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MSDS Material Safety Data Sheet
CAS

141-78-6 64-17-5 67-64-1 123-86-4 108-39-4 95-48-7 106-44-5 108-95-2 1300-71-6

File Name: 141-78-6_64-17-5_67-64-1_123-86-4_108-39-4_95-48-7_106-44.asp

                           0890 100 010 - WURTH ENGINE GASKET
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003 CHEMWATCH 7504-18
NA477ECP Version No:3
CD 2007/2 Page 1 of 26



Section 1 - CHEMICAL PRODUCT AND COMPANY IDENTIFICATION


PRODUCT NAME
0890 100 010 - WURTH ENGINE GASKET

STATEMENT OF HAZARDOUS NATURE
Considered a Hazardous Substance according to the criteria of the New
Zealand Hazardous Substances New Organisms legislation.

OTHER NAMES



PROPER SHIPPING NAME
FLAMMABLE LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S.
(contains ethyl acetate and cresols)

PRODUCT USE
Used on engine gaskets to enhance sealing quality.
The use of a quantity of material in an unventilated or confined space may result in
increased exposure and an irritating atmosphere developing.
Before starting consider control of exposure by mechanical ventilation.

SUPPLIER
Company: Wurth New Zealand Limited
Address:
42 Hobill Avenue
Manukau City
Auckland
NZL
Telephone: 0800 683 040
Fax: 0800 100 104



Section 2 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION


GHS Classification
Acute Toxicity (Dermal) Category 4
Acute Toxicity (Inhalation) Category 3
Acute Toxicity (Oral) Category 4
Flammable Liquid Category 2
Reproductive Toxicity Category 1B
Respiratory Effects Category 3
Serious Eye Damage Category 1
Skin Corrosion/Irritation Category 1C

EMERGENCY OVERVIEW

HAZARD
DANGER
Determined by Chemwatch using GHS/HSNO criteria:
3.1B 6.1C 6.1D 6.1D 6.8A 8.2C 8.3A
May cause drowsiness and dizziness
Highly flammable liquid and vapour

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0890 100 010 - WURTH ENGINE GASKET
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003 CHEMWATCH 7504-18
NA477ECP Version No:3
CD 2007/2 Page 2 of 26
Section 2 - HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION

Toxic if inhaled
Harmful in contact with skin
Harmful if swallowed
May damage the unborn child
Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
Causes serious eye damage

PRECAUTIONARY STATEMENTS

Prevention
Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
Do not breathe dust or mist.
Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
Wash thoroughly after handling.
Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
Use only outdoors or in a well ventilated area.
Wear protective gloves/clothing
Wear protective gloves/clothing and eye/face protection.
Obtain special instructions before use.
Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
Use personal protective equipment as required.
Wear protective gloves and eye/face protection.
Keep container tightly closed.
Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/equipment
Use only non-sparking tools.
Keep away from heat/sparks/open flame - No smoking.
Take precautionary measures against static discharge

Response
If exposed or concerned: Get medical attention advice.
IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
Wear eye/face protection.
If eye irritation persists, get medical advice/attention.
Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if
present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
IF INHALED: Remove to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
If on skin or hair: remove/take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse with
water/shower.
Specific treatment: refer to Label or MSDS.
In case of fire, use foam for extinction.
Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
IF ON SKIN: Gently wash with plenty of soap and water.

Storage
Store locked up.

Disposal
Dispose of contents and container in accordance with relevant legislation.


Section 3 - COMPOSITION / INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

NAME CAS RN %
ethyl acetate 141-78-6 20-40
ethanol 64-17-5 5-20
acetone 67-64-1 1-19
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0890 100 010 - WURTH ENGINE GASKET
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003 CHEMWATCH 7504-18
NA477ECP Version No:3
CD 2007/2 Page 3 of 26
Section 3 - COMPOSITION / INFORMATION ON INGREDIENTS

n- butyl acetate 123-86-4 1-14
m- cresol 108-39-4 1-4
o- cresol 95-48-7
p- cresol 106-44-5
phenol 108-95-2 0-0.9
xylenols 1300-71-6 <0.2


Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES

NEW ZEALAND POISONS INFORMATION CENTRE 0800 POISON (0800 764 766)
NZ EMERGENCY SERVICES: 111

SWALLOWED
?If swallowed do NOT induce vomiting.
?If vomiting occurs, lean patient forward or place on left side (head-down position, if
possible) to maintain open airway and prevent aspiration.
?Observe the patient carefully.
?Never give liquid to a person showing signs of being sleepy or with reduced awareness;
i.e. becoming unconscious.
?Give water to rinse out mouth, then provide liquid slowly and as much as casualty can
comfortably drink.
?Seek medical advice.

EYE
If this product comes in contact with the eyes:
?Immediately hold eyelids apart and flush the eye continuously with running water.
?Ensure complete irrigation of the eye by keeping eyelids apart and away from eye and
moving the eyelids by occasionally lifting the upper and lower lids.
?Continue flushing until advised to stop by the Poisons Information Centre or a doctor,
or for at least 15 minutes.
?Transport to hospital or doctor without delay.
?Removal of contact lenses after an eye injury should only be undertaken by skilled
personnel.

SKIN
If skin contact occurs:
?Immediately remove all contaminated clothing, including footwear.
?Flush skin and hair with running water (and soap if available).
?Seek medical attention in event of irritation.

INHALED
?If fumes or combustion products are inhaled remove from contaminated area.
?Lay patient down. Keep warm and rested.
?Prostheses such as false teeth, which may block airway, should be removed, where
possible, prior to initiating first aid procedures.
?Apply artificial respiration if not breathing, preferably with a demand valve
resuscitator, bag-valve mask device, or pocket mask as trained. Perform CPR if necessary.
?Transport to hospital, or doctor.

NOTES TO PHYSICIAN
Treat symptomatically.




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Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003 CHEMWATCH 7504-18
NA477ECP Version No:3
CD 2007/2 Page 4 of 26


Section 5 - FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES


EXTINGUISHING MEDIA
?Alcohol stable foam.
?Dry chemical powder.
?BCF (where regulations permit).
?Carbon dioxide.
?Water spray or fog - Large fires only.

FIRE FIGHTING
?Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.
?May be violently or explosively reactive.
?Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus.
?Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water course.
?Consider evacuation (or protect in place).
?Fight fire from a safe distance, with adequate cover.
?If safe, switch off electrical equipment until vapour fire hazard removed.
?Use water delivered as a fine spray to control fire and cool adjacent area.
?Avoid spraying water onto liquid pools.
?DO NOT approach containers suspected to be hot.
?Cool fire exposed containers with water spray from a protected location.
?If safe to do so, remove containers from path of fire.
When any large container (including road and rail tankers) is involved in a fire,
consider evacuation by 1000 metres in all directions.

