-and-trap, by
Methods 5030 (aqueous samples) and 5035 (solid and waste oil samples), is the most commonly
used technique for volatile organic analytes. However, other techniques are also appropriate and
necessary for some analytes. These include direct injection following dilution with hexadecane
(Method 3585) for waste oil samples; automated static headspace by Method 5021 for solid
samples; direct injection of an aqueous sample (concentration permitting) or injection of a sample
concentrated by azeotropic distillation (Method 5031); and closed system vacuum distillation (Method
5032) for aqueous, solid, oil and tissue samples. For air samples, Method 5041 provides
methodology for desorbing volatile organics from trapping media (Methods 0010, 0030, and 0031).
In addition, direct analysis utilizing a sample loop is used for sub-sampling from Tedlar?bags
(Method 0040). Method 5000 provides more general information on the selection of the appropriate
introduction method.

1.3 Method 8260 can be used to quantitate most volatile organic compounds that have
boiling points below 200EC. Volatile, water soluble compounds can be included in this analytical
technique by the use of azeotropic distillation or closed-system vacuum distillation. Such
compounds include low molecular weight halogenated hydrocarbons, aromatics, ketones, nitriles,
acetates, acrylates, ethers, and sulfides. See Tables 1 and 2 for analytes and retention times that
have been evaluated on a purge-and-trap GC/MS system. Also, the method detection limits for 25-
mL sample volumes are presented. The following compounds are also amenable to analysis by
Method 8260:

Bromobenzene 1,3-Dichloropropane
n-Butylbenzene 2,2-Dichloropropane
sec-Butylbenzene 1,1-Dichloropropene
tert-Butylbenzene p-Isopropyltoluene
Chloroacetonitrile Methyl acrylate
1-Chlorobutane Methyl-t-butyl ether
1-Chlorohexane Pentafluorobenzene
2-Chlorotoluene n-Propylbenzene
4-Chlorotoluene 1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene
Dibromofluoromethane 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene

1.4 The estimated quantitation limit (EQL) of Method 8260 for an individual compound is
somewhat instrument dependent and also dependent on the choice of sample
preparation/introduction method. Using standard quadrapole instrumentation and the purge-and-trap
technique, limits should be approximately 5 礸/kg (wet weight) for soil/sediment samples, 0.5 mg/kg
(wet weight) for wastes, and 5 礸/L for ground water (see Table 3). Somewhat lower limits may be
achieved using an ion trap mass spectrometer or other instrumentation of improved design. No
matter which instrument is used, EQLs will be proportionately higher for sample extracts and
samples that require dilution or when a reduced sample size is used to avoid saturation of the
detector.

1.5 This method is restricted to use by, or under the supervision of, analysts experienced in
the use of gas chromatograph/mass spectrometers, and skilled in the interpretation of mass spectra
and their use as a quantitative tool.




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2.0 SUMMARY OF METHOD

2.1 The volatile compounds are introduced into the gas chromatograph by the purge-and-trap
method or by other methods (see Sec. 1.2). The analytes are introduced directly to a wide-bore
capillary column or cryofocussed on a capillary pre-column before being flash evaporated to a
narrow-bore capillary for analysis. The column is temperature-programmed to separate the analytes,
which are then detected with a mass spectrometer (MS) interfaced to the gas chromatograph (GC).

2.2 Analytes eluted from the capillary column are introduced into the mass spectrometer via
a jet separator or a direct connection. (Wide-bore capillary columns normally require a jet separator,
whereas narrow-bore capillary columns may be directly interfaced to the ion source). Identification
of target analytes is accomplished by comparing their mass spectra with the electron impact (or
electron impact-like) spectra of authentic standards. Quantitation is accomplished by comparing the
response of a major (quantitation) ion relative to an internal standard using a five-point calibration
curve.

2.3 The method includes specific calibration and quality control steps that supersede the
general requirements provided in Method 8000.


3.0 INTERFERENCES

3.1 Major contaminant sources are volatile materials in the laboratory and impurities in the
inert purging gas and in the sorbent trap. The use of non-polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) thread
sealants, plastic tubing, or flow controllers with rubber components should be avoided, since such
materials out-gas organic compounds which will be concentrated in the trap during the purge
operation. Analyses of calibration and reagent blanks provide information about the presence of
contaminants. When potential interfering peaks are noted in blanks, the analyst should change the
purge gas source and regenerate the molecular sieve purge gas filter. Subtracting blank values from
sample results is not permitted. If reporting values without correcting for the blank results in what
the laboratory feels is a false positive result for a sample, the laboratory should fully explained this
in text accompanying the uncorrected data.

3.2 Contamination may occur when a sample containing low concentrations of volatile
organic compounds is analyzed immediately after a sample containing high concentrations of volatile
organic compounds. A technique to prevent this problem is to rinse the purging apparatus and
sample syringes with two portions of organic-free reagent water between samples. After the analysis
of a sample containing high concentrations of volatile organic compounds, one or more blanks
should be analyzed to check for cross-contamination. Alternatively, if the sample immediately
following the high concentration sample does not contain the volatile organic compounds present
in the high level sample, freedom from contamination has been established.

3.3 For samples containing large amounts of water-soluble materials, suspended solids, high
boiling compounds, or high concentrations of compounds being determined, it may be necessary to
wash the purging device with a soap solution, rinse it with organic-free reagent water, and then dry
the purging device in an oven at 105EC. In extreme situations, the entire purge-and-trap device may
require dismantling and cleaning. Screening of the samples prior to purge-and-trap GC/MS analysis
is highly recommended to prevent contamination of the system. This is especially true for soil and
waste samples. Screening may be accomplished with an automated headspace technique (Method
5021) or by Method 3820 (Hexadecane Extraction and Screening of Purgeable Organics).




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3.4 Many analytes exhibit low purging efficiencies from a 25-mL sample. This often results
in significant amounts of these analytes remaining in the sample purge vessel after analysis. After
removal of the sample aliquot that was purged, and rinsing the purge vessel three times with
organic-free water, the empty vessel should be subjected to a heated purge cycle prior to the
analysis of another sample in the same purge vessel. This will reduce sample-to-sample carryover.

3.5 Special precautions must be taken to analyze for methylene chloride. The analytical and
sample storage area should be isolated from all atmospheric sources of methylene chloride.
Otherwise, random background levels will result. Since methylene chloride will permeate through
PTFE tubing, all gas chromatography carrier gas lines and purge gas plumbing should be
constructed from stainless steel or copper tubing. Laboratory clothing worn by the analyst should
be clean, since clothing previously exposed to methylene chloride fumes during liquid/liquid
extraction procedures can contribute to sample contamination.

3.6 Samples can be contaminated by diffusion of volatile organics (particularly methylene
chloride and fluorocarbons) through the septum seal of the sample container into the sample during
shipment and storage. A trip blank prepared from organic-free reagent water and carried through
the sampling, handling, and storage protocols can serve as a check on such contamination.

3.7 Use of sensitive mass spectrometers to achieve lower detection level will increase the
potential to detect laboratory contaminants as interferences.

3.8 Direct injection - Some contamination may be eliminated by baking out the column
between analyses. Changing the injector liner will reduce the potential for cross-contamination. A
portion of the analytical column may need to be removed in the case of extreme contamination. The
use of direct injection will result in the need for more frequent instrument maintenance.

3.9 If hexadecane is added to waste samples or petroleum samples that are analyzed, some
chromatographic peaks will elute after the target analytes. The oven temperature program must
include a post-analysis bake out period to ensure that semivolatile hydrocarbons are volatilized.


4.0 APPARATUS AND MATERIALS

4.1 Purge-and-trap device for aqueous samples - Described in Method 5030.

4.2 Purge-and-trap device for solid samples - Described in Method 5035.

4.3 Automated static headspace device for solid samples - Described in Method 5021.

4.4 Azeotropic distillation apparatus for aqueous and solid samples - Described in Method
5031.

4.5 Vacuum distillation apparatus for aqueous, solid and tissue samples - Described in
Method 5032.

4.6 Desorption device for air trapping media for air samples - Described in Method 5041.

4.7 Air sampling loop for sampling from Tedlar?bags for air samples - Described in Method
0040.




CD-ROM 8260B - 6 Revision 2
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4.8 Injection port liners (HP Catalog #18740-80200, or equivalent) - modified for direct
injection analysis by placing a 1-cm plug of glass wool approximately 50-60 mm down the length of
the injection port towards the oven (see illustration below). A 0.53-mm ID column is mounted 1 cm
into the liner from the oven side of the injection port, according to manufacturer's specifications.

4.9 Gas chromatography/mass spectrometer/data system

4.9.1 Gas chromatograph - An analytical system complete with a
temperature-programmable gas chromatograph suitable for splitless injection with appropriate
interface for sample introduction device. The system includes all required accessories,
including syringes, analytical columns, and gases.

4.9.1.1 The GC should be equipped with variable constant differential flow
controllers so that the column flow rate will remain constant throughout desorption and
temperature program operation.

4.9.1.2 For some column configurations, the column oven must be cooled to
less than 30EC, therefore, a subambient oven controller may be necessary.

4.9.1.3 The capillary column is either directly coupled to the source or interfaced
through a jet separator, depending on the size of the capillary and the requirements of
the GC/MS system.

4.9.1.4 Capillary pre-column interface - This device is the interface between the
sample introduction device and the capillary gas chromatograph, and is necessary when
using cryogenic cooling. The interface condenses the desorbed sample components and
focuses them into a narrow band on an uncoated fused-silica capillary pre-column.
When the interface is flash heated, the sample is transferred to the analytical capillary
column.

4.9.1.5 During the cryofocussing step, the temperature of the fused-silica in the
interface is maintained at -150EC under a stream of liquid nitrogen. After the desorption
period, the interface must be capable of rapid heating to 250EC in 15 seconds or less to
complete the transfer of analytes.

4.9.2 Gas chromatographic columns

4.9.2.1 Column 1 - 60 m x 0.75 mm ID capillary column coated with VOCOL
(Supelco), 1.5-祄 film thickness, or equivalent.

4.9.2.2 Column 2 - 30 - 75 m x 0.53 mm ID capillary column coated with DB-624
(J&W Scientific), Rtx-502.2 (RESTEK), or VOCOL (Supelco), 3-祄 film thickness, or
equivalent.

4.9.2.3 Column 3 - 30 m x 0.25 - 0.32 mm ID capillary column coated with 95%
dimethyl - 5% diphenyl polysiloxane (DB-5, Rtx-5, SPB-5, or equivalent), 1-祄 film
thickness.

4.9.2.4 Column 4 - 60 m x 0.32 mm ID capillary column coated with DB-624
(J&W Scientific), 1.8-祄 film thickness, or equivalent.




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December 1996
4.9.3 Mass spectrometer - Capable of scanning from 35 to 300 amu every 2 sec or
less, using 70 volts (nominal) electron energy in the electron impact ionization mode. The
mass spectrometer must be capable of producing a mass spectrum for 4-Bromofluorobenzene
(BFB) which meets all of the criteria in Table 4 when 5-50 ng of the GC/MS tuning standard
(BFB) are injected through the GC. To ensure sufficient precision of mass spectral data, the
desirable MS scan rate allows acquisition of at least five spectra while a sample component
elutes from the GC.

An ion trap mass spectrometer may be used if it is capable of axial modulation to reduce
ion-molecule reactions and can produce electron impact-like spectra that match those in the
EPA/NIST Library. Because ion-molecule reactions with water and methanol in an ion trap
mass spectrometer may produce interferences that coelute with chloromethane and
chloroethane, the base peak for both of these analytes will be at m/z 49. This ion should be
used as the quantitation ion in this case. The mass spectrometer must be capable of
producing a mass spectrum for BFB which meets all of the criteria in Table 3 when 5 or 50 ng
are introduced.

4.9.4 GC/MS interface - Two alternatives may be used to interface the GC to the mass
spectrometer.

4.9.4.1 Direct coupling, by inserting the column into the mass spectrometer, is
generally used for 0.25 - 0.32 mm ID columns.

4.9.4.2 A jet separator, including an all-glass transfer line and glass enrichment
device or split interface, is used with a 0.53 mm column.

4.9.4.3 Any enrichment device or transfer line may be used, if all of the
performance specifications described in Sec. 8.0 (including acceptable calibration at 50
ng or less) can be achieved. GC/MS interfaces constructed entirely of glass or of
glass-lined materials are recommended. Glass may be deactivated by silanizing with
dichlorodimethylsilane.

4.9.5 Data system - A computer system that allows the continuous acquisition and
storage on machine-readable media of all mass spectra obtained throughout the duration of
the chromatographic program must be interfaced to the mass spectrometer. The computer
must have software that allows searching any GC/MS data file for ions of a specified mass and
plotting such ion abundances versus time or scan number. This type of plot is defined as an
Extracted Ion Current Profile (EICP). Software must also be available that allows integrating
the abundances in any EICP between specified time or scan-number limits. The most recent
version of the EPA/NIST Mass Spectral Library should also be available.

4.10 Microsyringes - 10-, 25-, 100-, 250-, 500-, and 1,000-礚.

4.11 Syringe valve - Two-way, with Luer ends (three each), if applicable to the purging device.

4.12 Syringes - 5-, 10-, or 25-mL, gas-tight with shutoff valve.

4.13 Balance - Analytical, capable of weighing 0.0001 g, and top-loading, capable of weighing
0.1 g.

4.14 Glass scintillation vials - 20-mL, with PTFE-lined screw-caps or glass culture tubes with
PTFE-lined screw-caps.


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4.15 Vials - 2-mL, for GC autosampler.

4.16 Disposable pipets - Pasteur.

4.17 Volumetric flasks, Class A - 10-mL and 100-mL, with ground-glass stoppers.

4.18 Spatula - Stainless steel.


5.0 REAGENTS

5.1 Reagent grade inorganic chemicals shall be used in all tests. Unless otherwise indicated,
it is intended that all inorganic reagents shall conform to the specifications of the Committee on
Analytical Reagents of the American Chemical Society, where such specifications are available.
Other grades may be used, provided it is first ascertained that the reagent is of sufficiently high purity
to permit its use without lessening the accuracy of the determination.

5.2 Organic-free reagent water - All references to water in this method refer to organic-free
reagent water, as defined in Chapter One.

5.3 Methanol, CH3OH - Pesticide quality or equivalent, demonstrated to be free of analytes.
Store apart from other solvents.

5.4 Reagent Hexadecane - Reagent hexadecane is defined as hexadecane in which
interference is not observed at the method detection limit of compounds of interest. Hexadecane
quality is demonstrated through the analysis of a solvent blank injected directly into the GC/MS. The
results of such a blank analysis must demonstrate that all interfering volatiles have been removed
from the hexadecane.

5.5 Polyethylene glycol, H(OCH2CH2)nOH - Free of interferences at the detection limit of the
target analytes.

5.6 Hydrochloric acid (1:1 v/v), HCl - Carefully add a measured volume of concentrated HCl
to an equal volume of organic-free reagent water.

5.7 Stock solutions - Stock solutions may be prepared from pure standard materials or
purchased as certified solutions. Prepare stock standard solutions in methanol, using assayed
liquids or gases, as appropriate.

5.7.1 Place about 9.8 mL of methanol in a 10-mL tared ground-glass-stoppered
volumetric flask. Allow the flask to stand, unstoppered, for about 10 minutes or until all
alcohol-wetted surfaces have dried. Weigh the flask to the nearest 0.0001 g.

5.7.2 Add the assayed reference material, as described below.

5.7.2.1 Liquids - Using a 100-礚 syringe, immediately add two or more drops
of assayed reference material to the flask; then reweigh. The liquid must fall directly into
the alcohol without contacting the neck of the flask.

5.7.2.2 Gases - To prepare standards for any compounds that boil below 30EC
(e.g., bromomethane, chloroethane, chloromethane, or vinyl chloride), fill a 5-mL valved
gas-tight syringe with the reference standard to the 5.0 mL mark. Lower the needle to


CD-ROM 8260B - 9 Revision 2
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5 mm above the methanol meniscus. Slowly introduce the reference standard above the
surface of the liquid. The heavy gas will rapidly dissolve in the methanol. Standards may
also be prepared by using a lecture bottle equipped with a septum. Attach PTFE tubing
to the side arm relief valve and direct a gentle stream of gas into the methanol meniscus.

5.7.3 Reweigh, dilute to volume, stopper, and then mix by inverting the flask several
times. Calculate the concentration in milligrams per liter (mg/L) from the net gain in weight.
When compound purity is assayed to be 96% or greater, the weight may be used without
correction to calculate the concentration of the stock standard. Commercially-prepared stock
standards may be used at any concentration if they are certified by the manufacturer or by an
independent source.

5.7.4 Transfer the stock standard solution into a bottle with a PTFE-lined screw-cap.
Store, with minimal headspace and protected from light, at -10EC or less or as recommended
by the standard manufacturer. Standards should be returned to the freezer as soon as the
analyst has completed mixing or diluting the standards to prevent the evaporation of volatile
target compounds.

5.7.5 Frequency of Standard Preparation

5.7.5.1 Standards for the permanent gases should be monitored frequently by
comparison to the initial calibration curve. Fresh standards should be prepared if this
check exceeds a 20% drift. Standards for gases usually need to be replaced after one
week or as recommended by the standard manufacturer, unless the acceptability of the
standard can be documented. Dichlorodifluoromethane and dichloromethane will usually
be the first compounds to evaporate from the standard and should, therefore, be
monitored very closely when standards are held beyond one week.

5.7.5.2 Standards for the non-gases should be monitored frequently by
comparison to the initial calibration. Fresh standards should be prepared if this check
exceeds a 20% drift. Standards for non-gases usually need to be replaced after six
months or as recommended by the standard manufacturer, unless the acceptability of
the standard can be documented. Standards of reactive compounds such as
2-chloroethyl vinyl ether and styrene may need to be prepared more frequently.

5.7.6 Preparation of Calibration Standards From a Gas Mixture

An optional calibration procedure involves using a certified gaseous mixture daily, utilizing
a commercially-available gaseous analyte mixture of bromomethane, chloromethane,
chloroethane, vinyl chloride, dichloro-difluoromethane and trichlorofluoromethane in nitrogen.
Mixtures of documented quality are stable for as long as six months without refrigeration.
(VOA-CYL III, RESTEK Corporation, Cat. #20194 or equivalent).

5.7.6.1 Before removing the cylinder shipping cap, be sure the valve is
completely closed (turn clockwise). The contents are under pressure and should be used
in a well-ventilated area.

5.7.6.2 Wrap the pipe thread end of the Luer fitting with PTFE tape. Remove
the shipping cap from the cylinder and replace it with the Luer fitting.

5.7.6.3 Transfer half the working standard containing other analytes, internal
standards, and surrogates to the purge apparatus.