FIRE/EXPLOSION HAZARD
WARNING: In use may form flammable/ explosive vapour-air mixtures.
WARNING:
?Can become highly flammable in use.
?Avoid evaporation.
?Liquid and vapour are highly flammable.
?Severe fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame and/or oxidisers.
?Vapour may travel a considerable distance to source of ignition.
?Heating may cause expansion or decomposition leading to violent rupture of containers.
?On combustion, may emit toxic fumes of carbon monoxide (CO).
Combustion products include: carbon dioxide (CO2), other pyrolysis products typical of
burning organic material.

FIRE INCOMPATIBILITY
Avoid contamination with oxidising agents i.e. nitrates, oxidising acids, chlorine
bleaches, pool chlorine etc. as ignition may result.

Personal Protective Equipment
Breathing apparatus.
Chemical splash suit.


Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES


EMERGENCY PROCEDURES

MINOR SPILLS
?Remove all ignition sources.
?Clean up all spills immediately.
?Avoid breathing vapours and contact with skin and eyes.
?Control personal contact by using protective equipment.
?Contain and absorb small quantities with vermiculite or other absorbent material.
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0890 100 010 - WURTH ENGINE GASKET
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003 CHEMWATCH 7504-18
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CD 2007/2 Page 5 of 26
Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

?Wipe up.
?Collect residues in a flammable waste container.

MAJOR SPILLS
?Clear area of personnel and move upwind.
?Alert Fire Brigade and tell them location and nature of hazard.
?May be violently or explosively reactive.
?Wear full body protective clothing with breathing apparatus.
?Prevent, by any means available, spillage from entering drains or water course.
?Consider evacuation (or protect in place).
?No smoking, naked lights or ignition sources.
?Increase ventilation.
?Stop leak if safe to do so.
?Water spray or fog may be used to disperse vapour.
?Contain or absorb spill with sand, earth or vermiculite.
?Use only spark-free shovels and explosion proof equipment.
?Collect recoverable product into labelled containers for recycling.
?Collect solid residues and seal in labelled drums for disposal.
?Wash area and prevent runoff into drains.
?After clean up operations, decontaminate and launder all protective clothing and
equipment before storing and re-using.
?If contamination of drains or waterways occurs, advise emergency services.

PROTECTIVE ACTIONS FOR SPILL
PROTECTIVE ACTION ZONE

half
evacuation
downwind
direction
distance
down wind distance
wind isolation
distance
direction
half
evacuation downwind
INITIAL direction distance
ISOLATION
ZONE

From IERG (Canada/Australia)
Isolation Distance 50 metres
Downwind Protection Distance 300 metres
IERG Number 16

FOOTNOTES
1 PROTECTIVE ACTION ZONE is defined as the area in which people are at risk of harmful exposure. This zone
assumes that random changes in wind direction confines the vapour plume to an area within 30 degrees on
either side of the predominant wind direction, resulting in a crosswind protective action distance equal
to the downwind protective action distance.
2 PROTECTIVE ACTIONS should be initiated to the extent possible, beginning with those closest to the spill
and working away from the site in the downwind direction. Within the protective action zone a level of
vapour concentration may exist resulting in nearly all unprotected persons becoming incapacitated and
unable to take protective action and/or incurring serious or irreversible health effects.
3 INITIAL ISOLATION ZONE is determined as an area, including upwind of the incident, within which a high
probability of localised wind reversal may expose nearly all persons without appropriate protection to
life-threatening concentrations of the material.
4 SMALL SPILLS involve a leaking package of 200 litres (55 US gallons) or less, such as a drum (jerrican or
box with inner containers). Larger packages leaking less than 200 litres and compressed gas leaking from
a small cylinder are also considered "small spills".

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0890 100 010 - WURTH ENGINE GASKET
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003 CHEMWATCH 7504-18
NA477ECP Version No:3
CD 2007/2 Page 6 of 26
Section 6 - ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES

LARGE SPILLS involve many small leaking packages or a leaking package of greater than 200 litres, such as
a cargo tank, portable tank or a "one-tonne" compressed gas cylinder.
5 Guide 131 is taken from the US DOT emergency response guide book.
6 IERG information is derived from CANUTEC - Transport Canada.

EMERGENCY RESPONSE PLANNING GUIDELINES (ERPG)
The maximum airborne concentration below which it is believed that nearly all individuals could be exposed
for up to one hour WITHOUT experiencing or developing

life-threatening health effects is:
ethyl acetate 2000 ppm
ethanol 3300 ppm
acetone 8500 ppm
n-butyl acetate 3000 ppm
m-cresol 250 ppm

irreversible or other serious effects or symptoms which could impair an individual's ability to take
protective action is:
ethyl acetate 400 ppm
ethanol 3300 ppm
acetone 8500 ppm
n-butyl acetate 200 ppm
m-cresol 25 ppm

other than mild, transient adverse effects without perceiving a clearly defined odour is:
ethyl acetate 400 ppm
ethanol 3000 ppm
acetone 1000 ppm
n-butyl acetate 5 ppm
m-cresol 5 ppm

The threshold concentration below which most people will experience no appreciable risk of health effects:
ethyl acetate 400 ppm
ethanol 1000 ppm
acetone 1000 ppm
n-butyl acetate 5 ppm
m-cresol 5 ppm

American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA)

Ingredients considered according to the following cutoffs
Very Toxic (T+) >= 0.1% Toxic (T) >= 3.0%
R50 >= 0.25% Corrosive (C) >= 5.0%
R51 >= 2.5%
else >= 10%
where percentage is percentage of ingredient found in the mixture

Personal Protective Equipment advice is contained in Section 8 of the MSDS.


Section 7 - HANDLING AND STORAGE


PROCEDURE FOR HANDLING
Contains low boiling substance:
Storage in sealed containers may result in pressure buildup causing violent rupture of
containers not rated appropriately.
?Check for bulging containers.

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Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003 CHEMWATCH 7504-18
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CD 2007/2 Page 7 of 26
Section 7 - HANDLING AND STORAGE

?Vent periodically
?Always release caps or seals slowly to ensure slow dissipation of vapours.
?Avoid all personal contact, including inhalation.
?Wear protective clothing when risk of exposure occurs.
?Use in a well-ventilated area.
?Prevent concentration in hollows and sumps.
?DO NOT enter confined spaces until atmosphere has been checked.
?Avoid smoking, naked lights, heat or ignition sources.
?When handling, DO NOT eat, drink or smoke.
?Vapour may ignite on pumping or pouring due to static electricity.
?DO NOT use plastic buckets.
?Earth and secure metal containers when dispensing or pouring product.
?Use spark-free tools when handling.
?Avoid contact with incompatible materials.
?Keep containers securely sealed.
?Avoid physical damage to containers.
?Always wash hands with soap and water after handling.
?Work clothes should be laundered separately.
?Use good occupational work practice.
?Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations.
?Atmosphere should be regularly checked against established exposure standards to
ensure safe working conditions.
DO NOT allow clothing wet with material to stay in contact with skin.

SUITABLE CONTAINER
?Packing as supplied by manufacturer.
?Plastic containers may only be used if approved for flammable liquid.
?Check that containers are clearly labelled and free from leaks.
?For low viscosity materials (i) : Drums and jerry cans must be of the non-removable
head type. (ii) : Where a can is to be used as an inner package, the can must have a
screwed enclosure.
?For materials with a viscosity of at least 2680 cSt. (23 deg. C)
?For manufactured product having a viscosity of at least 250 cSt. (23 deg. C)
?Manufactured product that requires stirring before use and having a viscosity of at
least 20 cSt (25 deg. C)
(i) : Removable head packaging;
(ii) : Cans with friction closures and
(iii) : low pressure tubes and cartridges may be used.
?Where combination packages are used, and the inner packages are of glass, there must be
sufficient inert cushioning material in contact with inner and outer packages
?In addition, where inner packagings are glass and contain liquids of packing group I
there must be sufficient inert absorbent to absorb any spillage, unless the outer
packaging is a close fitting moulded plastic box and the substances are not incompatible
with the plastic.

STORAGE INCOMPATIBILITY
Avoid reaction with oxidising agents.

STORAGE REQUIREMENTS
?Store in original containers in approved flame-proof area.
?No smoking, naked lights, heat or ignition sources.
?DO NOT store in pits, depressions, basements or areas where vapours may be trapped.
?Keep containers securely sealed.
?Store away from incompatible materials in a cool, dry well ventilated area.
?Protect containers against physical damage and check regularly for leaks.
?Observe manufacturer's storing and handling recommendations.




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0890 100 010 - WURTH ENGINE GASKET
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003 CHEMWATCH 7504-18
NA477ECP Version No:3
CD 2007/2 Page 8 of 26


Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION


EXPOSURE CONTROLS
Source Material TWA ppm TWA mg/m?STEL ppm STEL mg/m砅eak ppm Peak mg/m?TWA F/CC
_________ _________ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
New ethyl 200 720
Zealand acetate
Workplace (Ethyl
Exposure acetate)
Standards
(WES)
New ethanol 1, 000 1, 880
Zealand (Ethyl
Workplace alcohol)
Exposure
Standards
(WES)
New acetone 500 1, 185 1, 000 2, 375
Zealand (Acetone)
Workplace
Exposure
Standards
(WES)
New n- butyl 150 713 200 950
Zealand acetate
Workplace (n- Butyl
Exposure acetate)
Standards
(WES)
New m- cresol 5 22
Zealand (Cresol,
Workplace all
Exposure isomers)
Standards
(WES)
New o- cresol 5 22
Zealand (Cresol,
Workplace all
Exposure isomers)
Standards
(WES)
New p- cresol 5 22
Zealand (Cresol,
Workplace all
Exposure isomers)
Standards
(WES)
New phenol 5 19
Zealand (Phenol)
Workplace
Exposure
Standards
(WES)

The following materials had no OELs on our records
?xylenols: CAS:1300- 71- 6


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0890 100 010 - WURTH ENGINE GASKET
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003 CHEMWATCH 7504-18
NA477ECP Version No:3
CD 2007/2 Page 9 of 26
Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION

EMERGENCY EXPOSURE LIMITS
Material Revised IDLH Value (mg/m3) Revised IDLH Value (ppm)
ethyl acetate 2, 000 [LEL]
ethanol 3, 300 [LEL]
acetone 2, 500 [LEL]
n- butyl acetate 1, 700 [LEL]
m- cresol 250 [Unch]
o- cresol 250 [Unch]
p- cresol 250 [Unch]
phenol 250 [Unch]

NOTES
Values marked LEL indicate that the IDLH was based on 10% of the lower explosive limit
for safety considerations even though the relevant toxicological data indicated that
irreversible health effects or impairment of escape existed only at higher
concentrations.


MATERIAL DATA
Not available. Refer to individual constituents.

INGREDIENT DATA
M-CRESOL:
O-CRESOL:
P-CRESOL:
Exposure limits with "skin" notation indicate that vapour and liquid may be absorbed
through intact skin. Absorption by skin may readily exceed vapour inhalation exposure.
Symptoms for skin absorption are the same as for inhalation. Contact with eyes and mucous
membranes may also contribute to overall exposure and may also invalidate the exposure
standard.

ACETONE:
ETHYL ACETATE:
N-BUTYL ACETATE:
Exposed individuals are reasonably expected to be warned, by smell, that the Exposure
Standard is being exceeded.
Odour Safety Factor (OSF) is determined to fall into either Class A or B.
The Odour Safety Factor (OSF) is defined as:
OSF= Exposure Standard (TWA) ppm/ Odour Threshold Value (OTV) ppm
Classification into classes follows:

Class OSF Description
A 550 Over 90% of exposed individuals
are aware by smell that the
Exposure Standard (TLV- TWA for
example) is being reached, even
when distracted by working
activities
B 26- 550 As " A" for 50- 90% of persons
being distracted
C 1- 26 As " A" for less than 50% of
persons being distracted
D 0.18- 1 10- 50% of persons aware of
being tested perceive by smell
that the Exposure Standard is
being reached
E <0.18 As " D" for less than 10% of
persons aware of being tested

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0890 100 010 - WURTH ENGINE GASKET
Chemwatch Material Safety Data Sheet
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003 CHEMWATCH 7504-18
NA477ECP Version No:3
CD 2007/2 Page 10 of 26
Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION

.

ETHYL ACETATE:

Odour Threshold Value: 6.4-50 ppm (detection), 13.3-75 ppm (recognition)
The TLV-TWA provides a significant margin of safety from the standpoint of
adverse health effects. Unacclimated subjects found the odour
objectionably strong at 200 ppm. Mild nose, eye and throat irritation was
experienced at 400 ppm. Workers exposed regularly at concentrations
ranging from 375 ppm to 1500 ppm for several months showed no unusual
signs or symptoms.

ETHANOL:
Odour Threshold Value: 49-716 ppm (detection), 101 ppm (recognition)
Eye and respiratory tract irritation do not appear to occur at exposure
levels of less than 5000 ppm and the TLV-TWA is thought to provide an
adequate margin of safety against such effects.
Experiments in man show that inhalation of 1000 ppm caused slight symptoms
of poisoning and 5000 ppm caused strong stupor and morbid sleepiness.
Subjects exposed to 5000 ppm to 10000 ppm experienced smarting of the
eyes and nose and coughing. Symptoms disappeared within minutes.
Inhalation also causes local irritating effects to the eyes and
upper respiratory tract, headaches, sensation of heat intraocular
tension, stupor, fatigue and a need to sleep.
At 15000 ppm there was continuous lachrymation and coughing.