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5.7.6.4 Purge the Luer fitting and stem on the gas cylinder prior to sample
removal using the following sequence:

a) Connect either the 100-礚 or 500-礚 Luer syringe to the inlet fitting
of the cylinder.

b) Make sure the on/off valve on the syringe is in the open position.

c) Slowly open the valve on the cylinder and withdraw a full syringe
volume.

d) Be sure to close the valve on the cylinder before you withdraw the
syringe from the Luer fitting.

e) Expel the gas from the syringe into a well-ventilated area.

f) Repeat steps a through e one more time to fully purge the fitting.

5.7.6.5 Once the fitting and stem have been purged, quickly withdraw the
volume of gas you require using steps 5.6.6.1.4(a) through (d). Be sure to close the
valve on the cylinder and syringe before you withdraw the syringe from the Luer fitting.

5.7.6.6 Open the syringe on/off valve for 5 seconds to reduce the syringe
pressure to atmospheric pressure. The pressure in the cylinder is ~30 psi.

5.7.6.7 The gas mixture should be quickly transferred into the reagent water
through the female Luer fitting located above the purging vessel.

NOTE: Make sure the arrow on the 4-way valve is pointing toward the female
Luer fitting when transferring the sample from the syringe. Be sure to
switch the 4-way valve back to the closed position before removing the
syringe from the Luer fitting.

5.7.6.8 Transfer the remaining half of the working standard into the purging
vessel. This procedure insures that the total volume of gas mix is flushed into the
purging vessel, with none remaining in the valve or lines.

5.7.6.9 The concentration of each compound in the cylinder is typically 0.0025
礸/礚.

5.7.6.10 The following are the recommended gas volumes spiked into 5 mL of
water to produce a typical 5-point calibration:

Gas Volume Calibration Concentration

40 礚 20 礸/L
100 礚 50 礸/L
200 礚 100 礸/L
300 礚 150 礸/L
400 礚 200 礸/L




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5.7.6.11 The following are the recommended gas volumes spiked into 25 mL of
water to produce a typical 5-point calibration:

Gas Volume Calibration Concentration

10 礚 1 礸/L
20 礚 2 礸/L
50 礚 5 礸/L
100 礚 10 礸/L
250 礚 25 礸/L

5.8 Secondary dilution standards - Using stock standard solutions, prepare secondary dilution
standards in methanol containing the compounds of interest, either singly or mixed together.
Secondary dilution standards must be stored with minimal headspace and should be checked
frequently for signs of degradation or evaporation, especially just prior to preparing calibration
standards from them. Store in a vial with no headspace. Replace after one week. Secondary
standards for gases should be replaced after one week unless the acceptability of the standard can
be documented. When using premixed certified solutions, store according to the manufacturer's
documented holding time and storage temperature recommendations. The analyst should also
handle and store standards as stated in Sec. 5.7.4 and return them to the freezer as soon as
standard mixing or diluting is completed to prevent the evaporation of volatile target compounds.

5.9 Surrogate standards - The recommended surrogates are toluene-d8,
4-bromofluorobenzene, 1,2-dichloroethane-d4, and dibromofluoromethane. Other compounds may
be used as surrogates, depending upon the analysis requirements. A stock surrogate solution in
methanol should be prepared as described above, and a surrogate standard spiking solution should
be prepared from the stock at a concentration of 50-250 礸/10 mL, in methanol. Each sample
undergoing GC/MS analysis must be spiked with 10 礚 of the surrogate spiking solution prior to
analysis. If a more sensitive mass spectrometer is employed to achieve lower detection levels, then
more dilute surrogate solutions may be required.

5.10 Internal standards - The recommended internal standards are fluorobenzene,
chlorobenzene-d5, and 1,4-dichlorobenzene-d4. Other compounds may be used as internal
standards as long as they have retention times similar to the compounds being detected by GC/MS.
Prepare internal standard stock and secondary dilution standards in methanol using the procedures
described in Secs. 5.7 and 5.8. It is recommended that the secondary dilution standard be prepared
at a concentration of 25 mg/L of each internal standard compound. Addition of 10 礚 of this
standard to 5.0 mL of sample or calibration standard would be the equivalent of 50 礸/L. If a more
sensitive mass spectrometer is employed to achieve lower detection levels, then more dilute internal
standard solutions may be required. Area counts of the internal standard peaks should be between
50-200% of the areas of the target analytes in the mid-point calibration analysis.

5.11 4-Bromofluorobenzene (BFB) standard - A standard solution containing 25 ng/礚 of BFB
in methanol should be prepared. If a more sensitive mass spectrometer is employed to achieve
lower detection levels, then a more dilute BFB standard solution may be required.

5.12 Calibration standards -There are two types of calibration standards used for this method:
initial calibration standards and calibration verification standards. When using premixed certified
solutions, store according to the manufacturer's documented holding time and storage temperature
recommendations.




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5.12.1 Initial calibration standards should be prepared at a minimum of five different
concentrations from the secondary dilution of stock standards (see Secs. 5.7 and 5.8) or from
a premixed certified solution. Prepare these solutions in organic-free reagent water. At least
one of the calibration standards should correspond to a sample concentration at or below that
necessary to meet the data quality objectives of the project. The remaining standards should
correspond to the range of concentrations found in typical samples but should not exceed the
working range of the GC/MS system. Initial calibration standards should be mixed from fresh
stock standards and dilution standards when generating an initial calibration curve.

5.12.2 Calibration verification standards should be prepared at a concentration near the
mid-point of the initial calibration range from the secondary dilution of stock standards (see
Secs. 5.7 and 5.8) or from a premixed certified solution. Prepare these solutions in
organic-free reagent water. See Sec. 7.4 for guidance on calibration verification.

5.12.3 It is the intent of EPA that all target analytes for a particular analysis be included
in the initial calibration and calibration verification standard(s). These target analytes may not
include the entire list of analytes (Sec. 1.1) for which the method has been demonstrated.
However, the laboratory shall not report a quantitative result for a target analyte that was not
included in the calibration standard(s).

5.12.4 The calibration standards must also contain the internal standards chosen for the
analysis.

5.13 Matrix spiking and laboratory control sample (LCS) standards - Matrix spiking standards
should be prepared from volatile organic compounds which are representative of the compounds
being investigated. At a minimum, the matrix spike should include 1,1-dichloroethene,
trichloroethene, chlorobenzene, toluene, and benzene. The matrix spiking solution should contain
compounds that are expected to be found in the types of samples to be analyzed.

5.13.1 Some permits may require the spiking of specific compounds of interest,
especially if polar compounds are a concern, since the spiking compounds listed above would
not be representative of such compounds. The standard should be prepared in methanol, with
each compound present at a concentration of 250 礸/10.0 mL.

5.13.2 The spiking solutions should not be prepared from the same standards as the
calibration standards. However, the same spiking standard prepared for the matrix spike may
be used for the LCS.

5.13.3 If a more sensitive mass spectrometer is employed to achieve lower detection
levels, more dilute matrix spiking solutions may be required.

5.14 Great care must be taken to maintain the integrity of all standard solutions. It is
recommended all standards in methanol be stored at -10EC or less, in amber bottles with PTFE-lined
screw-caps.


6.0 SAMPLE COLLECTION, PRESERVATION, AND HANDLING

See the introductory material to this chapter, Organic Analytes, Sec. 4.1.




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7.0 PROCEDURE

7.1 Various alternative methods are provided for sample introduction. All internal standards,
surrogates, and matrix spiking compounds (when applicable) must be added to the samples before
introduction into the GC/MS system. Consult the sample introduction method for the procedures by
which to add such standards.

7.1.1 Direct injection - This includes: injection of an aqueous sample containing a very
high concentration of analytes; injection of aqueous concentrates from Method 5031
(azeotropic distillation); and injection of a waste oil diluted 1:1 with hexadecane (Method 3585).
Direct injection of aqueous samples (non-concentrated) has very limited applications. It is only
used for the determination of volatiles at the toxicity characteristic (TC) regulatory limits or at
concentrations in excess of 10,000 礸/L. It may also be used in conjunction with the test for
ignitability in aqueous samples (along with Methods 1010 and 1020), to determine if alcohol
is present at greater than 24%.

7.1.2 Purge-and-trap - This includes purge-and-trap for aqueous samples (Method
5030) and purge-and-trap for solid samples (Method 5035). Method 5035 also provides
techniques for extraction of high concentration solid and oily waste samples by methanol (and
other water-miscible solvents) with subsequent purge-and-trap from an aqueous matrix using
Method 5030.

7.1.2.1 Traditionally, the purge-and-trap of aqueous samples is performed at
ambient temperature, while purging of soil/solid samples is performed at 40oC, to
improve purging efficiency.

7.1.2.2 Aqueous and soil/solid samples may also be purged at temperatures
above those being recommended as long as all calibration standards, samples, and QC
samples are purged at the same temperature, appropriate trapping material is used to
handle the excess water, and the laboratory demonstrates acceptable method
performance for the project. Purging of aqueous samples at elevated temperatures (e.g.,
40oC) may improve the purging performance of many of the water soluble compounds
which have poor purging efficiencies at ambient temperatures.

7.1.3 Vacuum distillation - this technique may be used for the introduction of volatile
organics from aqueous, solid, or tissue samples (Method 5032) into the GC/MS system.

7.1.4 Automated static headspace - this technique may be used for the introduction of
volatile organics from solid samples (Method 5021) into the GC/MS system.

7.1.5 Cartridge desorption - this technique may be for the introduction of volatile
organics from sorbent cartridges (Method 5041) used in the sampling of air. The sorbent
cartridges are from the volatile organics sampling train (VOST) or SMVOC (Method 0031).

7.2 Recommended chromatographic conditions

7.2.1 General conditions

Injector temperature: 200 - 225EC
Transfer line temperature: 250 - 300EC




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7.2.2 Column 1 and Column 2 with cryogenic cooling (example chromatograms are
presented in Figures 1 and 2)

Carrier gas (He) flow rate: 15 mL/min
Initial temperature: 10EC, hold for 5 minutes
Temperature program: 6EC/min to 70EC, then 15EC/min to 145EC
Final temperature: 145EC, hold until all expected compounds
have eluted.

7.2.5 Direct injection - Column 2

Carrier gas (He) flow rate: 4 mL/min
Column: J&W DB-624, 70m x 0.53 mm
Initial temperature: 40EC, hold for 3 minutes
Temperature program: 8EC/min
Final temperature: 260EC, hold until all expected compounds
have eluted.
Column Bake out: 75 minutes
Injector temperature: 200-225EC
Transfer line temperature: 250-300EC

7.2.6 Direct split interface - Column 4

Carrier gas (He) flow rate: 1.5 mL/min
Initial temperature: 35EC, hold for 2 minutes
Temperature program: 4EC/min to 50EC
10EC/min to 220EC
Final temperature: 220EC, hold until all expected compounds
have eluted
Split ratio: 100:1
Injector temperature: 125EC

7.3 Initial calibration

Establish the GC/MS operating conditions, using the following as guidance:

Mass range: 35 - 260 amu
Scan time: 0.6 - 2 sec/scan
Source temperature: According to manufacturer's specifications
Ion trap only: Set axial modulation, manifold temperature, and emission
current to manufacturer's recommendations

7.3.1 Each GC/MS system must be hardware-tuned to meet the criteria in Table 4 for
a 5-50 ng injection or purging of 4-bromofluorobenzene (2-礚 injection of the BFB standard).
Analyses must not begin until these criteria are met.

7.3.1.1 In the absence of specific recommendations on how to acquire the
mass spectrum of BFB from the instrument manufacturer, the following approach has
been shown to be useful: The mass spectrum of BFB may be acquired in the following
manner. Three scans (the peak apex scan and the scans immediately preceding and
following the apex) are acquired and averaged. Background subtraction is required, and
must be accomplished using a single scan no more than 20 scans prior to the elution of


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BFB. Do not background subtract part of the BFB peak. Alternatively, the analyst may
use other documented approaches suggested by the instrument manufacturer.

7.3.1.2 Use the BFB mass intensity criteria in Table 4 as tuning acceptance
criteria. Alternatively, other documented tuning criteria may be used (e.g., CLP, Method
524.2, or manufacturer's instructions), provided that method performance is not
adversely affected.

NOTE: All subsequent standards, samples, MS/MSDs, LCSs, and blanks
associated with a BFB analysis must use identical mass spectrometer
instrument conditions.

7.3.2 Set up the sample introduction system as outlined in the method of choice (see
Sec. 7.1). A different calibration curve is necessary for each method because of the
differences in conditions and equipment. A set of at least five different calibration standards
is necessary (see Sec. 5.12 and Method 8000). Calibration must be performed using the
sample introduction technique that will be used for samples. For Method 5030, the purging
efficiency for 5 mL of water is greater than for 25 mL. Therefore, develop the standard curve
with whichever volume of sample that will be analyzed.

7.3.2.1 To prepare a calibration standard, add an appropriate volume of a
secondary dilution standard solution to an aliquot of organic-free reagent water in a
volumetric flask. Use a microsyringe and rapidly inject the alcoholic standard into the
expanded area of the filled volumetric flask. Remove the needle as quickly as possible
after injection. Mix by inverting the flask three times only. Discard the contents
contained in the neck of the flask. Aqueous standards are not stable and should be
prepared daily. Transfer 5.0 mL (or 25 mL if lower detection limits are required) of each
standard to a gas tight syringe along with 10 礚 of internal standard. Then transfer the
contents to the appropriate device or syringe. Some of the introduction methods may
have specific guidance on the volume of calibration standard and the way the standards
are transferred to the device.

7.3.2.2 The internal standards selected in Sec. 5.10 should permit most of the
components of interest in a chromatogram to have retention times of 0.80 - 1.20, relative
to one of the internal standards. Use the base peak ion from the specific internal
standard as the primary ion for quantitation (see Table 1). If interferences are noted, use
the next most intense ion as the quantitation ion.

7.3.2.3 To prepare a calibration standard for direct injection analysis of waste
oil, dilute standards in hexadecane.

7.3.3 Proceed with the analysis of the calibration standards following the procedure in
the introduction method of choice. For direct injection, inject 1 - 2 礚 into the GC/MS system.
The injection volume will depend upon the chromatographic column chosen and the tolerance
of the specific GC/MS system to water.

7.3.4 Tabulate the area response of the characteristic ions (see Table 5) against the
concentration for each target analyte and each internal standard. Calculate response factors
(RF) for each target analyte relative to one of the internal standards. The internal standard
selected for the calculation of the RF for a target analyte should be the internal standard that
has a retention time closest to the analyte being measured (Sec. 7.6.2).



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The RF is calculated as follows:
As ?Cis
RF '
Ais ?Cs
where:

As = Peak area (or height) of the analyte or surrogate.
Ais = Peak area (or height) of the internal standard.
Cs = Concentration of the analyte or surrogate.
Cis = Concentration of the internal standard.

7.3.5 System performance check compounds (SPCCs) - Calculate the mean RF for
each target analyte using the five RF values calculated from the initial (5-point) calibration
curve. A system performance check should be made before this calibration curve is used.
Five compounds (the System Performance Check Compounds, or SPCCs) are checked for a
minimum average response factor. These compounds are chloromethane; 1,1-dichloroethane;
bromoform; chlorobenzene; and 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane. These compounds are used to
check compound instability and to check for degradation caused by contaminated lines or
active sites in the system. Example problems include:

7.3.5.1 Chloromethane is the most likely compound to be lost if the purge flow
is too fast.

7.3.5.2 Bromoform is one of the compounds most likely to be purged very poorly
if the purge flow is too slow. Cold spots and/or active sites in the transfer lines may
adversely affect response. Response of the quantitation ion (m/z 173) is directly affected
by the tuning of BFB at ions m/z 174/176. Increasing the m/z 174/176 ratio relative to
m/z 95 may improve bromoform response.

7.3.5.3 Tetrachloroethane and 1,1-dichloroethane are degraded by
contaminated transfer lines in purge-and-trap systems and/or active sites in trapping
materials.

7.3.5.4 The minimum mean response factors for the volatile SPCCs are as
follows:

Chloromethane 0.10
1,1-Dichloroethane 0.10
Bromoform 0.10
Chlorobenzene 0.30
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 0.30

7.3.6 Calibration check compounds (CCCs)

7.3.6.1 The purpose of the CCCs are to evaluate the calibration from the
standpoint of the integrity of the system. High variability for these compounds may be
indicative of system leaks or reactive sites on the column. Meeting the CCC criteria is
not a substitute for successful calibration of the target analytes using one of the
approaches described in Sec. 7.0 of Method 8000.

7.3.6.2 Calculate the standard deviation (SD) and relative standard deviation
(RSD) of the response factors for all target analytes from the initial calibration, as follows:

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j (RFi&RF)
n
2
SD
RSD ' ?100
i'1
SD ' RF
n&1


where:

RFi = RF for each of the calibration standards
&& = mean RF for each compound from the initial calibration
RF
n = Number of calibration standards, e.g., 5

7.3.6.3 The RSD should be less than or equal to 15% for each target analyte.
However, the RSD for each individual Calibration Check Compound (CCC) must be equal
or less than 30%. If the CCCs are not included in the list of analytes for a project, and
therefore not included in the calibration standards, refer to Sec. 7.0 of Method 8000. The
CCCs are:

1,1-Dichloroethene Toluene
Chloroform Ethylbenzene
1,2-Dichloropropane Vinyl chloride

7.3.6.4 If an RSD of greater than 30% is measured for any CCC, then corrective
action to eliminate a system leak and/or column reactive sites is necessary before
reattempting calibration.

7.3.7 Evaluation of retention times - The relative retention times of each target analyte
in each calibration standard should agree within 0.06 relative retention time units. Late-eluting
compounds usually have much better agreement.

7.3.8 Linearity of target analytes

7.3.8.1 If the RSD of any target analyte is 15% or less, then the response factor
is assumed to be constant over the calibration range, and the average response factor
may be used for quantitation (Sec. 7.7.2).

7.3.8.2 If the RSD of any target analyte is greater than 15%, refer to Sec. 7.0
of Method 8000 for additional calibration options. One of the options must be applied to
GC/MS calibration in this situation, or a new initial calibration must be performed.

NOTE: Method 8000 specifies a linearity criterion of 20% RSD. That criterion
pertains to GC and HPLC methods other than GC/MS. Method 8260
requires 15% RSD as evidence of sufficient linearity to employ an
average response factor.

7.3.8.3 When the RSD exceeds 15%, the plotting and visual inspection of a
calibration curve can be a useful diagnostic tool. The inspection may indicate analytical
problems, including errors in standard preparation, the presence of active sites in the
chromatographic system, analytes that exhibit poor chromatographic behavior, etc.



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NOTE: The 20% RSD criteria in Method 8000 pertains to GC and HPLC
methods other than GC/MS. Method 8260 requires 15% RSD.