ACETONE:

Odour Threshold Value: 3.6 ppm (detection), 699 ppm (recognition)
Saturation vapour concentration: 237000 ppm @ 20 C
NOTE: Detector tubes measuring in excess of 40 ppm, are available.
Exposure at or below the recommended TLV-TWA is thought to protect the
worker against mild irritation associated with brief exposures and the
bioaccumulation, chronic irritation of the respiratory tract and headaches
associated with long-term acetone exposures. The NIOSH REL-TWA is
substantially lower and has taken into account slight irritation
experienced by volunteer subjects at 300 ppm. Mild irritation to
acclimatised workers begins at about 750 ppm - unacclimatised subjects
will experience irritation at about 350-500 ppm but acclimatisation can
occur rapidly. Disagreement between the peak bodies is based largely on
the view by ACGIH that widespread use of acetone, without evidence of
significant adverse health effects at higher concentrations, allows
acceptance of a higher limit.
Half-life of acetone in blood is 3 hours which means that no adjustment
for shift-length has to be made with reference to the standard 8 hour/day,
40 hours per week because body clearance occurs within any shift with low
potential for accumulation.
A STEL has been established to prevent excursions of acetone vapours that
could cause depression of the central nervous system.

N-BUTYL ACETATE:

Odour Threshold Value: 0.0063 ppm (detection), 0.038-12 ppm (recognition)
Exposure at or below the recommended TLV-TWA is thought to prevent
significant irritation of the eyes and respiratory passages as well as
narcotic effects. In light of the lack of substantive evidence regarding
teratogenicity and a review of acute oral data a STEL is considered
inappropriate.

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Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION

M-CRESOL:
Odour Threshold Value: 0.000050-0.0079 ppm (detection)
Concentrations of cresol in air as low as 5 ppm are easily recognised.

The recommended TLV-TWA takes account of the closely analogous to the
toxic action of phenol
Systemic absorption by all routes may induce convulsions with damage to
the lungs and central nervous system. Exposure at or below the recommended
TLV-TWA is thought to protect the worker from respiratory, cardiovascular,
hepatic, renal and neurological toxicity. Workers or volunteers exposed
to phenol at or below 5.2 ppm have experienced no ill-effects. Because
phenol as a vapour, liquid or solid can penetrate the skin causing systemic
effects, a skin notation is considered necessary. Although ACGIH has not
recommended a STEL it is felt that ACGIH excursion limits (15 ppm limited
to a total duration of 30 minutes with brief excursions limited to no more
than 25 ppm) and NIOSH Ceiling values (15 minutes at 15.6 ppm) are
sufficiently similar so as to provide the same margin of safety.

O-CRESOL:

Odour Threshold Value: Variously reported as 0.00068 ppm and 0.68 ppm.
Concentrations of cresol in air as low as 5 ppm are easily recognised.
The recommended TLV-TWA takes account of the closely analogous to the
toxic action of phenol
Systemic absorption by all routes may induce convulsions with damage to
the lungs and central nervous system. Exposure at or below the recommended
TLV-TWA is thought to protect the worker from respiratory, cardiovascular,
hepatic, renal and neurological toxicity. Workers or volunteers exposed
to phenol at or below 5.2 ppm have experienced no ill-effects. Because
phenol as a vapour, liquid or solid can penetrate the skin causing systemic
effects, a skin notation is considered necessary. Although ACGIH has not
recommended a STEL it is felt that ACGIH excursion limits (15 ppm limited
to a total duration of 30 minutes with brief excursions limited to no more
than 25 ppm) and NIOSH Ceiling values (15 minutes at 15.6 ppm) are
sufficiently similar so as to provide the same margin of safety.

P-CRESOL:

Odour Threshold Value: 0.00099 ppm (recognition)
Concentrations of cresol in air as low as 5 ppm are easily recognised.
The recommended TLV-TWA takes account of the closely analogous to the
toxic action of phenol
Systemic absorption by all routes may induce convulsions with damage to
the lungs and central nervous system. Exposure at or below the recommended
TLV-TWA is thought to protect the worker from respiratory, cardiovascular,
hepatic, renal and neurological toxicity. Workers or volunteers exposed
to phenol at or below 5.2 ppm have experienced no ill-effects. Because
phenol as a vapour, liquid or solid can penetrate the skin causing systemic
effects, a skin notation is considered necessary. Although ACGIH has not
recommended a STEL it is felt that ACGIH excursion limits (15 ppm limited
to a total duration of 30 minutes with brief excursions limited to no more
than 25 ppm) and NIOSH Ceiling values (15 minutes at 15.6 ppm) are
sufficiently similar so as to provide the same margin of safety.

PHENOL:
Odour Threshold Value: 0.060 ppm (detection)
NOTE: Detector tubes for phenol, measuring in excess of 1 ppm, are
commercially available.
Systemic absorption by all routes may induce convulsions with damage to
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Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003 CHEMWATCH 7504-18
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Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION

the lungs and central nervous system.
Exposure at or below the recommended TLV-TWA is thought to protect the
worker from respiratory, cardiovascular, hepatic, renal and neurological
toxicity. Workers or volunteers exposed at or below 5.2 ppm have
experienced no ill-effects. Because phenol as a vapour, liquid or solid
can penetrate the skin causing systemic effects, a skin notation is
considered necessary. Although ACGIH has not recommended a STEL it is felt
that ACGIH excursion limits (15 ppm limited to a total duration of 30
minutes with brief excursions limited to no more than 25 ppm) and NIOSH
Ceiling values are sufficiently similar so as to provide the same margin
of safety.

XYLENOLS:
No exposure limits set by NOHSC or ACGIH.

PERSONAL PROTECTION

EYE
?Safety glasses with side shields.
?Chemical goggles.
?Contact lenses may pose a special hazard; soft contact lenses may absorb and
concentrate irritants. A written policy document, describing the wearing of lens or
restrictions on use, should be created for each workplace or task. This should include a
review of lens absorption and adsorption for the class of chemicals in use and an account
of injury experience. Medical and first-aid personnel should be trained in their removal
and suitable equipment should be readily available. In the event of chemical exposure,
begin eye irrigation immediately and remove contact lens as soon as practicable. Lens
should be removed at the first signs of eye redness or irritation - lens should be
removed in a clean environment only after workers have washed hands thoroughly. [CDC
NIOSH Current Intelligence Bulletin 59].

HANDS/FEET
Wear chemical protective gloves, eg. PVC.
Wear safety footwear or safety gumboots, eg. Rubber.

OTHER
?Overalls.
?PVC Apron.
?PVC protective suit may be required if exposure severe.
?Eyewash unit.
?Ensure there is ready access to a safety shower.

RESPIRATOR
Selection of the Class and Type of respirator will depend upon the level of breathing
zone contaminant and the chemical nature of the contaminant. Protection Factors (defined
as the ratio of contaminant outside and inside the mask) may also be important.

Breathing Zone Level Maximum Protection Half- face Respirator Full- Face Respirator
ppm (volume) Factor
1000 10 AX- AUS P -
1000 50 - AX- AUS P
5000 50 Airline * -
5000 100 - AX- 2 P
10000 100 - AX- 3 P
100+ Airline**

* - Continuous Flow ** - Continuous-flow or positive pressure demand.

The local concentration of material, quantity and conditions of use determine the type of
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Section 8 - EXPOSURE CONTROLS / PERSONAL PROTECTION

personal protective equipment required.
For further information consult site specific
CHEMWATCH data (if available), or your
Occupational Health and Safety Advisor.

ENGINEERING CONTROLS
For flammable liquids and flammable gases, local exhaust ventilation or a process
enclosure ventilation system may be required. Ventilation equipment should be explosion
-resistant.



Section 9 - PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES


APPEARANCE
Yellow highly flammable liquid with a characteristic odour; does not
mix with water.

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Does not mix with water.
Floats on water.

Molecular Weight: Not Applicable Boiling Range (?55
C):
Melting Range (?Not Available
C): Specific Gravity (water= 1): 0.97
Solubility in water (g/L): Immiscible pH (as supplied): Not Applicable
pH (1% solution): Not Applicable Vapour Pressure (kPa): 24.7 @ 20C
Volatile Component (%vol): >60 Evaporation Rate: Not Available
Relative Vapour Density (air=1): Not Available Flash Point (?- 19
C):
Lower Explosive Limit (%): 2.1 Upper Explosive Limit (%): 15
Autoignition Temp (?370
C): Decomposition Temp (?Not Av ailable
C):
State: LIQUID Viscosity: Not Available

log Kow: 0.66-0.73
log Kow (Sangster 1997): - 0.3
log Kow: -0.31- -0.32
log Kow (Prager 1995): - 0.24
log Kow (Sangster 1997): - 0.24
log Kow: -0.24
log Kow (Prager 1995): 1.82
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 1.78
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 1.98
log Kow: 1.96
log Kow (Prager 1995): 1.95
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 1.98
log Kow: 1.95
log Kow (Prager 1995): 1.94
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 1.98
log Kow: 1.92-1.94
log Kow (Prager 1995): 1.46
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 1.5
log Kow (Prager 1995): 2.23- 2.77
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 31%




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Section 10 - CHEMICAL STABILITY AND REACTIVITY INFORMATION


CONDITIONS CONTRIBUTING TO INSTABILITY
?Presence of incompatible materials.
?Product is considered stable.
?Hazardous polymerisation will not occur.


Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION


POTENTIAL HEALTH EFFECTS
ACUTE HEALTH EFFECTS CHRONIC HEALTH EFFECTS
Causes burns.
HARMFUL- May cause lung damage if swallowed.
Risk of serious damage to eyes.
Harmful in contact with skin and if
swallowed.
Vapours may cause dizziness or suffocation.
Vapours may cause drowsiness and dizziness.

TOXICITY AND IRRITATION
None assigned. Refer to individual constituents.

ETHYL ACETATE:
unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances.
TOXICITY IRRITATION
Oral (rat) LD50: 5620 mg/kg Eye (human): 400 ppm
Inhalation (rat) LC50: 1600 ppm/8h
Inhalation (human) TCLo: 400 ppm
Inhalation (Human) TCLo: 400 ppm/4h
Oral (Mouse) LD50: 4100 mg/kg
Intraperitoneal (Mouse) LD50: 709 mg/kg
Oral (Rabbit) LD50: 4935 mg/kg
Oral (Guinea) pig: LD50 5500 mg/kg

ETHANOL:
unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances.
TOXICITY IRRITATION
Oral (rat) LD50: 7060 mg/kg Skin (rabbit):20 mg/24hr- Moderate
Oral (human) LDLo: 1400 mg/kg Skin (rabbit):400 mg (open)- Mild
Oral (man) TDLo: 50 mg/kg Eye (rabbit):100mg/24hr- Moderate
Oral (man) TDLo: 1.40 mg/kg Eye (rabbit): 500 mg SEVERE
Oral (woman) TDLo: 256 mg/kg/12 wks
Inhalation (rat) LC50: 20, 000 ppm/10h
Inhalation (rat) LC50: 64000 ppm/4h

ACETONE:
unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances.
TOXICITY IRRITATION
Oral (man) TDLo: 2857 mg/kg Eye (human): 500 ppm - Irritant
Oral (rat) LD50: 5800 mg/kg Eye (rabbit): 3.95 mg - SEVERE
Inhalation (human) TCLo: 500 ppm Eye (rabbit): 20mg/24hr - Moderate
Inhalation (man) TCLo: 12000 ppm/4 hr Skin (rabbit):395mg (open) - Mild
Inhalation (man) TCLo: 10 mg/m?6 hr Skin (rabbit): 500 mg/24hr - Mild
Inhalation (rat) LC50: 50100 mg/m?8 hr
Dermal (rabbit) LD50: 20000 mg/kg

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Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

N-BUTYL ACETATE:
unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances.
TOXICITY IRRITATION
Oral (rat) LD50: 13100 mg/kg Skin (rabbit): 500 mg/24h- Moderate
Dermal (rabbit) LD50: 3200 mg/kg* Eye (rabbit): 20 mg (open)- SEVERE
Inhalation (human) TCLo: 200 ppm Eye (rabbit): 20 mg/24h - Moderate
Inhalation (rat) LC50: 2000 ppm/4h Eye ( human): 300 mg
Inhalation (Human) TCLo: 200 ppm/4h * [PPG]
Oral (Rat) LD50: 10768 mg/kg
Inhalation (Rat) LC50: 390 ppm/4h
Intraperitoneal (Mouse) LD50: 1230 mg/kg
Oral (Rabbit) LD50: 3200 mg/kg
Oral (Guinea) pig: LD50 4700 mg/kg
Intraperitoneal (Guinea) pig: LD 1500 mg/kg
The material may produce severe irritation to the eye causing pronounced inflammation.
Repeated or prolonged exposure to irritants may produce conjunctivitis.
The material may cause skin irritation after prolonged or repeated exposure and may
produce a contact dermatitis (nonallergic). This form of dermatitis is often
characterised by skin redness (erythema) and swelling the epidermis. Histologically there
may be intercellular oedema of the spongy layer (spongiosis) and intracellular oedema of
the epidermis.

M-CRESOL:
unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances.
TOXICITY IRRITATION
Oral (rat) LD50: 242 mg/kg Skin (rabbit): 517 mg/24h SEVERE
Dermal (rabbit) LD50: 2050 mg/kg Eye (rabbit): 103 mg SEVERE
The material may produce severe irritation to the eye causing pronounced inflammation.
Repeated or prolonged exposure to irritants may produce conjunctivitis.
The material may produce severe skin irritation after prolonged or repeated exposure, and
may produce a contact dermatitis (nonallergic). This form of dermatitis is often
characterised by skin redness (erythema) thickening of the epidermis.