7.4 GC/MS calibration verification - Calibration verification consists of three steps that are
performed at the beginning of each 12-hour analytical shift.

7.4.1 Prior to the analysis of samples or calibration standards, inject or introduce 5-50
ng of the 4-bromofluorobenzene standard into the GC/MS system. The resultant mass spectra
for the BFB must meet the criteria given in Table 4 before sample analysis begins. These
criteria must be demonstrated each 12-hour shift during which samples are analyzed.

7.4.2 The initial calibration curve (Sec. 7.3) for each compound of interest should be
verified once every 12 hours prior to sample analysis, using the introduction technique used
for samples. This is accomplished by analyzing a calibration standard at a concentration near
the midpoint concentration for the calibrating range of the GC/MS. The results from the
calibration standard analysis should meet the verification acceptance criteria provided in Secs.
7.4.4 through 7.4.7.

NOTE: The BFB and calibration verification standard may be combined into a single
standard as long as both tuning and calibration verification acceptance
criteria for the project can be met without interferences.

7.4.3 A method blank should be analyzed after the calibration standard, or at any other
time during the analytical shift, to ensure that the total system (introduction device, transfer
lines and GC/MS system) is free of contaminants. If the method blank indicates contamination,
then it may be appropriate to analyze a solvent blank to demonstrate that the contamination
is not a result of carryover from standards or samples. See Sec. 8.0 of Method 8000 for
method blank performance criteria.

7.4.4 System Performance Check Compounds (SPCCs)

7.4.4.1 A system performance check must be made during every 12-hour
analytical shift. Each SPCC compound in the calibration verification standard must meet
its minimum response factor (see Sec. 7.3.5.4). This is the same check that is applied
during the initial calibration.

7.4.4.2 If the minimum response factors are not met, the system must be
evaluated, and corrective action must be taken before sample analysis begins. Possible
problems include standard mixture degradation, injection port inlet contamination,
contamination at the front end of the analytical column, and active sites in the column or
chromatographic system. This check must be met before sample analysis begins.

7.4.5 Calibration Check Compounds (CCCs)

7.4.5.1 After the system performance check is met, the CCCs listed in Sec.
7.3.6 are used to check the validity of the initial calibration. Use percent difference when
performing the average response factor model calibration. Use percent drift when
calibrating using a regression fit model. Refer to Sec. 7.0 of Method 8000 for guidance
on calculating percent difference and drift.

7.4.5.2 If the percent difference or drift for each CCC is less than or equal to
20%, the initial calibration is assumed to be valid. If the criterion is not met (i.e., greater


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than 20% difference or drift), for any one CCC, then corrective action must be taken prior
to the analysis of samples. If the CCC's are not included in the list of analytes for a
project, and therefore not included in the calibration standards, then all analytes must
meet the 20% difference or drift criterion.

7.4.5.3 Problems similar to those listed under SPCCs could affect the CCCs.
If the problem cannot be corrected by other measures, a new five-point initial calibration
must be generated. The CCC criteria must be met before sample analysis begins.

7.4.6 Internal standard retention time - The retention times of the internal standards in
the calibration verification standard must be evaluated immediately after or during data
acquisition. If the retention time for any internal standard changes by more than 30 seconds
from the that in the mid-point standard level of the most recent initial calibration sequence,
then the chromatographic system must be inspected for malfunctions and corrections must be
made, as required. When corrections are made, reanalysis of samples analyzed while the
system was malfunctioning is required.

7.4.7 Internal standard response - If the EICP area for any of the internal standards in
the calibration verification standard changes by a factor of two (-50% to + 100%) from that in
the mid-point standard level of the most recent initial calibration sequence, the mass
spectrometer must be inspected for malfunctions and corrections must be made, as
appropriate. When corrections are made, reanalysis of samples analyzed while the system
was malfunctioning is required.

7.5 GC/MS analysis of samples

7.5.1 It is highly recommended that the sample be screened to minimize contamination
of the GC/MS system from unexpectedly high concentrations of organic compounds. Some
of the screening options available utilizing SW-846 methods are automated headspace-GC/FID
(Methods 5021/8015), automated headspace-GC/PID/ELCD (Methods 5021/8021), or waste
dilution-GC/PID/ELCD (Methods 3585/8021) using the same type of capillary column. When
used only for screening purposes, the quality control requirements in the methods above may
be reduced as appropriate. Sample screening is particularly important when Method 8260 is
used to achieve low detection levels.

7.5.2 BFB tuning criteria and GC/MS calibration verification criteria must be met before
analyzing samples.

7.5.3 All samples and standard solutions must be allowed to warm to ambient
temperature before analysis. Set up the introduction device as outlined in the method of
choice.

7.5.4 The process of taking an aliquot destroys the validity of remaining volume of an
aqueous sample for future analysis. Therefore, if only one VOA vial is provided to the
laboratory, the analyst should prepare two aliquots for analysis at this time, to protect against
possible loss of sample integrity. This second sample is maintained only until such time when
the analyst has determined that the first sample has been analyzed properly. For aqueous
samples, one 20-mL syringe could be used to hold two 5-mL aliquots. If the second aliquot
is to be taken from the syringe, it must be analyzed within 24 hours. Care must be taken to
prevent air from leaking into the syringe.




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7.5.5 Remove the plunger from a 5-mL syringe and attach a closed syringe valve.
Open the sample or standard bottle, which has been allowed to come to ambient temperature,
and carefully pour the sample into the syringe barrel to just short of overflowing. Replace the
syringe plunger and compress the sample. Open the syringe valve and vent any residual air
while adjusting the sample volume to 5.0 mL. If lower detection limits are required, use a 25-
mL syringe, and adjust the final volume to 25.0 mL.

7.5.6 The following procedure may be used to dilute aqueous samples for analysis of
volatiles. All steps must be performed without delays, until the diluted sample is in a gas-tight
syringe.

7.5.6.1 Dilutions may be made in volumetric flasks (10- to 100-mL). Select the
volumetric flask that will allow for the necessary dilution. Intermediate dilution steps may
be necessary for extremely large dilutions.

7.5.6.2 Calculate the approximate volume of organic-free reagent water to be
added to the volumetric flask, and add slightly less than this quantity of organic-free
reagent water to the flask.

7.5.6.3 Inject the appropriate volume of the original sample from the syringe into
the flask. Aliquots of less than 1 mL are not recommended. Dilute the sample to the
mark with organic-free reagent water. Cap the flask, invert, and shake three times.
Repeat above procedure for additional dilutions.

7.5.6.4 Fill a 5-mL syringe with the diluted sample, as described in Sec. 7.5.5.

7.5.7 Compositing aqueous samples prior to GC/MS analysis

7.5.7.1 Add 5 mL of each sample (up to 5 samples are allowed) to a 25-mL
glass syringe. Special precautions must be made to maintain zero headspace in the
syringe. Larger volumes of a smaller number of samples may be used, provided that
equal volumes of each sample are composited.

7.5.7.2 The samples must be cooled to 4EC or less during this step to minimize
volatilization losses. Sample vials may be placed in a tray of ice during the processing.

7.5.7.3 Mix each vial well and draw out a 5-mL aliquot with the 25-mL syringe.

7.5.7.4 Once all the aliquots have been combined on the syringe, invert the
syringe several times to mix the aliquots. Introduce the composited sample into the
instrument, using the method of choice (see Sec. 7.1).

7.5.7.5 If less than five samples are used for compositing, a proportionately
smaller syringe may be used, unless a 25-mL sample is to be purged.

7.5.8 Add 10 礚 of the surrogate spiking solution and 10 礚 of the internal standard
spiking solution to each sample either manually or by autosampler. The surrogate and internal
standards may be mixed and added as a single spiking solution. The addition of 10 礚 of the
surrogate spiking solution to 5 mL of aqueous sample will yield a concentration of 50 礸/L of
each surrogate standard. The addition of 10 礚 of the surrogate spiking solution to 5 g of a
non-aqueous sample will yield a concentration of 50 礸/kg of each standard.



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If a more sensitive mass spectrometer is employed to achieve lower detection levels,
more dilute surrogate and internal standard solutions may be required.

7.5.9 Add 10 礚 of the matrix spike solution (Sec. 5.13) to a 5-mL aliquot of the sample
chosen for spiking. Disregarding any dilutions, this is equivalent to a concentration of 50 礸/L
of each matrix spike standard.

7.5.9.1 Follow the same procedure in preparing the laboratory control sample
(LCS), except the spike is added to a clean matrix. See Sec. 8.4 and Method 5000 for
more guidance on the selection and preparation of the matrix spike and the LCS.

7.5.9.2 If a more sensitive mass spectrometer is employed to achieve lower
detection levels, more dilute matrix spiking and LCS solutions may be required.

7.5.10 Analyze the sample following the procedure in the introduction method of choice.

7.5.10.1 For direct injection, inject 1 to 2 礚 into the GC/MS system. The volume
limitation will depend upon the chromatographic column chosen and the tolerance of the
specific GC/MS system to water (if an aqueous sample is being analyzed).

7.5.10.2 The concentration of the internal standards, surrogates, and matrix
spiking standards (if any) added to the injection aliquot must be adjusted to provide the
same concentration in the 1-2 礚 injection as would be introduced into the GC/MS by
purging a 5-mL aliquot.

NOTE: It may be a useful diagnostic tool to monitor internal standard retention
times and responses (area counts) in all samples, spikes, blanks, and
standards to effectively check drifting method performance, poor
injection execution, and anticipate the need for system inspection
and/or maintenance.

7.5.11 If the initial analysis of the sample or a dilution of the sample has a concentration
of any analyte that exceeds the initial calibration range, the sample must be reanalyzed at a
higher dilution. Secondary ion quantitation is allowed only when there are sample interferences
with the primary ion.

7.5.11.1 When ions from a compound in the sample saturate the detector, this
analysis must be followed by the analysis of an organic-free reagent water blank. If the
blank analysis is not free of interferences, then the system must be decontaminated.
Sample analysis may not resume until the blank analysis is demonstrated to be free of
interferences.

7.5.11.2 All dilutions should keep the response of the major constituents
(previously saturated peaks) in the upper half of the linear range of the curve.

7.5.12 The use of selected ion monitoring (SIM) is acceptable in situations requiring
detection limits below the normal range of full EI spectra. However, SIM may provide a lesser
degree of confidence in the compound identification unless multiple ions are monitored for
each compound.




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7.6 Qualitative analysis

7.6.1 The qualitative identification of each compound determined by this method is
based on retention time, and on comparison of the sample mass spectrum, after background
correction, with characteristic ions in a reference mass spectrum. The reference mass
spectrum must be generated by the laboratory using the conditions of this method. The
characteristic ions from the reference mass spectrum are defined to be the three ions of
greatest relative intensity, or any ions over 30% relative intensity if less than three such ions
occur in the reference spectrum. Compounds are identified as present when the following
criteria are met.

7.6.1.1 The intensities of the characteristic ions of a compound maximize in the
same scan or within one scan of each other. Selection of a peak by a data system target
compound search routine where the search is based on the presence of a target
chromatographic peak containing ions specific for the target compound at a
compound-specific retention time will be accepted as meeting this criterion.

7.6.1.2 The relative retention time (RRT) of the sample component is within
?0.06 RRT units of the RRT of the standard component.

7.6.1.3 The relative intensities of the characteristic ions agree within 30% of the
relative intensities of these ions in the reference spectrum. (Example: For an ion with
an abundance of 50% in the reference spectrum, the corresponding abundance in a
sample spectrum can range between 20% and 80%.)

7.6.1.4 Structural isomers that produce very similar mass spectra should be
identified as individual isomers if they have sufficiently different GC retention times.
Sufficient GC resolution is achieved if the height of the valley between two isomer peaks
is less than 25% of the sum of the two peak heights. Otherwise, structural isomers are
identified as isomeric pairs.

7.6.1.5 Identification is hampered when sample components are not resolved
chromatographically and produce mass spectra containing ions contributed by more than
one analyte. When gas chromatographic peaks obviously represent more than one
sample component (i.e., a broadened peak with shoulder(s) or a valley between two or
more maxima), appropriate selection of analyte spectra and background spectra is
important.

7.6.1.6 Examination of extracted ion current profiles of appropriate ions can aid
in the selection of spectra, and in qualitative identification of compounds. When analytes
coelute (i.e., only one chromatographic peak is apparent), the identification criteria may
be met, but each analyte spectrum will contain extraneous ions contributed by the
coeluting compound.

7.6.2 For samples containing components not associated with the calibration
standards, a library search may be made for the purpose of tentative identification. The
necessity to perform this type of identification will be determined by the purpose of the
analyses being conducted. Data system library search routines should not use normalization
routines that would misrepresent the library or unknown spectra when compared to each other.

For example, the RCRA permit or waste delisting requirements may require the reporting
of non-target analytes. Only after visual comparison of sample spectra with the nearest library


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searches may the analyst assign a tentative identification. Use the following guidelines for
making tentative identifications:

(1) Relative intensities of major ions in the reference spectrum (ions greater than
10% of the most abundant ion) should be present in the sample spectrum.

(2) The relative intensities of the major ions should agree within ?20%. (Example:
For an ion with an abundance of 50% in the standard spectrum, the
corresponding sample ion abundance must be between 30 and 70%).

(3) Molecular ions present in the reference spectrum should be present in the
sample spectrum.

(4) Ions present in the sample spectrum but not in the reference spectrum should be
reviewed for possible background contamination or presence of coeluting
compounds.

(5) Ions present in the reference spectrum but not in the sample spectrum should be
reviewed for possible subtraction from the sample spectrum because of
background contamination or coeluting peaks. Data system library reduction
programs can sometimes create these discrepancies.

7.7 Quantitative analysis

7.7.1 Once a compound has been identified, the quantitation of that compound will be
based on the integrated abundance from the EICP of the primary characteristic ion. The
internal standard used shall be the one nearest the retention time of that of a given analyte.


concentration in the extract may be determined using the average response factor (&&) from
7.7.2 If the RSD of a compound's response factors is 15% or less, then the
RF
initial calibration data (7.3.6). See Method 8000, Sec. 7.0, for the equations describing internal
standard calibration and either linear or non-linear calibrations.

7.7.3 Where applicable, the concentration of any non-target analytes identified in the
sample (Sec. 7.6.2) should be estimated. The same formulae should be used with the
following modifications: The areas Ax and Ais should be from the total ion chromatograms, and
the RF for the compound should be assumed to be 1.

7.7.4 The resulting concentration should be reported indicating: (1) that the value is
an estimate, and (2) which internal standard was used to determine concentration. Use the
nearest internal standard free of interferences.


8.0 QUALITY CONTROL

8.1 Refer to Chapter One and Method 8000 for specific quality control (QC) procedures.
Quality control procedures to ensure the proper operation of the various sample preparation and/or
sample introduction techniques can be found in Methods 3500 and 5000. Each laboratory should
maintain a formal quality assurance program. The laboratory should also maintain records to
document the quality of the data generated.




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8.2 Quality control procedures necessary to evaluate the GC system operation are found in
Method 8000, Sec. 7.0 and include evaluation of retention time windows, calibration verification and
chromatographic analysis of samples. In addition, instrument QC requirements may be found in the
following sections of Method 8260:

8.2.1 The GC/MS system must be tuned to meet the BFB specifications in Secs. 7.3.1
and 7.4.1.

8.2.2 There must be an initial calibration of the GC/MS system as described in Sec. 7.3.

8.2.3 The GC/MS system must meet the SPCC criteria described in Sec. 7.4.4 and the
CCC criteria in Sec. 7.4.5, each 12 hours.

8.3 Initial Demonstration of Proficiency - Each laboratory must demonstrate initial proficiency
with each sample preparation and determinative method combination it utilizes, by generating data
of acceptable accuracy and precision for target analytes in a clean matrix. The laboratory must also
repeat the following operations whenever new staff are trained or significant changes in
instrumentation are made. See Method 8000, Sec. 8.0 for information on how to accomplish this
demonstration.

8.4 Sample Quality Control for Preparation and Analysis - The laboratory must also have
procedures for documenting the effect of the matrix on method performance (precision, accuracy,
and detection limit). At a minimum, this includes the analysis of QC samples including a method
blank, matrix spike, a duplicate, and a laboratory control sample (LCS) in each analytical batch and
the addition of surrogates to each field sample and QC sample.

8.4.1 Before processing any samples, the analyst should demonstrate, through the
analysis of a method blank, that interferences from the analytical system, glassware, and
reagents are under control. Each time a set of samples is analyzed or there is a change in
reagents, a method blank should be analyzed as a safeguard against chronic laboratory
contamination. The blanks should be carried through all stages of sample preparation and
measurement.

8.4.2 Documenting the effect of the matrix should include the analysis of at least one
matrix spike and one duplicate unspiked sample or one matrix spike/matrix spike duplicate pair.
The decision on whether to prepare and analyze duplicate samples or a matrix spike/matrix
spike duplicate must be based on a knowledge of the samples in the sample batch. If samples
are expected to contain target analytes, then laboratories may use one matrix spike and a
duplicate analysis of an unspiked field sample. If samples are not expected to contain target
analytes, laboratories should use a matrix spike and matrix spike duplicate pair.

8.4.3 A Laboratory Control Sample (LCS) should be included with each analytical batch.
The LCS consists of an aliquot of a clean (control) matrix similar to the sample matrix and of
the same weight or volume. The LCS is spiked with the same analytes at the same
concentrations as the matrix spike. When the results of the matrix spike analysis indicate a
potential problem due to the sample matrix itself, the LCS results are used to verify that the
laboratory can perform the analysis in a clean matrix.

8.4.4 See Method 8000, Sec. 8.0 for the details on carrying out sample quality control
procedures for preparation and analysis.




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8.5 Surrogate recoveries - The laboratory must evaluate surrogate recovery data from
individual samples versus the surrogate control limits developed by the laboratory. See Method
8000, Sec. 8.0 for information on evaluating surrogate data and developing and updating surrogate
limits.

8.6 The experience of the analyst performing GC/MS analyses is invaluable to the success
of the methods. Each day that analysis is performed, the calibration verification standard should be
evaluated to determine if the chromatographic system is operating properly. Questions that should
be asked are: Do the peaks look normal? Is the response obtained comparable to the response
from previous calibrations? Careful examination of the standard chromatogram can indicate whether
the column is still performing acceptably, the injector is leaking, the injector septum needs replacing,
etc. If any changes are made to the system (e.g., the column changed), recalibration of the system
must take place.

8.7 It is recommended that the laboratory adopt additional quality assurance practices for use
with this method. The specific practices that are most productive depend upon the needs of the
laboratory and the nature of the samples. Whenever possible, the laboratory should analyze
standard reference materials and participate in relevant performance evaluation studies.


9.0 METHOD PERFORMANCE

9.1 The method detection limit (MDL) is defined as the minimum concentration of a
substance that can be measured and reported with 99% confidence that the value is above zero.
The MDL actually achieved in a given analysis will vary depending on instrument sensitivity and
matrix effects.

9.2 This method has been tested using purge-and-trap (Method 5030) in a single laboratory
using spiked water. Using a wide-bore capillary column, water was spiked at concentrations
between 0.5 and 10 礸/L. Single laboratory accuracy and precision data are presented for the
method analytes in Table 6. Calculated MDLs are presented in Table 1.

9.3 The method was tested using purge-and-trap (Method 5030) with water spiked at 0.1 to
0.5 礸/L and analyzed on a cryofocussed narrow-bore column. The accuracy and precision data for
these compounds are presented in Table 7. MDL values were also calculated from these data and
are presented in Table 2.

9.4 Direct injection (Method 3585) has been used for the analysis of waste motor oil samples
using a wide-bore column. Single laboratory precision and accuracy data are presented in Tables
10 and 11 for TCLP volatiles in oil. The performance data were developed by spiking and analyzing
seven replicates each of new and used oil. The oils were spiked at the TCLP regulatory
concentrations for most analytes, except for the alcohols, ketones, ethyl acetate and chlorobenzene
which are spiked at 5 ppm, well below the regulatory concentrations. Prior to spiking, the new oil
(an SAE 30-weight motor oil) was heated at 80EC overnight to remove volatiles. The used oil (a
mixture of used oil drained from passenger automobiles) was not heated and was contaminated with
20 - 300 ppm of BTEX compounds and isobutanol. These contaminants contributed to the extremely
high recoveries of the BTEX compounds in the used oil. Therefore, the data from the deuterated
analogs of these analytes represent more typical recovery values.

9.5 Single laboratory accuracy and precision data were obtained for the Method 5035
analytes in three soil matrices: sand; a soil collected 10 feet below the surface of a hazardous
landfill, called C-Horizon; and a surface garden soil. Sample preparation was by Method 5035. Each


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sample was fortified with the analytes at a concentration of 4 礸/kg. These data are listed in Tables
17, 18, and 19. All data were calculated using fluorobenzene as the internal standard added to the
soil sample prior to extraction. This causes some of the results to be greater than 100% recovery
because the precision of results is sometimes as great as 28%.

9.5.1 In general, the recoveries of the analytes from the sand matrix are the highest,
the C-Horizon soil results are somewhat less, and the surface garden soil recoveries are the
lowest. This is due to the greater adsorptive capacity of the garden soil. This illustrates the
necessity of analyzing matrix spike samples to assess the degree of matrix effects.

9.5.2 The recoveries of some of the gases, or very volatile compounds, such as vinyl
chloride, trichlorofluoromethane, and 1,1-dichloroethene, are somewhat greater than 100%.
This is due to the difficulty encountered in fortifying the soil with these compounds, allowing
an equilibration period, then extracting them with a high degree of precision. Also, the garden
soil results in Table 19 include some extraordinarily high recoveries for some aromatic
compounds, such as toluene, xylenes, and trimethylbenzenes. This is due to contamination
of the soil prior to sample collection, and to the fact that no background was subtracted.

9.6 Performance data for nonpurgeable volatiles using azeotropic distillation (Method 5031)
are included in Tables 12 to 16.

9.7 Performance data for volatiles prepared using vacuum distillation (Method 5032) in soil,
water, oil and fish tissue matrices are included in Tables 20 to 27.

9.8 Single laboratory accuracy and precision data were obtained for the Method 5021
analytes in two soil matrices: sand and a surface garden soil. Replicate samples were fortified with
the analytes at concentrations of 10 礸/kg. These data are listed in Table 30. All data were
calculated using the internal standards listed for each analyte in Table 28. The recommended
internal standards were selected because they generated the best accuracy and precision data for
the analyte in both types of soil.

9.8.1 If a detector other than an MS is used for analysis, consideration must be given
to the choice of internal standards and surrogates. They must not coelute with any other
analyte and must have similar properties to the analytes. The recoveries of the analytes are
50% or higher for each matrix studied. The recoveries of the gases or very volatile compounds
are greater than 100% in some cases. Also, results include high recoveries of some aromatic
compounds, such as toluene, xylenes, and trimethylbenzenes. This is due to contamination
of the soil prior to sample collection.

9.8.2 The method detection limits using Method 5021 listed in Table 29 were calculated
from results of seven replicate analyses of the sand matrix. Sand was chosen because it
demonstrated the least degree of matrix effect of the soils studied. These MDLs were
calculated utilizing the procedure described in Chapter One and are intended to be a general
indication of the capabilities of the method.

9.9 The MDL concentrations listed in Table 31 were determined using Method 5041 in
conjunction with Method 8260. They were obtained using cleaned blank VOST tubes and reagent
water. Similar results have been achieved with field samples. The MDL actually achieved in a given
analysis will vary depending upon instrument sensitivity and the effects of the matrix. Preliminary
spiking studies indicate that under the test conditions, the MDLs for spiked compounds in extremely
complex matrices may be larger by a factor of 500 - 1000.



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9.10 The EQL of sample taken by Method 0040 and analyzed by Method 8260 is estimated
to be in the range of 0.03 to 0.9 ppm (See Table 33). Matrix effects may cause the individual
compound detection limits to be higher.


10.0 REFERENCES

1. Methods for the Determination of Organic Compounds in Finished Drinking Water and Raw
Source Water Method 524.2, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research
Development, Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH, 1986.

2. Bellar, T.A., Lichtenberg, J.J, J. Amer. Water Works Assoc., 1974, 66(12), 739-744.

3. Bellar, T.A., Lichtenberg, J.J., "Semi-Automated Headspace Analysis of Drinking Waters and
Industrial Waters for Purgeable Volatile Organic Compounds"; in Van Hall, Ed.; Measurement
of Organic Pollutants in Water and Wastewater, ASTM STP 686, pp 108-129, 1979.

4. Budde, W.L., Eichelberger, J.W., "Performance Tests for the Evaluation of Computerized Gas
Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry Equipment and Laboratories"; U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency, Environmental Monitoring and Support Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH, April
1980; EPA-600/4-79-020.

5. Eichelberger, J.W., Harris, L.E., Budde, W.L., "Reference Compound to Calibrate Ion
Abundance Measurement in Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Systems"; Analytical
Chemistry 1975, 47, 995-1000.

6. Olynyk, P., Budde, W.L., Eichelberger, J.W., "Method Detection Limit for Methods 624 and
625"; Unpublished report, October 1980.

7. Non Cryogenic Temperatures Program and Chromatogram, Private Communications; M.
Stephenson and F. Allen, EPA Region IV Laboratory, Athens, GA.

8. Marsden, P.J., Helms, C.L., Colby, B.N., "Analysis of Volatiles in Waste Oil"; Report for B.
Lesnik, OSW/EPA under EPA contract 68-W9-001, 6/92.

9. Methods for the Determination of Organic Compounds in Drinking Water, Supplement II
Method 524.2; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development,
Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH, 1992.

10. Flores, P., Bellar, T., "Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds in Soils Using Equilibrium
Headspace Analysis and Capillary Column Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry", U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental
Monitoring Systems Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH, December, 1992.

11. Bruce, M.L., Lee, R.P., Stephens, M.W., "Concentration of Water Soluble Volatile Organic
Compounds from Aqueous Samples by Azeotropic Microdistillation", Environmental Science
and Technology 1992, 26, 160-163.

12. Cramer, P.H., Wilner, J., Stanley, J.S., "Final Report: Method for Polar, Water Soluble,
Nonpurgeable Volatile Organics (VOCs)", For U.S. Environmental Protection Agency,
Environmental Monitoring Support Laboratory, EPA Contract No. 68-C8-0041.



CD-ROM 8260B - 28 Revision 2
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13. Hiatt, M.H., "Analysis of Fish and Sediment for Volatile Priority Pollutants", Analytical Chemistry
1981, 53, 1541.

14. Validation of the Volatile Organic Sampling Train (VOST) Protocol. Volumes I and II.
EPA/600/4-86-014A, January, 1986.

15. Bellar, T., "Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds in Soils Using Modified Purge-and-
Trap and Capillary Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry" U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency, Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, Cincinnati, OH, November 1991.




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TABLE 1

CHROMATOGRAPHIC RETENTION TIMES AND METHOD DETECTION LIMITS (MDL)
FOR VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS ON WIDE-BORE CAPILLARY COLUMNS



MDLd
Compound Retention Time (minutes)
Column 1a Column 2b Column 2'c (礸/L)


Dichlorodifluoromethane 1.35 0.70 3.13 0.10
Chloromethane 1.49 0.73 3.40 0.13
Vinyl Chloride 1.56 0.79 3.93 0.17
Bromomethane 2.19 0.96 4.80 0.11
Chloroethane 2.21 1.02 -- 0.10
Trichlorofluoromethane 2.42 1.19 6.20 0.08
Acrolein 3.19
Iodomethane 3.56
Acetonitrile 4.11
Carbon disulfide 4.11
Allyl chloride 4.11
Methylene chloride 4.40 2.06 9.27 0.03
1,1-Dichloroethene 4.57 1.57 7.83 0.12
Acetone 4.57
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 4.57 2.36 9.90 0.06
Acrylonitrile 5.00
1,1-Dichloroethane 6.14 2.93 10.80 0.04
Vinyl acetate 6.43
2,2-Dichloropropane 8.10 3.80 11.87 0.35
2-Butanone --
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 8.25 3.90 11.93 0.12
Propionitrile 8.51
Chloroform 9.01 4.80 12.60 0.03
Bromochloromethane -- 4.38 12.37 0.04
Methacrylonitrile 9.19
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 10.18 4.84 12.83 0.08
Carbon tetrachloride 11.02 5.26 13.17 0.21
1,1-Dichloropropene -- 5.29 13.10 0.10
Benzene 11.50 5.67 13.50 0.04
1,2-Dichloroethane 12.09 5.83 13.63 0.06
Trichloroethene 14.03 7.27 14.80 0.19
1,2-Dichloropropane 14.51 7.66 15.20 0.04
Bromodichloromethane 15.39 8.49 15.80 0.08
Dibromomethane 15.43 7.93 5.43 0.24
Methyl methacrylate 15.50
1,4-Dioxane 16.17
2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether --
4-Methyl-2-pentanone 17.32
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 17.47 -- 16.70 --
Toluene 18.29 10.00 17.40 0.11
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 19.38 -- 17.90 --

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TABLE 1 (cont.)



MDLd
Compound Retention Time (minutes)

Column 1a Column 2b Column 2"c (礸/L)

1,1,2-Trichloroethane 19.59 11.05 18.30 0.10
Ethyl methacrylate 20.01
2-Hexanone 20.30
Tetrachloroethene 20.26 11.15 18.60 0.14
1,3-Dichloropropane 20.51 11.31 18.70 0.04
Dibromochloromethane 21.19 11.85 19.20 0.05
1,2-Dibromoethane 21.52 11.83 19.40 0.06
1-Chlorohexane -- 13.29 -- 0.05
Chlorobenzene 23.17 13.01 20.67 0.04
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane 23.36 13.33 20.87 0.05
Ethylbenzene 23.38 13.39 21.00 0.06
p-Xylene 23.54 13.69 21.30 0.13
m-Xylene 23.54 13.68 21.37 0.05
o-Xylene 25.16 14.52 22.27 0.11
Styrene 25.30 14.60 22.40 0.04
Bromoform 26.23 14.88 22.77 0.12
Isopropylbenzene (Cumene) 26.37 15.46 23.30 0.15
cis-1,4-Dichloro-2-butene 27.12
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 27.29 16.35 24.07 0.04
Bromobenzene 27.46 15.86 24.00 0.03
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 27.55 16.23 24.13 0.32
n-Propylbenzene 27.58 16.41 24.33 0.04
2-Chlorotoluene 28.19 16.42 24.53 0.04
trans-1,4-Dichloro-2-butene 28.26
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene 28.31 16.90 24.83 0.05
4-Chlorotoluene 28.33 16.72 24.77 0.06
Pentachloroethane 29.41
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene 29.47 17.70 31.50 0.13
sec-Butylbenzene 30.25 18.09 26.13 0.13
tert-Butylbenzene 30.59 17.57 26.60 0.14
p-Isopropyltoluene 30.59 18.52 26.50 0.12
1,3-Dichlorobenzene 30.56 18.14 26.37 0.12
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 31.22 18.39 26.60 0.03
Benzyl chloride 32.00
n-Butylbenzene 32.23 19.49 27.32 0.11
1,2-Dichlorobenzene 32.31 19.17 27.43 0.03
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane 35.30 21.08 -- 0.26
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 38.19 23.08 31.50 0.04
Hexachlorobutadiene 38.57 23.68 32.07 0.11
Naphthalene 39.05 23.52 32.20 0.04
1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene 40.01 24.18 32.97 0.03




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TABLE 1 (cont.)



MDLd
Compound Retention Time (minutes)
Column 1a Column 2b Column 2"c (礸/L)



INTERNAL STANDARDS/SURROGATES

1,4-Difluorobenzene 13.26
Chlorobenzene-d5 23.10
1,4-Dichlorobenzene-d4 31.16

4-Bromofluorobenzene 27.83 15.71 23.63
1,2-Dichlorobenzene-d4 32.30 19.08 27.25
Dichloroethane-d4 12.08
Dibromofluoromethane --
Toluene-d8 18.27
Pentafluorobenzene --
Fluorobenzene 13.00 6.27 14.06



a
Column 1 - 60 meter x 0.75 mm ID VOCOL capillary. Hold at 10EC for 8 minutes, then program
to 180EC at 4EC/min.
b
Column 2 - 30 meter x 0.53 mm ID DB-624 wide-bore capillary using cryogenic oven. Hold at
10EC for 5 minutes, then program to 160EC at 6EC/min.
c
Column 2" - 30 meter x 0.53 mm ID DB-624 wide-bore capillary, cooling GC oven to ambient
temperatures. Hold at 10EC for 6 minutes, program to 70EC at 10 EC/min, program to 120EC at
5EC/min, then program to 180EC at 8EC/min.
d
MDL based on a 25-mL sample volume.




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TABLE 2

CHROMATOGRAPHIC RETENTION TIMES AND METHOD DETECTION LIMITS (MDL)
FOR VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS ON NARROW-BORE CAPILLARY COLUMNS


MDLb
Compound Retention Time (minutes)
Column 3a (礸/L)


Dichlorodifluoromethane 0.88 0.11
Chloromethane 0.97 0.05
Vinyl chloride 1.04 0.04
Bromomethane 1.29 0.03
1,1-Dichloroethane 4.03 0.03
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 5.07 0.06
2,2-Dichloropropane 5.31 0.08
Chloroform 5.55 0.04
Bromochloromethane 5.63 0.09
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 6.76 0.04
1,2-Dichloroethane 7.00 0.02
1,1-Dichloropropene 7.16 0.12
Carbon tetrachloride 7.41 0.02
Benzene 7.41 0.03
1,2-Dichloropropane 8.94 0.02
Trichloroethene 9.02 0.02
Dibromomethane 9.09 0.01
Bromodichloromethane 9.34 0.03
Toluene 11.51 0.08
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 11.99 0.08
1,3-Dichloropropane 12.48 0.08
Dibromochloromethane 12.80 0.07
Tetrachloroethene 13.20 0.05
1,2-Dibromoethane 13.60 0.10
Chlorobenzene 14.33 0.03
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane 14.73 0.07
Ethylbenzene 14.73 0.03
p-Xylene 15.30 0.06
m-Xylene 15.30 0.03
Bromoform 15.70 0.20
o-Xylene 15.78 0.06
Styrene 15.78 0.27
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 15.78 0.20
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 16.26 0.09
Isopropylbenzene 16.42 0.10
Bromobenzene 16.42 0.11
2-Chlorotoluene 16.74 0.08
n-Propylbenzene 16.82 0.10
4-Chlorotoluene 16.82 0.06




CD-ROM 8260B - 33 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 2 (cont.)



MDLb
Compound Retention Time (minutes)
Column 3a (礸/L)


1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene 16.99 0.06
tert-Butylbenzene 17.31 0.33
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene 17.31 0.09
sec-Butylbenzene 17.47 0.12
1,3-Dichlorobenzene 17.47 0.05
p-Isopropyltoluene 17.63 0.26
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 17.63 0.04
1,2-Dichlorobenzene 17.79 0.05
n-Butylbenzene 17.95 0.10
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane 18.03 0.50
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 18.84 0.20
Naphthalene 19.07 0.10
Hexachlorobutadiene 19.24 0.10
1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene 19.24 0.14


a
Column 3 - 30 meter x 0.32 mm ID DB-5 capillary with 1 祄 film thickness.
b
MDL based on a 25-mL sample volume.




CD-ROM 8260B - 34 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 3

ESTIMATED QUANTITATION LIMITS FOR VOLATILE ANALYTESa



Estimated Quantitation Limits

Low Soil/Sedimentb
5-mL Ground Water 25-mL Ground water
Purge (礸/L) Purge (礸/L) 礸/kg


5 1 5




a
Estimated Quantitation Limit (EQL) - The lowest concentration that can be reliably achieved
within specified limits of precision and accuracy during routine laboratory operating conditions.
The EQL is generally 5 to 10 times the MDL. However, it may be nominally chosen within
these guidelines to simplify data reporting. For many analytes the EQL analyte concentration
is selected for the lowest non-zero standard in the calibration curve. Sample EQLs are highly
matrix-dependent. The EQLs listed herein are provided for guidance and may not always be
achievable. See the following footnote for further guidance on matrix-dependent EQLs.
b
EQLs listed for soil/sediment are based on wet weight. Normally data are reported on a dry
weight basis; therefore, EQLs will be higher, based on the percent dry weight in each sample.




Factorc
Other Matrices



Water miscible liquid waste 50
High concentration soil and sludge 125
Non-water miscible waste 500



c
EQL = [EQL for low soil sediment (Table 3)] x [Factor].

For non-aqueous samples, the factor is on a wet-weight basis.




CD-ROM 8260B - 35 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 4

BFB (4-BROMOFLUOROBENZENE) MASS INTENSITY CRITERIAa



m/z Required Intensity (relative abundance)


50 15 to 40% of m/z 95
75 30 to 60% of m/z 95
95 Base peak, 100% relative abundance
96 5 to 9% of m/z 95
173 Less than 2% of m/z 174
174 Greater than 50% of m/z 95
175 5 to 9% of m/z 174
176 Greater than 95% but less than 101% of m/z 174
177 5 to 9% of m/z 176


a
Alternate tuning criteria may be used, (e.g. CLP, Method 524.2, or manufacturers"
instructions), provided that method performance is not adversely affected.