Histologically there may be intercellular oedema of the spongy layer (spongiosis) and
intracellular oedema of the epidermis. Prolonged contact is unlikely, given the severity
of response, but repeated exposures may produce severe ulceration.
Mutation DNA inhibition human

O-CRESOL:
unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances.
TOXICITY IRRITATION
Oral (rat) LD50: 121 mg/kg None reported
Dermal (rabbit) LD50: 890 mg/kg
The material may produce severe irritation to the eye causing pronounced inflammation.
Repeated or prolonged exposure to irritants may produce conjunctivitis.
The material may produce severe skin irritation after prolonged or repeated exposure, and
may produce a contact dermatitis (nonallergic). This form of dermatitis is often
characterised by skin redness (erythema) thickening of the epidermis.

Histologically there may be intercellular oedema of the spongy layer (spongiosis) and
intracellular oedema of the epidermis. Prolonged contact is unlikely, given the severity
of response, but repeated exposures may produce severe ulceration.
Asthma-like symptoms may continue for months or even years after exposure to the material
ceases. This may be due to a non-allergenic condition known as reactive airways
dysfunction syndrome (RADS) which can occur following exposure to high levels of highly
irritating compound. Key criteria for the diagnosis of RADS include the absence of
preceding respiratory disease, in a non-atopic individual, with abrupt onset of
persistent asthma-like symptoms within minutes to hours of a documented exposure to the
irritant. A reversible airflow pattern, on spirometry, with the presence of moderate to
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Section 11 - TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION

severe bronchial hyperreactivity on methacholine challenge testing and the lack of
minimal lymphocytic inflammation, without eosinophilia, have also been included in the
criteria for diagnosis of RADS. RADS (or asthma) following an irritating inhalation is an
infrequent disorder with rates related to the concentration of and duration of exposure
to the irritating substance. Industrial bronchitis, on the other hand, is a disorder that
occurs as result of exposure due to high concentrations of irritating substance (often
particulate in nature) and is completely reversible after exposure ceases. The disorder
is characterised by dyspnea, cough and mucus production.

P-CRESOL:
unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances.
TOXICITY IRRITATION
Oral (rat) LD50: 207 mg/kg Skin (rabbit): 517 mg/24h SEVERE
Dermal (rabbit) LD50: 301 mg/kg Eye (rabbit): 103 mg SEVERE
The material may produce severe irritation to the eye causing pronounced inflammation.
Repeated or prolonged exposure to irritants may produce conjunctivitis.
The material may produce severe skin irritation after prolonged or repeated exposure, and
may produce a contact dermatitis (nonallergic). This form of dermatitis is often
characterised by skin redness (erythema) thickening of the epidermis.

Histologically there may be intercellular oedema of the spongy layer (spongiosis) and
intracellular oedema of the epidermis. Prolonged contact is unlikely, given the severity
of response, but repeated exposures may produce severe ulceration.
Asthma-like symptoms may continue for months or even years after exposure to the material
ceases. This may be due to a non-allergenic condition known as reactive airways
dysfunction syndrome (RADS) which can occur following exposure to high levels of highly
irritating compound. Key criteria for the diagnosis of RADS include the absence of
preceding respiratory disease, in a non-atopic individual, with abrupt onset of
persistent asthma-like symptoms within minutes to hours of a documented exposure to the
irritant. A reversible airflow pattern, on spirometry, with the presence of moderate to
severe bronchial hyperreactivity on methacholine challenge testing and the lack of
minimal lymphocytic inflammation, without eosinophilia, have also been included in the
criteria for diagnosis of RADS. RADS (or asthma) following an irritating inhalation is an
infrequent disorder with rates related to the concentration of and duration of exposure
to the irritating substance. Industrial bronchitis, on the other hand, is a disorder that
occurs as result of exposure due to high concentrations of irritating substance (often
particulate in nature) and is completely reversible after exposure ceases. The disorder
is characterised by dyspnea, cough and mucus production.

PHENOL:
unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances.
TOXICITY IRRITATION
Oral (rat) LD50: 317 mg/kg Skin(rabbit): 500 mg/24hr - SEVERE
Oral (human) LDLo: 140 mg/kg Skin(rabbit): 500 mg Open - SEVERE
Inhalation (rat) LC50: 316 mg/m? Eye(rabbit): 5 mg - SEVERE
Dermal (rabbit) LD50: 850 mg/kg Eye(rabbit): 100 mg rinse - Mild
The substance is classified by IARC as Group 3:
NOT classifiable as to its carcinogenicity to humans.
Evidence of carcinogenicity may be inadequate or limited in animal testing.

XYLENOLS:
unless otherwise specified data extracted from RTECS - Register of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances.
TOXICITY IRRITATION
Oral (human) LDLo: 5000 mg/kg Nil Reported




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Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Marine Pollutant:Not Determined
DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.
Water hazard classification (self assessment): 1 - slightly hazardous to water.
[Wurth]
Refer to data for ingredients, which follows:

ETHYL ACETATE:
log Pow (Verschueren 1983): 0.66/0.73
ThOD: 50.4
log Pow (Verschueren 1983): 0.66/0.73
BOD5: 15%
COD: 1.54 (83%)
ThOD: 1.82
Half- life Soil - High (hours): 168
Half- life Soil - Low (hours): 24
Half- life Air - High (hours): 353
Half- life Air - Low (hours): 35.3
Half- life Surface water - High (hours): 168
Half- life Surface water - Low (hours): 24
Half- life Ground water - High (hours): 336
Half- life Ground water - Low (hours): 48
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - High (hours): 168
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - Low (hours): 24
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - High (hours): 672
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - Low (hours): 96
Aqueous biodegradation - Removal secondary treatment - High (hours): 96%
Aqueous biodegradation - Removal secondary treatment - Low (hours): 99.90%
Photooxidation half- life water - High (hours): 9.60E+05
Photooxidation half- life water - Low (hours): 24090
Photooxidation half- life air - High (hours): 353
Photooxidation half- life air - Low (hours): 35.3
First order hydrolysis half- life (hours): 1.77E+04
Acid rate constant [M(H+)- HR]- 1: 3.05E- 08
Base rate constant [MOH)- HR]- 1: 2.99E- 05

DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.
log Kow: 0.66-0.73
Half-life (hr) air: 200
Half-life (hr) H2O surface water: 10
Henry's atm m?/mol: 1.20E-04
BOD 5 if unstated: 0.1-1.24,16-36%
COD: 1.54,83%
ThOD: 1.82

ETHANOL:
Fish LC50 (96hr.) (mg/l): 13480
Algae IC50 (72hr.) (mg/l): 1450
log Kow (Sangster 1997): - 0.3
BOD5: 63%
ThOD: 2.1
Half- life Soil - High (hours): 24
Half- life Soil - Low (hours): 2.6
Half- life Air - High (hours): 122
Half- life Air - Low (hours): 12.2
Half- life Surface water - High (hours): 26
Half- life Surface water - Low (hours): 6.5
Half- life Ground water - High (hours): 52
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Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Half- life Ground water - Low (hours): 13
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - High (hours): 26
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - Low (hours): 6.5
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - High (hours): 104
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - Low (hours): 26
Aqueous biodegradation - Removal secondary treatment - High (hours): 67%
Photooxidation half- life water - High (hours): 3.20E+05
Photooxidation half- life water - Low (hours): 8020
Photooxidation half- life air - High (hours): 122
Photooxidation half- life air - Low (hours): 12.2

DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.
log Kow: -0.31- -0.32
Half-life (hr) air: 144
Half-life (hr) H2O surface water: 144
Henry's atm m?/mol: 6.29E-06
BOD 5 if unstated: 0.93-1.67,63%
COD: 1.99-2.11,97%
ThOD: 2.1
When ethanol is released into the soil it readily and quickly biodegrades
but may leach into ground water; most is lost by evaporation. When
released into water the material readily evaporates and is biodegradable.
Ethanol does not bioaccumulate to an appreciable extent.
The material is readily degraded by reaction with photochemically produced
hydroxy radicals; release into air will result in photodegradation and wet
deposition.

ACETONE:
Fish LC50 (96hr.) (mg/l): 8300- 40000
Daphnia magna EC50 (48hr.) (mg/l): 10
log Kow (Prager 1995): - 0.24
log Kow (Sangster 1997): - 0.24
log Pow (Verschueren 1983): - 0.24
BOD5: 122%
ThOD: 72
Half- life Soil - High (hours): 168
Half- life Soil - Low (hours): 24
Half- life Air - High (hours): 2790
Half- life Air - Low (hours): 279
Half- life Surface water - High (hours): 168
Half- life Surface water - Low (hours): 24
Half- life Ground water - High (hours): 336
Half- life Ground water - Low (hours): 48
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - High (hours): 168
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - Low (hours): 24
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - High (hours): 672
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - Low (hours): 96
Aqueous biodegradation - Removal secondary treatment - High (hours): 75%
Aqueous biodegradation - Removal secondary treatment - Low (hours): 54%
Aqueous photolysis half- life - High (hours): 270
Photooxidation half- life water - High (hours): 3.97E+06
Photooxidation half- life water - Low (hours): 9.92E+04
Photooxidation half- life air - High (hours): 2790
Photooxidation half- life air - Low (hours): 279

DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.
log Kow: -0.24
Half-life (hr) air: 312-1896
Half-life (hr) H2O surface water: 20
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Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Henry's atm m?/mol: 3.67E-05
BOD 5 if unstated: 0.31-1.76,46-55%
COD: 1.12-2.07
ThOD: 2.2
BCF: 0.69
Toxicity Fish: LC50(96) 5540-13000mg/L
Toxicity invertebrate: cell mult. inhib. 28-7500mg/L
Bioaccumulation: not sig
Nitrif. inhib.: 75% decr. at 840mg/L
Anaerobic effects: sig degrad
Degradation Biological: sig
processes Abiotic: Rxn OH*,photodissoc
In air, acetone is lost by photolysis and reaction with photochemically
produced hydroxyl radicals; the estimated half-life of these combined
processes is about 22 days. The relatively long half-life allows acetone
to be transported long distances from its emission source.
Acetone is highly soluble and slightly persistent in water, with a
half-life of about 20 hours; it is minimally toxic to aquatic life.
Acetone released to soil volatilises although some may leach into the
ground where it rapidly biodegrades.
Acetone does not concentrate in the food chain.
Drinking Water Standard: none available.
Soil Guidelines: none available.
Air Quality Standards: none available.

N-BUTYL ACETATE:
Fish LC50 (96hr.) (mg/l): 18
Daphnia magna EC50 (48hr.) (mg/l): 44
log Kow (Prager 1995): 1.82
Fish LC50 (96hr.) (mg/l): 100- 185
Daphnia magna EC50 (48hr.) (mg/l): 44
Algae IC50 (72hr.) (mg/l): 280
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 1.78
COD: 78%

DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.
Half-life (hr) air: 144
Half-life (hr) H2O surface water: 178-27156
Henry's atm m?/mol: 3.20E-04
BOD 5 if unstated: 0.15-1.02,7%
COD: 78%
ThOD: 2.207
BCF: 4-14
Toxicity Fish: LC50(96)100-185ppm
Toxicity invertebrate: cell mult. inhib.78-3700mg/L
Effects on algae and plankton: cell mult. inhib.21-280mg/L
Degradation Biological: sig
processes Abiotic: hydrol,RxnOH*

M-CRESOL:
Hazardous Air Pollutant: Yes
Fish LC50 (96hr.) (mg/l): 13.6- 25
Algae IC50 (72hr.) (mg/l): 13- 15
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 1.98
log Pow (Verschueren 1983): 1.96/2.01
Half- life Soil - High (hours): 696
Half- life Soil - Low (hours): 48
Half- life Air - High (hours): 11.3
Half- life Air - Low (hours): 1.1
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Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Half- life Surface water - High (hours): 696
Half- life Surface water - Low (hours): 48
Half- life Ground water - High (hours): 1176
Half- life Ground water - Low (hours): 96
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - High (hours): 696
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - Low (hours): 48
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - High (hours): 1176
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - Low (hours): 360
Photooxidation half- life water - High (hours): 3480
Photooxidation half- life water - Low (hours): 66
Photooxidation half- life air - High (hours): 11.3
Photooxidation half- life air - Low (hours): 1.1

Environmental toxicity is a function of the n-octanol/ water partition coefficient (log
Pow, log Kow). Phenols with log Pow >7.4 are expected to exhibit low toxicity to aquatic
organisms. However the toxicity of phenols with a lower log Pow is variable, ranging from
low toxicity (LC50 values >100 mg/l) to highly toxic (LC50 values <1 mg/l) dependent on
log Pow, molecular weight and substitutions on the aromatic ring. Dinitrophenols are more
toxic than predicted from QSAR estimates. Hazard information for these groups is not
generally available.
DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.
log Kow: 1.96
log Koc: 1.26-1.96
Half-life (hr) air: 0.1-8
Henry's atm m?/mol: 8.70E-07
BOD 5 if unstated: 1.7-1.88,68%
COD: 2.4,100%
ThOD: 2.52
BCF: 20-4900
Toxicity Fish: LC50(24)15-50mg/L
Toxicity invertebrate: cell mult. inhib.17-33mg/L
Bioacculmulation: not sig
Nitrif. inhib.: 75% inhib at 11-16mg/L
Effects on algae and plankton: inhib dgrd.gluc. 50-600mg/L, cell mult inhib 6.8-
Degradation Biological: soil microflora -1 day,sig
processes Abiotic: Rxn OH*,slow photol,oxid