CD-ROM 8260B - 36 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 5

CHARACTERISTIC MASSES (m/z) FOR PURGEABLE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS



Primary Secondary
Characteristic Characteristic
Compound Ion Ion(s)


Acetone 58 43
Acetonitrile 41 40, 39
Acrolein 56 55, 58
Acrylonitrile 53 52, 51
Allyl alcohol 57 58, 39
Allyl chloride 76 41, 39, 78
Benzene 78 -
Benzyl chloride 91 126, 65, 128
Bromoacetone 136 43, 138, 93, 95
Bromobenzene 156 77, 158
Bromochloromethane 128 49, 130
Bromodichloromethane 83 85, 127
Bromoform 173 175, 254
Bromomethane 94 96
iso-Butanol 74 43
n-Butanol 56 41
2-Butanone 72 43
n-Butylbenzene 91 92, 134
sec-Butylbenzene 105 134
tert-Butylbenzene 119 91, 134
Carbon disulfide 76 78
Carbon tetrachloride 117 119
Chloral hydrate 82 44, 84, 86, 111
Chloroacetonitrile 48 75
Chlorobenzene 112 77, 114
1-Chlorobutane 56 49
Chlorodibromomethane 129 208, 206
Chloroethane 64 (49*) 66 (51*)
2-Chloroethanol 49 44, 43, 51, 80
Bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide 109 111, 158, 160
2-Chloroethyl vinyl ether 63 65, 106
Chloroform 83 85
Chloromethane 50 (49*) 52 (51*)
Chloroprene 53 88, 90, 51
3-Chloropropionitrile 54 49, 89, 91
2-Chlorotoluene 91 126
4-Chlorotoluene 91 126
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane 75 155, 157
Dibromochloromethane 129 127
1,2-Dibromoethane 107 109, 188
Dibromomethane 93 95, 174

CD-ROM 8260B - 37 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 5 (cont.)



Primary Secondary
Characteristic Characteristic
Compound Ion Ion(s)


1,2-Dichlorobenzene 146 111, 148
1,2-Dichlorobenzene-d4 152 115, 150
1,3-Dichlorobenzene 146 111, 148
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 146 111, 148
cis-1,4-Dichloro-2-butene 75 53, 77, 124, 89
trans-1,4-Dichloro-2-butene 53 88, 75
Dichlorodifluoromethane 85 87
1,1-Dichloroethane 63 65, 83
1,2-Dichloroethane 62 98
1,1-Dichloroethene 96 61, 63
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 96 61, 98
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 96 61, 98
1,2-Dichloropropane 63 112
1,3-Dichloropropane 76 78
2,2-Dichloropropane 77 97
1,3-Dichloro-2-propanol 79 43, 81, 49
1,1-Dichloropropene 75 110, 77
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 75 77, 39
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 75 77, 39
1,2,3,4-Diepoxybutane 55 57, 56
Diethyl ether 74 45, 59
1,4-Dioxane 88 58, 43, 57
Epichlorohydrin 57 49, 62, 51
Ethanol 31 45, 27, 46
Ethyl acetate 88 43, 45, 61
Ethylbenzene 91 106
Ethylene oxide 44 43, 42
Ethyl methacrylate 69 41, 99, 86, 114
Hexachlorobutadiene 225 223, 227
Hexachloroethane 201 166, 199, 203
2-Hexanone 43 58, 57, 100
2-Hydroxypropionitrile 44 43, 42, 53
Iodomethane 142 127, 141
Isobutyl alcohol 43 41, 42, 74
Isopropylbenzene 105 120
p-Isopropyltoluene 119 134, 91
Malononitrile 66 39, 65, 38
Methacrylonitrile 41 67, 39, 52, 66
Methyl acrylate 55 85
Methyl-t-butyl ether 73 57
Methylene chloride 84 86, 49
Methyl ethyl ketone 72 43
Methyl iodide 142 127, 141

CD-ROM 8260B - 38 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 5 (cont.)



Primary Secondary
Characteristic Characteristic
Compound Ion Ion(s)


Methyl methacrylate 69 41, 100, 39
4-Methyl-2-pentanone 100 43, 58, 85
Naphthalene 128 -
Nitrobenzene 123 51, 77
2-Nitropropane 46 -
2-Picoline 93 66, 92, 78
Pentachloroethane 167 130, 132, 165, 169
Propargyl alcohol 55 39, 38, 53
$-Propiolactone 42 43, 44
Propionitrile (ethyl cyanide) 54 52, 55, 40
n-Propylamine 59 41, 39
n-Propylbenzene 91 120
Pyridine 79 52
Styrene 104 78
1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene 180 182, 145
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 180 182, 145
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane 131 133, 119
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 83 131, 85
Tetrachloroethene 164 129, 131, 166
Toluene 92 91
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 97 99, 61
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 83 97, 85
Trichloroethene 95 97, 130, 132
Trichlorofluoromethane 151 101, 153
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 75 77
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene 105 120
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene 105 120
Vinyl acetate 43 86
Vinyl chloride 62 64
o-Xylene 106 91
m-Xylene 106 91
p-Xylene 106 91
Internal Standards/Surrogates:
Benzene-d6 84 83
Bromobenzene-d5 82 162
Bromochloromethane-d2 51 131
1,4-Difluorobenzene 114
Chlorobenzene-d5 117
1,4-Dichlorobenzene-d4 152 115, 150
1,1,2-Trichloroethane-d3 100
4-Bromofluorobenzene 95 174, 176
Chloroform-d1 84
Dibromofluoromethane 113

CD-ROM 8260B - 39 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 5 (cont.)



Primary Secondary
Compound Characteristic Characteristic
Ion Ion(s)


Internal Standards/Surrogates
Dichloroethane-d4 102
Toluene-d8 98
Pentafluorobenzene 168
Fluorobenzene 96 77


* Characteristic ion for an ion trap mass spectrometer (to be used when ion-molecule reactions
are observed).




CD-ROM 8260B - 40 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 6

SINGLE LABORATORY ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FOR
PURGEABLE VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN WATER DETERMINED
WITH A WIDE-BORE CAPILLARY COLUMN (METHOD 5030)



Conc. Number Standard
Range of % Deviation
Recoverya of Recoveryb
Compound (礸/L) Samples RSD


Benzene 0.1 - 10 31 97 6.5 5.7
Bromobenzene 0.1 - 10 30 100 5.5 5.5
Bromochloromethane 0.5 - 10 24 90 5.7 6.4
Bromodichloromethane 0.1 - 10 30 95 5.7 6.1
Bromoform 0.5 - 10 18 101 6.4 6.3
Bromomethane 0.5 - 10 18 95 7.8 8.2
n-Butylbenzene 0.5 - 10 18 100 7.6 7.6
sec-Butylbenzene 0.5 - 10 16 100 7.6 7.6
tert-Butylbenzene 0.5 - 10 18 102 7.4 7.3
Carbon tetrachloride 0.5 - 10 24 84 7.4 8.8
Chlorobenzene 0.1 - 10 31 98 5.8 5.9
Chloroethane 0.5 - 10 24 89 8.0 9.0
Chloroform 0.5 - 10 24 90 5.5 6.1
Chloromethane 0.5 - 10 23 93 8.3 8.9
2-Chlorotoluene 0.1 - 10 31 90 5.6 6.2
4-Chlorotoluene 0.1 - 10 31 99 8.2 8.3
1,2-Dibromo-3-Chloropropane 0.5 - 10 24 83 16.6 19.9
Dibromochloromethane 0.1 - 10 31 92 6.5 7.0
1,2-Dibromoethane 0.5 - 10 24 102 4.0 3.9
Dibromomethane 0.5 - 10 24 100 5.6 5.6
1,2-Dichlorobenzene 0.1 - 10 31 93 5.8 6.2
1,3-Dichlorobenzene 0.5 - 10 24 99 6.8 6.9
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 0.2 - 20 31 103 6.6 6.4
Dichlorodifluoromethane 0.5 - 10 18 90 6.9 7.7
1,1-Dichlorobenzene 0.5 - 10 24 96 5.1 5.3
1,2-Dichlorobenzene 0.1 - 10 31 95 5.1 5.4
1,1-Dichloroethene 0.1 - 10 34 94 6.3 6.7
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 0.5 - 10 18 101 6.7 6.7
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 0.1 - 10 30 93 5.2 5.6
1,2-Dichloropropane 0.1 - 10 30 97 5.9 6.1
1,3-Dichloropropane 0.1 - 10 31 96 5.7 6.0
2,2-Dichloropropane 0.5 - 10 12 86 14.6 16.9
1,1-Dichloropropene 0.5 - 10 18 98 8.7 8.9
Ethylbenzene 0.1 - 10 31 99 8.4 8.6
Hexachlorobutadiene 0.5 - 10 18 100 6.8 6.8
Isopropylbenzene 0.5 - 10 16 101 7.7 7.6
p-Isopropyltoluene 0.1 - 10 23 99 6.7 6.7
Methylene chloride 0.1 - 10 30 95 5.0 5.3



CD-ROM 8260B - 41 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 6 (cont.)



Conc. Number Standard
Range of % Deviation
Recoverya of Recoveryb
Compound (礸/L) Samples RSD


Naphthalene 0.1 -100 31 104 8.6 8.2
n-Propylbenzene 0.1 - 10 31 100 5.8 5.8
Styrene 0.1 -100 39 102 7.3 7.2
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane 0.5 - 10 24 90 6.1 6.8
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 0.1 - 10 30 91 5.7 6.3
Tetrachloroethene 0.5 - 10 24 89 6.0 6.8
Toluene 0.5 - 10 18 102 8.1 8.0
1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene 0.5 - 10 18 109 9.4 8.6
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 0.5 - 10 18 108 9.0 8.3
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 0.5 - 10 18 98 7.9 8.1
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 0.5 - 10 18 104 7.6 7.3
Trichloroethene 0.5 - 10 24 90 6.5 7.3
Trichlorofluoromethane 0.5 - 10 24 89 7.2 8.1
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 0.5 - 10 16 108 15.6 14.4
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene 0.5 - 10 18 99 8.0 8.1
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene 0.5 - 10 23 92 6.8 7.4
Vinyl chloride 0.5 - 10 18 98 6.5 6.7
o-Xylene 0.1 - 31 18 103 7.4 7.2
m-Xylene 0.1 - 10 31 97 6.3 6.5
p-Xylene 0.5 - 10 18 104 8.0 7.7


a
Recoveries were calculated using internal standard method. The internal standard was
fluorobenzene.
b
Standard deviation was calculated by pooling data from three concentrations.




CD-ROM 8260B - 42 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 7

SINGLE LABORATORY ACCURACY AND PRECISION DATA FOR
PURGEABLE VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN WATER DETERMINED
WITH A NARROW-BORE CAPILLARY COLUMN (METHOD 5030)



Number Standard
Conc. of % Deviation
Recoverya of Recoveryb
Compound (礸/L) Samples RSD


Benzene 0.1 7 99 6.2 6.3
Bromobenzene 0.5 7 97 7.4 7.6
Bromochloromethane 0.5 7 97 5.8 6.0
Bromodichloromethane 0.1 7 100 4.6 4.6
Bromoform 0.5 7 101 5.4 5.3
Bromomethane 0.5 7 99 7.1 7.2
n-Butylbenzene 0.5 7 94 6.0 6.4
sec-Butylbenzene 0.5 7 110 7.1 6.5
tert-Butylbenzene 0.5 7 110 2.5 2.3
Carbon tetrachloride 0.1 7 108 6.8 6.3
Chlorobenzene 0.1 7 91 5.8 6.4
Chloroethane 0.1 7 100 5.8 5.8
Chloroform 0.1 7 105 3.2 3.0
Chloromethane 0.5 7 101 4.7 4.7
2-Chlorotoluene 0.5 7 99 4.6 4.6
4-Chlorotoluene 0.5 7 96 7.0 7.3
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane 0.5 7 92 10.0 10.9
Dibromochloromethane 0.1 7 99 5.6 5.7
1,2-Dibromoethane 0.5 7 97 5.6 5.8
Dibromomethane 0.5 7 93 5.6 6.0
1,2-Dichlorobenzene 0.1 7 97 3.5 3.6
1,3-Dichlorobenzene 0.1 7 101 6.0 5.9
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 0.1 7 106 6.5 6.1
Dichlorodifluoromethane 0.1 7 99 8.8 8.9
1,1-Dichloroethane 0.5 7 98 6.2 6.3
1,2-Dichloroethane 0.1 7 100 6.3 6.3
1,1-Dichloroethene 0.1 7 95 9.0 9.5
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 0.1 7 100 3.5 3.7
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 0.1 7 98 7.2 7.3
1,2-Dichloropropane 0.5 7 96 6.0 6.3
1,3-Dichloropropane 0.5 7 99 5.8 5.9
2,2-Dichloropropane 0.5 7 99 4.9 4.9
1,1-Dichloropropene 0.5 7 102 7.4 7.3
Ethylbenzene 0.5 7 99 5.2 5.3
Hexachlorobutadiene 0.5 7 100 6.7 6.7
Isopropylbenzene 0.5 7 102 6.4 6.3
p-Isopropyltoluene 0.5 7 113 13.0 11.5
Methylene chloride 0.5 7 97 13.0 13.4
Naphthalene 0.5 7 98 7.2 7.3

CD-ROM 8260B - 43 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 7 (cont.)



Number Standard
Conc. of % Deviation
Recoverya of Recoveryb
Compound (礸/L) Samples RSD


n-Propylbenzene 0.5 7 99 6.6 6.7
Styrene 0.5 7 96 19.0 19.8
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane 0.5 7 100 4.7 4.7
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 0.5 7 100 12.0 12.0
Tetrachloroethene 0.1 7 96 5.0 5.2
Toluene 0.5 7 100 5.9 5.9
1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene 0.5 7 102 8.9 8.7
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 0.5 7 91 16.0 17.6
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 0.5 7 100 4.0 4.0
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 0.5 7 102 4.9 4.8
Trichloroethene 0.1 7 104 2.0 1.9
Trichlorofluoromethane 0.1 7 97 4.6 4.7
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 0.5 7 96 6.5 6.8
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene 0.5 7 96 6.5 6.8
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene 0.5 7 101 4.2 4.2
Vinyl chloride 0.1 7 104 0.2 0.2
o-Xylene 0.5 7 106 7.5 7.1
m-Xylene 0.5 7 106 4.6 4.3
p-Xylene 0.5 7 97 6.1 6.3



a
Recoveries were calculated using internal standard method. Internal standard was
fluorobenzene.




CD-ROM 8260B - 44 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 8

SURROGATE SPIKE RECOVERY LIMITS FOR WATER AND SOIL/SEDIMENT SAMPLES



Surrogate Compound Water Soil/Sediment


4-Bromofluorobenzenea 86-115 74-121
Dibromofluoromethanea 86-118 80-120
Toluene-d8a 88-110 81-117
Dichloroethane-d4a 80-120 80-120



a
Single laboratory data, for guidance only.




TABLE 9

QUANTITY OF EXTRACT REQUIRED FOR ANALYSIS OF HIGH CONCENTRATION SAMPLES



Volume of Extracta
Approximate Concentration Range
(礸/kg)


500 - 10,000 100 礚
1,000 - 20,000 50 礚
5,000 - 100,000 10 礚
100 礚 of 1/50 dilutionb
25,000 - 500,000


Calculate appropriate dilution factor for concentrations exceeding this table.
a
The volume of solvent added to 5 mL of water being purged should be kept constant. Therefore,
add to the 5-mL syringe whatever volume of solvent is necessary to maintain a volume of 100 礚
added to the syringe.
b
Dilute an aliquot of the solvent extract and then take 100 礚 for analysis.




CD-ROM 8260B - 45 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 10

DIRECT INJECTION ANALYSIS OF NEW OIL AT 5 PPM (METHOD 3585)



Blank Spike
Compound Recovery (%) %RSD (ppm) (ppm)


Acetone 91 14.8 1.9 5.0
Benzene 86 21.3 0.1 0.5
n-Butanol*,** 107 27.8 0.5 5.0
iso-Butanol*,** 95 19.5 0.9 5.0
Carbon tetrachloride 86 44.7 0.0 0.5
Carbon disulfide** 53 22.3 0.0 5.0
Chlorobenzene 81 29.3 0.0 5.0
Chloroform 84 29.3 0.0 6.0
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 98 24.9 0.0 7.5
1,2-Dichloroethane 101 23.1 0.0 0.5
1,1-Dichloroethene 97 45.3 0.0 0.7
Diethyl ether 76 24.3 0.0 5.0
Ethyl acetate 113 27.4 0.0 5.0
Ethylbenzene 83 30.1 0.2 5.0
Hexachloroethane 71 30.3 0.0 3.0
Methylene chloride 98 45.3 0.0 5.0
Methyl ethyl ketone 79 24.6 0.4 5.0
MIBK 93 31.4 0.0 5.0
Nitrobenzene 89 30.3 0.0 2.0
Pyridine 31 35.9 0.0 5.0
Tetrachloroethene 82 27.1 0.0 0.7
Trichlorofluoromethane 76 27.6 0.0 5.0
1,1,2-Trichlorotrifluoroethane 69 29.2 0.0 5.0
Toluene 73 21.9 0.6 5.0
Trichloroethene 66 28.0 0.0 0.5
Vinyl chloride 63 35.2 0.0 0.2
o-Xylene 83 29.5 0.4 5.0
m/p-Xylene 84 29.5 0.6 10.0


* Alternate mass employed
** IS quantitation

Data are taken from Reference 9.




CD-ROM 8260B - 46 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 11

SINGLE LABORATORY PERFORMANCE
DATA FOR THE DIRECT INJECTION METHOD - USED OIL (METHOD 3585)



Blank Spike
Compound Recovery (%) %RSD (ppm) (ppm)


Acetone** 105 54 2.0 5.0
Benzene 3135 44 14 0.5
Benzene-d6 56 44 2.9 0.5
n-Butanol** 100 71 12 5.0
iso-Butanol*,** 132 27 0 5.0
Carbon tetrachloride 143 68 0 0.5
Carbon tetrachloride-13C 99 44 5.1 0.5
Carbon disulfide** 95 63 0 5.0
Chlorobenzene 148 71 0 5.0
Chlorobenzene-d5 60 44 3.6 5.0
Chloroform 149 74 0 6.0
Chloroform-d1 51 44 2.6 6.0
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 142 72 0 7.5
1,4-Dichlorobenzene-d4 53 44 3.4 7.5
1,2-Dichloroethane** 191 54 0 0.5
1,1-Dichloroethene* 155 51 0 0.7
1,1-Dichloroethene-d2 68 44 3.4 0.7
Diethyl ether** 95 66 0 5.0
Ethyl acetate*,** 126 39 0 5.0
Ethylbenzene 1298 44 54 5.0
Ethylbenzene-d10 63 44 3.6 5.0
Hexachloroethane 132 72 0 3.0
Hexachloroethane-13C 54 45 3.5 3.0
Methylene chloride** 86 65 0.3 5.0
Methyl ethyl ketone** 107 64 0 5.0
4-Methyl-2-pentanone (MIBK)** 100 74 0.1 5.0
Nitrobenzene 111 80 0 2.0
Nitrobenzene-d5 65 53 4.0 2.0
Pyridine** 68 85 0 5.0
Pyridine-d5 ND -- 0 5.0
Tetrachloroethene** 101 73 0 0.7
Trichlorofluoromethane** 91 70 0 5.0
1,1,2-Cl3F3ethane** 81 70 0 5.0
Toluene 2881 44 128 5.0
Toluene-d8 63 44 3.6 5.0
Trichloroethene 152 57 0 0.5
Trichloroethene-d1 55 44 2.8 0.5


CD-ROM 8260B - 47 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 11 (cont.)



Blank Spike
Compound Recovery (%) %RSD (ppm) (ppm)


Vinyl chloride** 100 69 0 0.2
o-Xylene 2292 44 105 5.0
o-Xylene-d10 76 44 4.2 5.0
m-/p-Xylene 2583 44 253 10.0
p-Xylene-d10 67 44 3.7 10.0


* Alternate mass employed
** IS quantitation
ND = Not Detected

Data are based on seven measurements and are taken from Reference 9.




CD-ROM 8260B - 48 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 12

METHOD DETECTION LIMITS (METHOD 5031)


MDL (礸/L) Concentration Factor
a
Macro Macro Micro
Compound

Acetone 31 25-500 -
Acetonitrile 57 25-500 200
Acrolein - - 100
Acrylonitrile 16 25-500 100
Allyl Alcohol 7 25-500 -
1-Butanol - - 250
Crotonaldehyde 12 25-500 -
1,4-Dioxane 12 25-500 150
Ethyl Acetate - - 100
Isobutyl alcohol 7 25-500 -
Methanol 38 25-500 140
Methyl Ethyl Ketone 16 25-500 -
2-Methyl-1-propanol - - 250
n-Nitroso-di-n-butylamine 14 25-500 -
Paraldehyde 10 25-500 -
2-Picoline 7 25-500 -
1-Propanol - - 240
Propionitrile 11 25-500 200
Pyridine 4 25-500 -
o-Toluidine 13 25-500 -


a
Produced by analysis of seven aliquots of reagent water spiked at 25 ppb at the listed compounds;
calculations based on internal standard technique and use of the following equation:


MDL = 3.134 x Std. Dev. of low concentration spike (ppb).

b
When a 40-mL sample is used, and the first 100 礚 of distillate are collected.



CD-ROM 8260B - 49 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 13

TARGET COMPOUNDS, SURROGATES, AND INTERNAL STANDARDS (METHOD 5031)




Target Compound Surrogate Internal Standard


Acetone d6-Acetone d8-Isopropyl alcohol
Acetonitrile d3-Acetonitrile d8-Isopropyl alcohol
Acrylonitrile d8-Isopropyl alcohol
Allyl alcohol d7-Dimethyl formamide
Crotonaldehyde d8-Isopropyl alcohol
1,4-Dioxane d8-1,4-Dioxane d7-Dimethyl formamide
Isobutyl alcohol d7-Dimethyl formamide
Methanol d3-Methanol d8-Isopropyl alcohol
Methyl ethyl ketone d8-Isopropyl alcohol
N-Nitroso-di-n-butylamine d7-Dimethyl formamide
Paraldehyde d7-Dimethyl formamide
2-Picoline d7-Dimethyl formamide
Propionitrile d8-Isopropyl alcohol
Pyridine d5-Pyridine d7-Dimethyl formamide
o-Toluidine d7-Dimethyl formamide




CD-ROM 8260B - 50 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 14

RECOMMENDED CONCENTRATIONS FOR CALIBRATION SOLUTIONS (METHOD 5031)



Compound Concentration(s) (ng/礚)


Internal Standards

d5-benzyl alcohol 10.0
d14-Diglyme 10.0
d7-Dimethyl formamide 10.0
d8-Isopropyl alcohol 10.0

Surrogates

d6-Acetone 10.0
d3-Acetonitrile 10.0
d8-1,4-Dioxane 10.0
d3-Methanol 10.0
d5-Pyridine 10.0

Target Compounds

Acetone 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
Acetonitrile 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
Acrylonitrile 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
Allyl alcohol 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
Crotonaldehyde 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
1,4-Dioxane 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
Isobutyl alcohol 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
Methanol 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
Methyl ethyl ketone 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
N-Nitroso-di-n-butylamine 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
Paraldehyde 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
2-Picoline 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
Propionitrile 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
Pyridine 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0
o-Toluidine 1.0, 5.0, 10.0, 25.0, 100.0




CD-ROM 8260B - 51 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 15

CHARACTERISTIC IONS AND RETENTION TIMES FOR VOCs (METHOD 5031)


Quantitation Secondary Retention
Iona Time (min)b
Compound Ions


Internal Standards

d8-Isopropyl alcohol 49 1.75
d14-Diglyme 66 98,64 9.07
d7-Dimethyl formamide 50 80 9.20

Surrogates

d6-Acetone 46 64,42 1.03
d3-Methanol 33 35,30 1.75
d3-Acetonitrile 44 42 2.63
d8-1,4-Dioxane 96 64,34 3.97
d5-Pyridine 84 56,79 6.73
d5-Phenolc 99 71 15.43

Target Compounds

Acetone 43 58 1.05
Methanol 31 29 1.52
Methyl ethyl ketone 43 72,57 1.53
Methacrylonitrilec 67 41 2.38
Acrylonitrile 53 52,51 2.53
Acetonitrile 41 40,39 2.73
Methyl isobutyl ketonec 85 100,58 2.78
Propionitrile 54 52,55 3.13
Crotonaldehyde 41 70 3.43
1,4-Dioxane 58 88,57 4.00
Paraldehyde 45 89 4.75
Isobutyl alcohol 43 33,42 5.05
Allyl alcohol 57 39 5.63
Pyridine 79 50,52 6.70
2-Picoline 93 66 7.27
N-Nitroso-di-n-butylamine 84 116 12.82
Anilinec 93 66,92 13.23
o-Toluidine 106 107 13.68
Phenolc 94 66,65 15.43


a
These ions were used for quantitation in selected ion monitoring.
b
GC column: DB-Wax, 30 meter x 0.53 mm, 1 祄 film thickness.
Oven program: 45EC for 4 min, increased to 220EC at 12EC/min.
c
Compound removed from target analyte list due to poor accuracy and precision.


CD-ROM 8260B - 52 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 16

METHOD ACCURACY AND PRECISION BY MEAN PERCENT RECOVERY AND PERCENT
RELATIVE STANDARD DEVIATIONa (METHOD 5031 - MACRODISTILLATION TECHNIQUE)
(Single Laboratory and Single Operator)



25 ppb Spike 100 ppb Spike 500 ppb Spike
Compound Mean %R %RSD Mean %R %RSD Mean %R %RSD


d6-Acetone 66 24 69 14 65 16
d3-Acetonitrile 89 18 80 18 70 10
d8-1,4-Dioxane 56 34 58 11 61 18
d3-Methanol 43 29 48 19 56 14
d5-Pyridine 83 6.3 84 7.8 85 9.0
Acetone 67 45 63 14 60 14
Acetonitrile 44 35 52 15 56 15
Acrylonitrile 49 42 47 27 45 27
Allyl alcohol 69 13 70 9.7 73 10
Crotonaldehyde 68 22 68 13 69 13
1,4-Dioxane 63 25 55 16 54 13
Isobutyl alcohol 66 14 66 5.7 65 7.9
Methanol 50 36 46 22 49 18
Methyl ethyl ketone 55 37 56 20 52 19
N-Nitroso-di- 57 21 61 15 72 18
n-butylamine
Paraldehyde 65 20 66 11 60 8.9
Picoline 81 12 81 6.8 84 8.0
Propionitrile 67 22 69 13 68 13
Pyridine 74 7.4 72 6.7 74 7.3
o-Toluidine 52 31 54 15 58 12


a
Data from analysis of seven aliquots of reagent water spiked at each concentration, using a
quadrapole mass spectrometer in the selected ion monitoring mode.




CD-ROM 8260B - 53 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 17

RECOVERIES IN SAND SAMPLES FORTIFIED AT 4 礸/kg (ANALYSIS BY METHOD 5035)


Recovery per Replicate (ng) Mean
Compound 1 2 3 4 5 Mean RSD Rec

Vinyl chloride 8.0 7.5 6.7 5.4 6.6 6.8 13.0 34.2
Trichlorofluoromethane 13.3 16.5 14.9 13.0 10.3 13.6 15.2 68.0
1,1-Dichloroethene 17.1 16.7 15.1 14.8 15.6 15.9 5.7 79.2
Methylene chloride 24.5 22.7 19.7 19.4 20.6 21.4 9.1 107
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 22.7 23.6 19.4 18.3 20.1 20.8 0.7 104
1,2-Dichloroethane 18.3 18.0 16.7 15.6 15.9 16.9 6.4 84.4
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 26.1 23.1 22.6 20.3 20.8 22.6 9.0 113
Bromochloromethane 24.5 25.4 20.9 20.1 20.1 22.2 10.2 111
Chloroform 26.5 26.0 22.1 18.9 22.1 23.1 12.2 116
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 21.5 23.0 23.9 16.7 31.2 23.4 21.2 117
Carbon tetrachloride 23.6 24.2 22.6 18.3 23.3 22.4 9.4 112
Benzene 22.4 23.9 20.4 17.4 19.2 20.7 11.2 103
Trichloroethene 21.5 20.5 19.2 14.4 19.1 18.9 12.7 94.6
1,2-Dichloropropane 24.9 26.3 23.1 19.0 23.3 23.3 10.5 117
Dibromomethane 25.4 26.4 21.6 20.4 23.6 23.5 9.6 117
Bromodichloromethane 25.7 26.7 24.1 17.9 23.0 23.5 13.1 117
Toluene 28.3 25.0 24.8 16.3 23.6 23.6 16.9 118
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 25.4 24.5 21.6 17.7 22.1 22.2 12.1 111
1,3-Dichloropropane 25.4 24.2 22.7 17.0 22.2 22.3 12.8 112
Dibromochloromethane 26.3 26.2 23.7 18.2 23.2 23.5 12.5 118
Chlorobenzene 22.9 22.5 19.8 14.6 19.4 19.9 15.0 99.3
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane 22.4 27.7 25.1 19.4 22.6 23.4 12.0 117
Ethylbenzene 25.6 25.0 22.1 14.9 24.0 22.3 17.5 112
p-Xylene 22.5 22.0 19.8 13.9 20.3 19.7 15.7 98.5
o-Xylene 24.2 23.1 21.6 14.0 20.4 20.7 17.3 103
Styrene 23.9 21.5 20.9 14.3 20.5 20.2 15.7 101
Bromoform 26.8 25.6 26.0 20.1 23.5 24.4 9.9 122
iso-Propylbenzene 25.3 25.1 24.2 15.4 24.6 22.9 16.6 114
Bromobenzene 19.9 21.8 20.0 15.5 19.1 19.3 10.7 96.3
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 25.9 23.0 25.6 15.9 21.4 22.2 15.8 111
n-Propylbenzene 26.0 23.8 22.6 13.9 21.9 21.6 19.0 106
2-Chlorotoluene 23.6 23.8 21.3 13.0 21.5 20.6 19.2 103
4-Chlorotoluene 21.0 19.7 18.4 12.1 18.3 17.9 17.1 89.5
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene 24.0 22.1 22.5 13.8 22.9 21.1 17.6 105
sec-Butylbenzene 25.9 25.3 27.8 16.1 28.6 24.7 18.1 124
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene 30.6 39.2 22.4 18.0 22.7 26.6 28.2 133
1,3-Dichlorobenzene 20.3 20.6 18.2 13.0 17.6 17.9 15.2 89.7
p-iso-Propyltoluene 21.6 22.1 21.6 16.0 22.8 20.8 11.8 104
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 18.1 21.2 20.0 13.2 17.4 18.0 15.3 90.0
1,2-Dichlorobenzene 18.4 22.5 22.5 15.2 19.9 19.7 13.9 96.6
n-Butylbenzene 13.1 20.3 19.5 10.8 18.7 16.5 23.1 82.4
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 14.5 14.9 15.7 8.8 12.3 13.3 18.8 66.2
Hexachlorobutadiene 17.6 22.5 21.6 13.2 21.6 19.3 18.2 96.3
1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene 14.9 15.9 16.5 11.9 13.9 14.6 11.3 73.1

Data in Tables 17, 18, and 19 are from Reference 15.

CD-ROM 8260B - 54 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 18
RECOVERIES IN C-HORIZON SOILS FORTIFIED AT 4 礸/kg (ANALYSIS BY METHOD 5035)


Recovery per Replicate (ng) Mean
Compound 1 2 3 4 5 Mean RSD Rec

Vinyl chloride 33.4 31.0 30.9 29.7 28.6 30.8 5.2 154
Trichlorofluoromethane 37.7 20.8 20.0 21.8 20.5 24.1 28.2 121
1,1-Dichloroethene 21.7 33.5 39.8 30.2 32.5 31.6 18.5 158
Methylene chloride 20.9 19.4 18.7 18.3 18.4 19.1 5.1 95.7
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 21.8 18.9 20.4 17.9 17.8 19.4 7.9 96.8
1,1-Dichloroethane 23.8 21.9 21.3 21.3 20.5 21.8 5.2 109
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 21.6 18.8 18.5 18.2 18.2 19.0 6.7 95.2
Bromochloromethane 22.3 19.5 19.3 19.0 19.2 20.0 6.0 100
Chloroform 20.5 17.1 17.3 16.5 15.9 17.5 9.2 87.3
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 16.4 11.9 10.7 9.5 9.4 11.6 22.4 57.8
Carbon tetrachloride 13.1 11.3 13.0 11.8 11.2 12.1 6.7 60.5
Benzene 21.1 19.3 18.7 18.2 16.9 18.8 7.4 94.1
Trichloroethene 19.6 16.4 16.5 16.5 15.5 16.9 8.3 84.5
1,2-Dichloropropane 21.8 19.0 18.3 18.8 16.5 18.9 9.0 94.4
Dibromomethane 20.9 17.9 17.9 17.2 18.3 18.4 6.9 92.1
Bromodichloromethane 20.9 18.0 18.9 18.2 17.3 18.6 6.6 93.2
Toluene 22.2 17.3 18.8 17.0 15.9 18.2 12.0 91.2
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 21.0 16.5 17.2 17.2 16.5 17.7 9.6 88.4
1,3-Dichloropropane 21.4 17.3 18.7 18.6 16.7 18.5 8.8 92.6
Dibromochloromethane 20.9 18.1 19.0 18.8 16.6 18.7 7.5 93.3
Chlorobenzene 20.8 18.4 17.6 16.8 14.8 17.7 11.2 88.4
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane 19.5 19.0 17.8 17.2 16.5 18.0 6.2 90.0
Ethylbenzene 21.1 18.3 18.5 16.9 15.3 18.0 10.6 90.0
p-Xylene 20.0 17.4 18.2 16.3 14.4 17.3 10.9 86.3
o-Xylene 20.7 17.2 16.8 16.2 14.8 17.1 11.4 85.7
Styrene 18.3 15.9 16.2 15.3 13.7 15.9 9.3 79.3
Bromoform 20.1 15.9 17.1 17.5 16.1 17.3 8.6 86.7
iso-Propylbenzene 21.0 18.1 19.2 18.4 15.6 18.4 9.6 92.2
Bromobenzene 20.4 16.2 17.2 16.7 15.4 17.2 10.1 85.9
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 23.3 17.9 21.2 18.8 16.8 19.6 12.1 96.0
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 18.4 14.6 15.6 16.1 15.6 16.1 8.0 80.3
n-Propylbenzene 20.4 18.9 17.9 17.0 14.3 17.7 11.6 88.4
2-Chlorotoluene 19.1 17.3 16.1 16.0 14.4 16.7 9.2 83.6
4-Chlorotoluene 19.0 15.5 16.8 15.9 13.6 16.4 10.6 81.8
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene 20.8 18.0 17.4 16.1 14.7 17.4 11.7 86.9
sec-Butylbenzene 21.4 18.3 18.9 17.0 14.9 18.1 11.8 90.5
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene 20.5 18.6 16.8 15.3 13.7 17.0 14.1 85.0
1,3-Dichlorobenzene 17.6 15.9 15.6 14.2 14.4 15.6 7.9 77.8
p-iso-Propyltoluene 20.5 17.0 17.1 15.6 13.4 16.7 13.9 83.6
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 18.5 13.8 14.8 16.7 14.9 15.7 10.5 78.7
1,2-Dichlorobenzene 18.4 15.0 15.4 15.3 13.5 15.5 10.5 77.6
n-Butylbenzene 19.6 15.9 15.9 14.4 18.9 16.9 11.7 84.6
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 15.2 17.2 17.4 13.6 12.1 15.1 13.5 75.4
Hexachlorobutadiene 18.7 16.2 15.5 13.8 16.6 16.1 10.0 80.7
Naphthalene 13.9 11.1 10.2 10.8 11.4 11.5 11.0 57.4
1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene 14.9 15.2 16.8 13.7 12.7 14.7 9.5 73.2



CD-ROM 8260B - 55 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 19
RECOVERIES IN GARDEN SOIL FORTIFIED AT 4 礸/kg (ANALYSIS BY METHOD 5035)


Recovery per Replicate (ng) Mean
Compound 1 2 3 4 5 Mean RSD Rec

Vinyl chloride 12.7 10.9 9.8 8.1 7.2 9.7 20.2 48.7
Trichlorofluoromethane 33.7 6.4 30.3 27.8 22.9 24.2 39.6 121
1,1-Dichloroethene 27.7 20.5 24.1 15.1 13.2 20.1 26.9 101
Methylene chloride 25.4 23.9 24.7 22.2 24.2 24.1 4.4 120
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 2.8 3.0 3.3 2.2 2.4 2.7 15.0 13.6
1,1-Dichloroethane 24.1 26.3 27.0 20.5 21.2 23.8 11.0 119
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 8.3 10.2 8.7 5.8 6.4 7.9 20.1 39.4
Bromochloromethane 11.1 11.8 10.2 8.8 9.0 10.2 11.2 50.9
Chloroform 16.7 16.9 17.0 13.8 15.0 15.9 7.9 79.3
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 24.6 22.8 22.1 16.2 20.9 21.3 13.4 107
Carbon tetrachloride 19.4 20.3 22.2 20.0 20.2 20.4 4.6 102
Benzene 21.4 22.0 22.4 19.6 20.4 21.2 4.9 106
Trichloroethene 12.4 16.5 14.9 9.0 9.9 12.5 22.9 62.7
1,2-Dichloropropane 19.0 18.8 19.7 16.0 17.6 18.2 7.1 91.0
Dibromomethane 7.3 8.0 6.9 5.6 6.8 6.9 11.3 34.6
Bromodichloromethane 14.9 15.9 15.9 12.8 13.9 14.7 8.3 73.3
Toluene 42.6 39.3 45.1 39.9 45.3 42.4 5.9 212
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 13.9 15.2 1.4 21.3 14.9 15.9 17.0 79.6
1,3-Dichloropropane 13.3 16.7 11.3 10.9 9.5 12.3 20.3 61.7
Dibromochloromethane 14.5 13.1 14.5 11.9 14.4 13.7 7.6 68.3
Chlorobenzene 8.4 10.0 8.3 6.9 7.8 8.3 12.1 41.3
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane 16.7 16.7 15.6 15.8 15.7 16.1 3.2 80.4
Ethylbenzene 22.1 21.4 23.1 20.1 22.6 21.9 4.8 109
p-Xylene 41.4 38.4 43.8 38.3 44.0 41.2 6.1 206
o-Xylene 31.7 30.8 34.3 30.4 33.2 32.1 4.6 160
Styrene 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bromoform 8.6 8.9 9.1 7.0 7.7 8.3 9.4 41.4
iso-Propylbenzene 18.1 18.8 9.7 18.3 19.6 18.9 3.5 94.4
Bromobenzene 5.1 5.4 5.3 4.4 4.0 4.8 11.6 24.1
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 14.0 13.5 14.7 15.3 17.1 14.9 8.5 74.5
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 11.0 12.7 11.7 11.7 11.9 11.8 4.5 59.0
n-Propylbenzene 13.4 13.3 14.7 12.8 13.9 13.6 4.7 68.1
2-Chlorotoluene 8.3 9.0 11.7 8.7 7.9 9.1 14.8 45.6
4-Chlorotoluene 5.1 5.4 5.5 4.8 4.5 5.0 7.9 25.2
1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene 31.3 27.5 33.0 31.1 33.6 31.3 6.8 157
sec-Butylbenzene 13.5 13.4 16.4 13.8 15.4 14.5 8.3 72.5
1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene 38.7 32.4 40.8 34.1 40.3 37.3 9.1 186
1,3-Dichlorobenzene 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.0 3.2 3.4 8.0 17.2
p-iso-Propyltoluene 14.7 14.1 16.1 13.9 15.1 14.8 5.2 73.8
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 3.0 3.5 3.3 2.6 2.8 3.0 10.2 15.0
1,2-Dichlorobenzene 3.6 4.3 4.0 3.5 3.6 3.8 8.3 19.0
n-Butylbenzene 17.4 13.8 14.0 18.9 24.0 17.6 21.2 88.0
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 2.8 2.9 3.3 2.6 3.2 3.0 8.5 15.0
Hexachlorobutadiene 4.8 4.0 6.1 5.6 6.0 5.3 15.1 26.4
Naphthalene 5.5 5.1 5.5 4.7 5.6 5.3 6.2 26.5
1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.2 2.3 2.3 3.5 11.4
Data in Table 19 are from Reference 15.


CD-ROM 8260B - 56 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 20

VOLATILE ORGANIC ANALYTE RECOVERY FROM SOIL
USING VACUUM DISTILLATION (METHOD 5032)a



Soil/H2Ob Soil/Oilc Soil/Oil/H2O
Recovery Recovery Recovery
Compound Mean RSD Mean RSD Mean RSD


Chloromethane 61 20 40 18 108 68
Bromomethane 58 20 47 13 74 13
Vinyl chloride 54 12 46 11 72 20
Chloroethane 46 10 41 8 52 14
Methylene chloride 60 2 65 8 76 11
INTe
Acetone INT 44 8
Carbon disulfide 47 13 53 10 47 4
1,1-Dichloroethene 48 9 47 5 58 3
1,1-Dichloroethane 61 6 58 9 61 6
trans-1,2-Trichloroethane 54 7 60 7 56 5
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 60 4 72 6 63 8
Chloroform 104 11 93 6 114 15
1,2-Dichloroethane 177 50 117 8 151 22
2-Butanone INT 36 38 INT
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 124 13 72 16 134 26
Carbon tetrachloride 172 122 INT INT
Vinyl acetate 88 11 INT
Bromodichloromethane 93 4 91 23 104 23
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 96 13 50 12 104 7
1,2-Dichloropropane 105 8 102 6 111 6
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 134 10 84 16 107 8
Trichloroethene 98 9 99 10 100 5
Dibromochloromethane 119 8 125 31 142 16
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 126 10 72 16 97 4
CONTf
Benzene 99 7 CONT
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 123 12 94 13 112 9
Bromoform 131 13 58 18 102 9
2-Hexanone 155 18 164 19 173 29
4-Methyl-2-pentanone 152 20 185 20 169 18
Tetrachloroethene 90 9 123 14 128 7
Toluene 94 3 CONT CONT
Chlorobenzene 98 7 93 18 112 5
Ethylbenzene 114 13 CONT CONT
Styrene 106 8 93 18 112 5
p-Xylene 97 9 CONT CONT
o-Xylene 105 8 112 12 144 13




CD-ROM 8260B - 57 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 20 (cont.)



Soil/H2Ob Soil/Oilc Soil/Oil/H2O
Recovery Recovery Recovery
Compound Mean RSD Mean RSD Mean RSD


Surrogates

1,2-Dichloroethane 177 50 117 8 151 22
Toluene-d8 96 6 79 12 82 6
Bromofluorobenzene 139 13 37 13 62 5



a
Results are for 10 min. distillations times, and condenser temperature held at -10EC. A 30 m x
0.53 mm ID stable wax column with a 1 祄 film thickness was used for chromatography.
Standards and samples were replicated and precision value reflects the propagated errors. Each
analyte was spiked at 50 ppb. Vacuum distillation efficiencies (Method 5032) are modified by
internal standard corrections. Method 8260 internal standards may introduce bias for some
analytes. See Method 5032 to identify alternate internal standards with similar efficiencies to
minimize bias.
b
Soil samples spiked with 0.2 mL water containing analytes and then 5 mL water added to make
slurry.
c
Soil sample + 1 g cod liver oil, spiked with 0.2 mL water containing analytes.
d
Soil samples + 1 g cod liver oil, spiked as above with 5 mL of water added to make slurry.
e
Interference by co-eluting compounds prevented accurate measurement of analyte.
f
Contamination of sample matrix by analyte prevented assessment of efficiency.




CD-ROM 8260B - 58 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 21

VACUUM DISTILLATION EFFICIENCIES FOR VOLATILE ORGANIC ANALYTES
IN FISH TISSUE (METHOD 5032)a


Efficiency
Compound Mean (%) RSD (%)


N/Ab
Chloromethane
N/Ab
Bromomethane
N/Ab
Vinyl chloride
N/Ab
Chloroethane
CONTc
Methylene chloride
CONTc
Acetone
Carbon disulfide 79 36
1,1-Dichloroethene 122 39
1,1-Dichloroethane 126 35
trans-1,2-Trichloroethene 109 46
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 106 22
Chloroform 111 32
1,2-Dichloroethane 117 27
INTd
2-Butanone
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 106 30
Carbon tetrachloride 83 34
INTd
Vinyl acetate
Bromodichloromethane 97 22
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 67 20
1,2-Dichloropropane 117 23
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 92 22
Trichloroethene 98 31
Dibromochloromethane 71 19
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 92 20
Benzene 129 35
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 102 24
Bromoform 58 19
INTd
2-Hexanone
4-Methyl-2-pentanone 113 37
Tetrachloroethene 66 20
CONTc
Toluene
Chlorobenzene 65 19
Ethylbenzene 74 19
Styrene 57 14
p-Xylene 46 13
o-Xylene 83 20




CD-ROM 8260B - 59 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 21 (cont.)



Efficiency
Compound Mean (%) RSD (%)


Surrogates

1,2-Dichloroethane 115 27
Toluene-d8 88 24
Bromofluorobenzene 52 15



a
Results are for 10 min. distillation times and condenser temperature held at -10EC. Five replicate
10-g aliquots of fish spiked at 25 ppb were analyzed using GC/MS external standard quantitation.
A 30 m x 0.53 mm ID stable wax column with a 1 祄 film thickness was used for
chromatography. Standards were replicated and results reflect 1 sigma propagated standard
deviation.
b
No analyses.
c
Contamination of sample matrix by analyte prevented accurate assessment of analyte efficiency.
d
Interfering by co-eluting compounds prevented accurate measurement of analyte.




CD-ROM 8260B - 60 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 22

METHOD DETECTION LIMITS (MDL) FOR VOLATILE ORGANIC ANALYTES
IN FISH TISSUE (METHOD 5032)a



Method Detection Limit (ppb)
External Internal
Compound Standard Method Standard Method


Chloromethane 7.8 7.3
Bromomethane 9.7 9.8
Vinyl chloride 9.5 9.4
Chloroethane 9.2 10.0
CONTb CONTb
Methylene chloride
CONTb CONTb
Acetone
Carbon disulfide 5.4 4.9
1,1-Dichloroethene 4.0 5.7
1,1-Dichloroethane 4.0 3.5
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 4.4 4.0
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 4.7 4.1
Chloroform 5.6 5.0
1,2-Dichloroethane 3.3 3.2
INTc INTc
2-Butanone
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 1.1 4.2
Carbon tetrachloride 3.2 3.5
INTc INTc
Vinyl acetate
Bromodichloromethane 3.2 2.8
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 4.4 3.8
1,2-Dichloropropane 3.8 3.7
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 3.4 3.0
Trichloroethene 3.1 4.0
Dibromochloromethane 3.5 3.2
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 4.4 3.3
Benzene 3.6 3.2
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 3.5 3.0
Bromoform 4.9 4.0
2-Hexanone 7.7 8.0
4-Methyl-2-pentanone 7.5 8.0
Tetrachloroethene 4.3 4.0
Toluene 3.0 2.5
Chlorobenzene 3.3 2.8
Ethylbenzene 3.6 3.5
Styrene 3.5 3.3
p-Xylene 3.7 3.5
o-Xylene 3.3 4.7


Footnotes are on the following page.


CD-ROM 8260B - 61 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 22 (cont.)


a
Values shown are the average MDLs for studies on three non-consecutive days, involving seven
replicate analyses of 10 g of fish tissue spiked a 5 ppb. Daily MDLs were calculated as three
times the standard deviation. Quantitation was performed by GC/MS Method 8260 and
separation with a 30 m x 0.53 mm ID stable wax column with a 1 祄 film thickness.
b
Contamination of sample by analyte prevented determination.
c
Interference by co-eluting compounds prevented accurate quantitation.




CD-ROM 8260B - 62 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 23

VOLATILE ORGANIC ANALYTES RECOVERY FOR WATER
USING VACUUM DISTILLATION (METHOD 5032)a



5 mL H2Ob 20 mL H2Oc 20 mL H2O/Oil
Recovery Recovery Recovery
Compound Mean RSD Mean RSD Mean RSD


Chloromethane 114 27 116 29 176 67
Bromomethane 131 14 121 14 113 21
Vinyl chloride 131 13 120 16 116 23
Chloroethane 110 15 99 8 96 16
Methylene chloride 87 16 105 15 77 6
Acetone 83 22 65 34 119 68
Carbon disulfide 138 17 133 23 99 47
1,1-Dichloroethene 105 11 89 4 96 18
1,1-Dichloroethane 118 10 119 11 103 25
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 105 11 107 14 96 18
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 106 7 99 5 104 23
Chloroform 114 6 104 8 107 21
1,2-Dichloroethane 104 6 109 8 144 19
INTc
2-Butanone 83 50 106 31
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 118 9 109 9 113 23
Carbon tetrachloride 102 6 108 12 109 27
Vinyl acetate 90 16 99 7 72 36
Bromodichloromethane 104 3 110 5 99 5
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 85 17 81 7 111 43
1,2-Dichloropropane 100 6 103 2 104 7
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 105 8 105 4 92 4
Trichloroethene 98 4 99 2 95 5
Dibromochloroethane 99 8 99 6 90 25
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 98 7 100 4 76 12
Benzene 97 4 100 5 112 10
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 106 5 105 4 98 3
Bromoform 93 16 94 8 57 21
2-Hexanone 60 17 63 16 78 23
4-Methyl-2-pentanone 79 24 63 14 68 15
Tetrachloroethene 101 3 97 7 77 14
Toluene 100 6 97 8 85 5
Chlorobenzene 98 6 98 4 88 16
Ethylbenzene 100 3 92 8 73 13
Styrene 98 4 97 9 88 16
p-Xylene 96 4 94 8 60 12
o-Xylene 96 7 95 6 72 14




CD-ROM 8260B - 63 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 23 (cont.)



5 mL H2Ob 20 mL H2Oc 20 mL H2O/Oil
Recovery Recovery Recovery
Compound Mean RSD Mean RSD Mean RSD


Surrogates

1,2-Dichloroethane 104 6 109 6 144 19
Toluene-d8 104 5 102 2 76 7
Bromofluorobenzene 106 6 106 9 40 8


a
Results are for 10 min. distillation times, and condenser temperature held at -10EC. A 30 m x 0.53
mm ID stable wax column with a 1 祄 film thickness was used for chromatography. Standards
and samples were replicated and precision values reflect the propagated errors. Concentrations
of analytes were 50 ppb for 5-mL samples and 25 ppb for 20-mL samples. Recovery data
generated with comparison to analyses of standards without the water matrix.
b
Sample contained 1 gram cod liver oil and 20 mL water. An emulsion was created by adding 0.2
mL of water saturated with lecithin.
c
Interference by co-eluting compounds prevented accurate assessment of recovery.




CD-ROM 8260B - 64 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 24

METHOD DETECTION LIMITS (MDL) FOR VOLATILE ORGANIC ANALYTES
USING VACUUM DISTILLATION (METHOD 5032) (INTERNAL STANDARD METHOD)a



Waterb Soilc Tissued Oile
Compound (礸/L) (礸/kg) (礸/kg) (mg/kg)


N/Af
Chloromethane 3.2 8.0 7.3
N/Af
Bromomethane 2.8 4.9 9.8
N/Af
Vinyl chloride 3.5 6.0 9.4
N/Af
Chloroethane 5.9 6.0 10.0
CONTg
Methylene chloride 3.1 4.0 0.05
CONTg CONTg
Acetone 5.6 0.06
Carbon disulfide 2.5 2.0 4.9 0.18
1,1-Dichloroethene 2.9 3.2 5.7 0.18
1,1-Dichloroethane 2.2 2.0 3.5 0.14
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 2.2 1.4 4.0 0.10
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 2.0 2.3 4.1 0.07
Chloroform 2.4 1.8 5.0 0.07
1,2-Dichloroethane 1.7 1.5 3.2 0.06
INTh INTh INTh
2-Butanone 7.4
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 1.8 1.7 4.2 0.10
Carbon tetrachloride 1.4 1.5 3.5 0.13
INTh INTh INTh
Vinyl acetate 11.8
Bromodichloromethane 1.6 1.4 2.8 0.06
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 2.5 2.1 3.8 0.02
1,2-Dichloropropane 2.2 2.1 3.7 0.15
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 1.5 1.7 3.0 0.05
Trichloroethene 1.6 1.7 4.0 0.04
Dibromochloromethane 1.7 1.5 3.2 0.07
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 2.1 1.7 3.3 0.05
Benzene 0.5 1.5 3.2 0.05
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 1.4 1.7 3.0 0.04
Bromoform 1.8 1.5 4.0 0.05
INTh
2-Hexanone 4.6 3.6 8.0
INTh
4-Methyl-2-pentanone 3.5 4.6 8.0
Tetrachloroethene 1.4 1.6 4.0 0.10
Toluene 1.0 3.3 2.5 0.05
Chlorobenzene 1.4 1.4 2.8 0.06
Ethylbenzene 1.5 2.8 3.5 0.04
Styrene 1.4 1.4 3.3 0.18
p-Xylene 1.5 2.9 3.5 0.20
o-Xylene 1.7 3.4 4.7 0.07


Footnotes are found on the following page.



CD-ROM 8260B - 65 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 24 (cont.)



a
Quantitation was performed using GC/MS Method 8260 and chromatographic separation with
a 30 m x 0.53 mm ID stable wax column with a 1 祄 film thickness. Method detection limits
are the average MDLs for studies on three non-consecutive days.
b
Method detection limits are the average MDLs for studies of three non-consecutive days. Daily
studies were seven replicated analyses of 5 mL aliquots of 4 ppb soil. Daily MDLs were three
times the standard deviation.
c
Daily studies were seven replicated analyses of 10 g fish tissue spiked at 5 ppb. Daily MDLs
were three times the standard deviation. Quantitation was performed using GC/MS Method
8260 and chromatographic separation with a 30 m x 0.53 mm ID stable wax column with a 1
祄 film thickness.
d
Method detection limits are estimated analyzing 1 g of cod liver oil samples spiked at 250 ppm.
Five replicates were analyzed using Method 8260.
e
No analyses.
f
Contamination of sample by analyte prevented determination.
g
Interference by co-eluting compounds prevented accurate quantitation.




CD-ROM 8260B - 66 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 25

METHOD DETECTION LIMITS (MDL) FOR VOLATILE ORGANIC ANALYTES
(METHOD 5032) (EXTERNAL STANDARD METHOD)a



Waterb Soilc Tissued Oile
Compound (礸/L) (礸/kg) (礸/kg) (mg/kg)


8.6f N/Ag
Chloromethane 3.1 7.8
4.9f N/Ag
Bromomethane 2.5 9.7
7.1f N/Ag
Vinyl chloride 4.0 9.5
7.5f N/Ag
Chloroethane 6.1 9.2
CONTh
Methylene chloride 3.1 3.3 0.08
33.0f CONTh CONTh
Acetone 0.12
Carbon disulfide 2.5 3.2 5.4 0.19
1,1-Dichloroethene 3.4 3.8 4.0 0.19
1,1-Dichloroethane 2.3 1.7 4.0 0.13
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 3.0 3.2 4.4 0.09
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 2.4 2.7 4.7 0.08
Chloroform 2.7 2.6 5.6 0.06
1,2-Dichloroethane 1.6 1.7 3.3 0.06
57.0f INTi INTi INTi
2-Butanone
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 1.6 2.4 1.1 0.08
Carbon tetrachloride 1.5 1.7 3.2 0.15
23.0f INTi INTi INTi
Vinyl acetate
Bromodichloromethane 2.0 2.3 3.2 0.05
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 3.6 3.2 4.4 0.09
1,2-Dichloropropane 2.9 3.7 3.8 0.12
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 2.3 2.4 3.8 0.08
Trichloroethene 2.5 3.0 3.1 0.06
Dibromochloromethane 2.1 2.9 3.5 0.04
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 2.7 2.8 4.4 0.07
Benzene 1.7 2.9 3.6 0.03
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 2.1 2.5 3.5 0.06
Bromoform 2.3 2.5 4.9 0.10
INTi
2-Hexanone 4.6 4.6 7.7
INTi
4-Methyl-2-pentanone 3.8 3.9 7.5
Tetrachloroethene 1.8 2.6 4.3 0.12
Toluene 1.8 4.4 3.0 0.09
Chlorobenzene 2.4 2.6 3.3 0.07
Ethylbenzene 2.4 4.1 3.6 0.09
Styrene 2.0 2.5 3.5 0.16
p-Xylene 2.3 3.9 3.7 0.18
o-Xylene 2.4 4.1 3.3 0.08




CD-ROM 8260B - 67 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 25 (cont.)



a
Method detection limits are the average MDLs for studies on three non-consecutive days. Daily
studies were seven replicate analyses of 5-mL aliquots of water spiked at 4 ppb. Daily MDLs
were three times the standard deviation.
b
Daily studies were seven replicate analyses of 5-mL aliquots of water spiked at 4 ppb.
c
These studies were seven replicate analyses of 5-g aliquots of soil spiked at 4 ppb.
d
These studies were seven replicate analyses of 10-g aliquots of fish tissue spiked at 5 ppb.
e
Method detection limits were estimated by analyzing cod liver oil samples spiked at 250 ppb.
Five replicates were analyzed using Method 8260.
f
Method detection limits were estimated by analyzing replicate 50 ppb standards five times over
a single day.
g
No analyses.
h
Contamination of sample by analyte prevented determination.
I
Interference by co-eluting compound prevented accurate quantitation.




CD-ROM 8260B - 68 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 26

VOLATILE ORGANIC ANALYTE RECOVERY FROM OIL
USING VACUUM DISTILLATION (METHOD 5032)a



Recovery
Compound Mean (%) RSD (%)


N/Ab
Chloromethane
N/Ab
Bromomethane
N/Ab
Vinyl chloride
N/Ab
Chloroethane
Methylene chloride 62 32
Acetone 108 55
Carbon disulfide 98 46
1,1-Dichloroethene 97 24
1,1-Dichloroethane 96 22
trans-1,2-Trichloroethene 86 23
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 99 11
Chloroform 93 14
1,2-Dichloroethane 138 31
INTc
2-Butanone
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 89 14
Carbon tetrachloride 129 23
INTc
Vinyl acetate
Bromodichloromethane 106 14
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 205 46
1,2-Dichloropropane 107 24
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 98 13
Trichloroethene 102 8
Dibromochloromethane 168 21
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 95 7
Benzene 146 10
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 98 11
Bromoform 94 18
INTc
2-Hexanone
INTc
4-Methyl-2-pentanone
Tetrachloroethene 117 22
Toluene 108 8
Chlorobenzene 101 12
Ethylbenzene 96 10
Styrene 120 46
p-Xylene 87 23
o-Xylene 90 10




CD-ROM 8260B - 69 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 26 (cont.)



Recovery
Compound Mean (%) RSD (%)


Surrogates

1,2-Dichloroethane 137 30
Toluene-d8 84 6
Bromofluorobenzene 48 2


a
Results are for 10 min. distillation times and condenser temperature held at -10EC. Five replicates
of 10-g fish aliquots spiked at 25 ppb were analyzed. Quantitation was performed with a 30 m x
0.53 mm ID stable wax column with a 1 祄 film thickness. Standards and samples were
replicated and precision value reflects the propagated errors. Vacuum distillation efficiencies
(Method 5032) are modified by internal standard corrections. Method 8260 internal standards may
bias for some analytes. See Method 5032 to identify alternate internal standards with similar
efficiencies to minimize bias.
b
Not analyzed.
c
Interference by co-evaluating compounds prevented accurate measurement of analyte.




CD-ROM 8260B - 70 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 27

METHOD DETECTION LIMITS (MDL) FOR VOLATILE ORGANIC ANALYTES
IN OIL (METHOD 5032)a



Method Detection Limit (ppb)
External Internal
Compound Standard Method Standard Method


N/Ab N/Ab
Chloromethane
N/Ab N/Ab
Bromomethane
N/Ab N/Ab
Vinyl chloride
N/Ab N/Ab
Chloroethane
Methylene chloride 80 50
Acetone 120 60
Carbon disulfide 190 180
1,1-Dichloroethene 190 180
1,1-Dichloroethane 130 140
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 90 100
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 80 70
Chloroform 60 70
1,2-Dichloroethane 60 60
INTc INTc
2-Butanone
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 80 100
Carbon tetrachloride 150 130
INTc INTc
Vinyl acetate
Bromodichloromethane 50 60
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 90 20
1,2-Dichloropropane 120 150
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 80 50
Trichloroethene 60 40
Dibromochloromethane 40 70
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 70 50
Benzene 30 50
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 60 40
Bromoform 100 50
INTc INTc
2-Hexanone
INTc INTc
4-Methyl-2-pentanone
Tetrachloroethene 120 100
Toluene 90 50
Chlorobenzene 70 60
Ethylbenzene 90 40
Styrene 160 180
p-Xylene 180 200
o-Xylene 80 70




CD-ROM 8260B - 71 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 27 (cont.)



a
Method detection limits are estimated as the result of five replicated analyses of 1 g cod liver
oil spiked at 25 ppb. MDLs were calculated as three times the standard deviation. Quantitation
was performed using a 30 m x 0.53 mm ID stable wax column with a 1 祄 film thickness.
b
No analyses.
c
Interference by co-eluting compounds prevented accurate quantitation.




CD-ROM 8260B - 72 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 28

INTERNAL STANDARDS FOR ANALYTES AND SURROGATES PREPARED USING EQUILIBRIUM HEADSPACE ANALYSIS
(METHOD 5021)



Chloroform-d1 1,1,2-TCA-d3 Bromobenzene-d5


Dichlorodifluoromethane 1,1,1-Trichloroethane Chlorobenzene
Chloromethane 1,1-Dichloropropene Bromoform
Vinyl chloride Carbon tetrachloride Styrene
Bromomethane Benzene iso-Propylbenzene
Chloroethane Dibromomethane Bromobenzene
Trichlorofluoromethane 1,2-Dichloropropane n-Propylbenzene
1,1-Dichloroethene Trichloroethene 2-Chlorotoluene
Methylene chloride Bromodichloromethane 4-Chlorotoluene
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 1,3,5-Trimethylbenzene
1,1-Dichloroethane trans-1,3-Dichloropropene tert-Butylbenzene
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 1,1,2-Trichloroethane 1,2,4-Trimethylbenzene
Bromochloromethane Toluene sec-Butylbenzene
Chloroform 1,3-Dichloropropane 1,3-Dichlorobenzene
2,2-Dichloropropane Dibromochloromethane 1,4-Dichlorobenzene
1,2-Dichloroethane 1,2-Dibromoethane p-iso-Propyltoluene
Tetrachloroethene 1,2-Dichlorobenzene
1,1,2-Trichloroethane n-Butylbenzene
Ethylbenzene 1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane
m-Xylene 1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene
p-Xylene Naphthalene
o-Xylene Hexachlorobutadiene
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene
1,2,3-Trichloropropane




CD-ROM 8260B- 73 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 29

PRECISION AND MDL DETERMINED FOR ANALYSIS OF FORTIFIED SANDa (METHOD 5021)



Compound % RSD MDL (礸/kg)


Benzene 3.0 0.34
Bromochloromethane 3.4 0.27
Bromodichloromethane 2.4 0.21
Bromoform 3.9 0.30
Bromomethane 11.6 1.3
Carbon tetrachloride 3.6 0.32
Chlorobenzene 3.2 0.24
Chloroethane 5.6 0.51
Chloroform 3.1 0.30
3.5b
Chloromethane 4.1
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloropropane 5.7 0.40
1,2-Dibromoethane 3.2 0.29
Dibromomethane 2.8 0.20
1,2-Dichlorobenzene 3.3 0.27
1,3-Dichlorobenzene 3.4 0.24
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 3.7 0.30
Dichlorodifluoromethane 3.0 0.28
1,1-Dichloroethane 4.5 0.41
1,2-Dichloroethane 3.0 0.24
1,1-Dichloroethene 3.3 0.28
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 3.2 0.27
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 2.6 0.22
1,2-Dichloropropane 2.6 0.21
1,1-Dichloropropene 3.2 0.30
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 3.4 0.27
Ethylbenzene 4.8 0.47
Hexachlorobutadiene 4.1 0.38
0.62c
Methylene chloride 8.2
3.4c
Naphthalene 16.8
Styrene 7.9 0.62
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane 3.6 0.27
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 2.6 0.20
1.2c
Tetrachloroethene 9.8
Toluene 3.5 0.38
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 4.2 0.44
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 2.7 0.27
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 2.6 0.20
Trichloroethene 2.3 0.19




CD-ROM 8260B- 74 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 29 (cont.)



Compound % RSD MDL (礸/kg)


Trichlorofluoromethane 2.7 0.31
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 1.5 0.11
Vinyl chloride 4.8 0.45
m-Xylene/p-Xylene 3.6 0.37
o-Xylene 3.6 0.33


a
Most compounds spiked at 2 ng/g (2 礸/kg)
b
Incorrect ionization due to methanol
c
Compound detected in unfortified sand at >1 ng




CD-ROM 8260B- 75 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 30

RECOVERIES IN GARDEN SOIL FORTIFIED AT 20 礸/kg (ANALYSIS BY METHOD 5021)



Recovery per Replicate (ng) Mean Recovery
Compound Sample 1 Sample 2 Sample 3 (ng) RSD (%)


185a
Benzene 37.6 35.2 38.4 37.1 3.7
Bromochloromethane 20.5 19.4 20.0 20.0 2.3 100
Bromodichloromethane 21.1 20.3 22.8 21.4 4.9 107
Bromoform 23.8 23.9 25.1 24.3 2.4 121
Bromomethane 21.4 19.5 19.7 20.2 4.2 101
Carbon tetrachloride 27.5 26.6 28.6 27.6 3.0 138
Chlorobenzene 25.6 25.4 26.4 25.8 1.7 129
Chloroethane 25.0 24.4 25.3 24.9 1.5 125
Chloroform 21.9 20.9 21.7 21.5 2.0 108
104a
Chloromethane 21.0 19.9 21.3 20.7 2.9
1,2-Dibromo-3-chloro-
propane 20.8 20.8 21.0 20.9 0.5 104
1,2-Dibromoethane 20.1 19.5 20.6 20.1 2.2 100
Dibromomethane 22.2 21.0 22.8 22.0 3.4 110
1,2-Dichlorobenzene 18.0 17.7 17.1 17.6 2.1 88.0
1,3-Dichlorobenzene 21.2 21.0 20.1 20.8 2.3 104
1,4-Dichlorobenzene 20.1 20.9 19.9 20.3 2.1 102
Dichlorodifluoromethane 25.3 24.1 25.4 24.9 2.4 125
1,1-Dichloroethane 23.0 22.0 22.7 22.6 1.9 113
1,2-Dichloroethane 20.6 19.5 19.8 20.0 2.3 100
1,1-Dichloroethene 24.8 23.8 24.4 24.3 1.7 122
cis-1,2-Dichloroethene 21.6 20.0 21.6 21.1 3.6 105
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 22.4 21.4 22.2 22.0 2.0 110
1,2-Dichloropropane 22.8 22.2 23.4 22.8 2.1 114
1,1-Dichloropropene 26.3 25.7 28.0 26.7 3.7 133
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 20.3 19.5 21.1 20.3 3.2 102
Ethylbenzene 24.7 24.5 25.5 24.9 1.7 125
Hexachlorobutadiene 23.0 25.3 25.2 24.5 4.3 123
130a
Methylene chloride 26.0 25.7 26.1 25.9 0.7
63.8a
Naphthalene 13.8 12.7 11.8 12.8 6.4
Styrene 24.2 23.3 23.3 23.6 1.8 118
1,1,1,2-Tetrachloroethane 21.4 20.2 21.3 21.0 2.6 105
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane 18.6 17.8 19.0 18.5 2.7 92.3
Tetrachloroethene 25.2 24.8 26.4 25.5 2.7 127
146a
Toluene 28.6 27.9 30.9 29.1 4.4
1,2,4-Trichlorobenzene 15.0 14.4 12.9 14.1 6.3 70.5
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 28.1 27.2 29.9 28.4 4.0 142
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 20.8 19.6 21.7 20.7 4.2 104




CD-ROM 8260B- 76 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 30 (cont.)



Recovery per Replicate (ng) Mean Recovery
Compound Sample 1 Sample 2 Sample 3 (ng) RSD (%)


Trichloroethene 26.3 24.9 26.8 26.0 3.1 130
Trichlorofluoromethane 25.9 24.8 26.5 25.7 2.7 129
1,2,3-Trichloropropane 18.8 18.3 19.3 18.8 2.2 94.0
Vinyl chloride 24.8 23.2 23.9 24.0 2.7 120
m-Xylene/p-Xylene 24.3 23.9 25.3 24.5 2.4 123
o-Xylene 23.1 22.3 23.4 22.9 2.0 115


a
Compound found in unfortified garden soil matrix at >5 ng.




CD-ROM 8260B- 77 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 31

METHOD DETECTION LIMITS AND BOILING POINTS
FOR VOLATILE ORGANICS (ANALYSIS BY METHOD 5041)a



Detection Boiling
Compound Limit (ng) Point (EC)


Chloromethane 58 -24
Bromomethane 26 4
Vinyl chloride 14 -13
Chloroethane 21 13
Methylene chloride 9 40
Acetone 35 56
Carbon disulfide 11 46
1,1-Dichloroethene 14 32
1,1-Dichloroethane 12 57
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene 11 48
Chloroform 11 62
1,2-Dichloroethane 13 83
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 8 74
Carbon tetrachloride 8 77
Bromodichloromethane 11 88
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane** 23 146
1,2-Dichloropropane 12 95
trans-1,3-Dichloropropene 17 112
Trichloroethene 11 87
Dibromochloromethane 21 122
1,1,2-Trichloroethane 26 114
Benzene 26 80
cis-1,3-Dichloropropene 27 112
Bromoform** 26 150
Tetrachloroethene 11 121
Toluene 15 111
Chlorobenzene 15 132
Ethylbenzene** 21 136
Styrene** 46 145
Trichlorofluoromethane 17 24
Iodomethane 9 43
Acrylonitrile 13 78
Dibromomethane 14 97
1,2,3-Trichloropropane** 37 157
total Xylenes** 22 138-144


Footnotes are found on the following page.




CD-ROM 8260B- 78 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 31 (cont.)




* The method detection limit (MDL) is defined in Chapter One. The detection limits cited above
were determined according to 40 CFR, Part 136, Appendix B, using standards spiked onto
clean VOST tubes. Since clean VOST tubes were used, the values cited above represent the
best that the methodology can achieve. The presence of an emissions matrix will affect the
ability of the methodology to perform at its optimum level.

** Boiling Point greater than 130EC. Not appropriate for quantitative sampling by Method 0030.




CD-ROM 8260B- 79 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 32

VOLATILE INTERNAL STANDARDS WITH CORRESPONDING ANALYTES
ASSIGNED FOR QUANTITATION (METHOD 5041)



Bromochloromethane
1,4-Difluorobenzene

Acetone Benzene
Acrylonitrile Bromodichloromethane
Bromomethane Bromoform
Carbon disulfide Carbon tetrachloride
Chloroethane Chlorodibromomethane
Chloroform Dibromomethane
Chloromethane 1,2-Dichloropropane
1,1-Dichloroethane cis-1,3-Dichloropropene
1,2-Dichloroethane trans-1,3-Dichloropropene
1,2-Dichloroethane-d4 (surrogate) 1,1,1-Trichloroethane
1,1-Dichloroethene 1,1,2-Trichloroethane
Trichloroethene
trans-1,2-Dichloroethene
Iodomethane
Methylene chloride
Trichlorofluoromethane
Vinyl chloride

Chlorobenzene-d5

4-Bromofluorobenzene (surrogate)
Chlorobenzene
Ethylbenzene
Styrene
1,1,2,2-Tetrachloroethane
Tetrachloroethene
Toluene
Toluene-d8 (surrogate)
1,2,3-Trichloropropane
Xylenes




CD-ROM 8260B- 80 Revision 2
December 1996
TABLE 33

METHOD 0040 - COMPOUNDS DEMONSTRATED TO BE APPLICABLE TO THE METHOD


Boiling Condensation Estimated
Detection Limita
Point Point
Compound (EC) at 20EC (%) (ppm)
Dichlorodifluoromethane -30 Gas 0.20
Vinyl chloride -19 Gas 0.11
1,3-Butadiene -4 Gas 0.90
1,2-Dichloro-1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethane 4 Gas 0.14
Methyl bromide 4 Gas 0.14
Trichlorofluoromethane 24 88 0.18
1,1-Dichloroethene 31 22 0.07
Methylene chloride 40 44 0.05
1,1,2-Trichloro-trifluoroethane 48 37 0.13
Chloroform 61 21 0.04
1,1,1-Trichloroethane 75 13 0.03
Carbon tetrachloride 77 11 0.03
Benzene 80 10 0.16
Trichloroethene 87 8 0.04
1,2-Dichloropropane 96 5 0.05
Toluene 111 3 0.08
Tetrachloroethene 121 2 0.03


a
Since this value represents a direct injection (no concentration) from the Tedlar?bag, these
values are directly applicable as stack detection limits.




CD-ROM 8260B- 81 Revision 2
December 1996
FIGURE 1
GAS CHROMATOGRAM OF VOLATILE ORGANICS




CD-ROM 8260B- 82 Revision 2
December 1996
FIGURE 2
GAS CHROMATOGRAM OF VOLATILE ORGANICS




CD-ROM 8260B- 83 Revision 2
December 1996
FIGURE 3
GAS CHROMATOGRAM OF VOLATILE ORGANICS




CD-ROM 8260B- 84 Revision 2
December 1996
FIGURE 4
GAS CHROMATOGRAM OF TEST MIXTURE




CD-ROM 8260B- 85 Revision 2
December 1996
METHOD 8260B
VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS BY GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY/MASS SPECTROMETRY
(GC/MS)




CD-ROM 8260B- 86 Revision 2
December 1996

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