O-CRESOL:
Hazardous Air Pollutant: Yes
Fish LC50 (96hr.) (mg/l): 18- 20.8
Algae IC50 (72hr.) (mg/l): 6.8- 33
BCF<100: 18
log Kow (Prager 1995): 1.95
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 1.98
Half- life Soil - High (hours): 168
Half- life Soil - Low (hours): 24
Half- life Air - High (hours): 16
Half- life Air - Low (hours): 1.6
Half- life Surface water - High (hours): 168
Half- life Surface water - Low (hours): 24
Half- life Ground water - High (hours): 336
Half- life Ground water - Low (hours): 48
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - High (hours): 168
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - Low (hours): 24
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - High (hours): 672
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - Low (hours): 96
Aqueous photolysis half- life - High (hours): 282
Aqueous photolysis half- life - Low (hours): 214
Photooxidation half- life water - High (hours): 3480
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Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Photooxidation half- life water - Low (hours): 66
Photooxidation half- life air - High (hours): 16
Photooxidation half- life air - Low (hours): 1.6

Environmental toxicity is a function of the n-octanol/ water partition coefficient (log
Pow, log Kow). Phenols with log Pow >7.4 are expected to exhibit low toxicity to aquatic
organisms. However the toxicity of phenols with a lower log Pow is variable, ranging from
low toxicity (LC50 values >100 mg/l) to highly toxic (LC50 values <1 mg/l) dependent on
log Pow, molecular weight and substitutions on the aromatic ring. Dinitrophenols are more
toxic than predicted from QSAR estimates. Hazard information for these groups is not
generally available.
DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.
log Kow: 1.95
Koc: 18-22
Half-life (hr) air: 9.6
Half-life (hr) H2O surface water: 48
Henry's atm m?/mol: 1.60E-06
BOD 5 if unstated: 1.6-1.74,65%
COD: 2.38-2.39,92%
ThOD: 2.52
BCF: 18
Toxicity Fish: non tox at 5mg/L

P-CRESOL:
Hazardous Air Pollutant: Yes
Fish LC50 (96hr.) (mg/l): 19
Daphnia magna EC50 (48hr.) (mg/l): 12
Algae IC50 (72hr.) (mg/l): 6
Water solubility (g/l): 18
log Kow (Prager 1995): 1.94
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 1.98
log Pow (Verschueren 1983): 1.92/1.94
Half- life Soil - High (hours): 16
Half- life Soil - Low (hours): 1
Half- life Air - High (hours): 15
Half- life Air - Low (hours): 1.5
Half- life Surface water - High (hours): 16
Half- life Surface water - Low (hours): 1
Half- life Ground water - High (hours): 672
Half- life Ground water - Low (hours): 2
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - High (hours): 16
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - Low (hours): 1
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - High (hours): 672
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - Low (hours): 240
Aqueous biodegradation - Removal secondary treatment - High (hours): 99.40%
Photolysis maximum light absorption - High (nano- m): 279
Aqueous photolysis half- life - High (hours): 283
Photooxidation half- life water - High (hours): 11325
Photooxidation half- life water - Low (hours): 144
Photooxidation half- life air - High (hours): 15
Photooxidation half- life air - Low (hours): 1.5

Environmental toxicity is a function of the n-octanol/ water partition coefficient (log
Pow, log Kow). Phenols with log Pow >7.4 are expected to exhibit low toxicity to aquatic
organisms. However the toxicity of phenols with a lower log Pow is variable, ranging from
low toxicity (LC50 values >100 mg/l) to highly toxic (LC50 values <1 mg/l) dependent on
log Pow, molecular weight and substitutions on the aromatic ring. Dinitrophenols are more
toxic than predicted from QSAR estimates. Hazard information for these groups is not
generally available.
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Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

DO NOT discharge into sewer or waterways.
log Kow: 1.92-1.94
Henry's atm m?/mol: 9.60E-07
BOD 5 if unstated: 1.4-1.76,81%
COD: 2.4
ThOD: 2.52
BCF: 18
Toxicity Fish: LC50(96)8.9-55.9mg/L
Toxicity invertebrate: cell mult. inhib.31-62mg/L
Bioacculmulation: not sig
Nitrif. inhib.: 75% inhib at 11.4mg/L
Anaerobic effects: no degrad
Effects on algae and plankton: cell mult. inhib. algae 13-15mg/L
Degradation Biological: sig
processes Abiotic: Rxn OH*,slow photol,oxid

PHENOL:
Hazardous Air Pollutant: Yes
Fish LC50 (96hr.) (mg/l): 0.001- 56
Daphnia magna EC50 (48hr.) (mg/l): 56
Algae IC50 (72hr.) (mg/l): 4.6- 7.5
BCF<100: 7.6
log Kow (Prager 1995): 1.46
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 1.5
log Pow (Verschueren 1983): 1.46
BOD5: 1.68
COD: 2.33
ThOD: 2.26
Half- life Soil - High (hours): 240
Half- life Soil - Low (hours): 24
Half- life Air - High (hours): 22.8
Half- life Air - Low (hours): 2.28
Half- life Surface water - High (hours): 56.5
Half- life Surface water - Low (hours): 5.3
Half- life Ground water - High (hours): 168
Half- life Ground water - Low (hours): 12
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - High (hours): 84
Aqueous biodegradation - Aerobic - Low (hours): 6
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - High (hours): 672
Aqueous biodegradation - Anaerobic - Low (hours): 192
Aqueous biodegradation - Removal secondary treatment - High (hours): 99.90%
Aqueous biodegradation - Removal secondary treatment - Low (hours): 90%
Aqueous photolysis half- life - High (hours): 173
Aqueous photolysis half- life - Low (hours): 46
Photolysis maximum light absorption - High (nano- m): 269
Aqueous photolysis half- life - High (hours): 173
Aqueous photolysis half- life - Low (hours): 46
Photooxidation half- life water - High (hours): 3840
Photooxidation half- life water - Low (hours): 77
Photooxidation half- life air - High (hours): 22.8
Photooxidation half- life air - Low (hours): 2.28

The material is classified as an ecotoxin* because the Fish LC50 (96 hours) is less than
or equal to 0.1 mg/l

* Classification of Substances as Ecotoxic (Dangerous to the Environment)
Appendix 8, Table 1
Compiler's Guide for the Preparation of International Chemical Safety Cards: 1993
Commission of the European Communities.
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Section 12 - ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION

Koc: 39-148
Half-life (hr) air: 0.25-16
Half-life (hr) H2O surface water: 19-100
Henry's atm m?/mol: 3.97E-07
BOD 5 if unstated: 1.68
COD: 2.28-2.37
ThOD: 2.26-2.40
BCF: 1.9-277
Nitrif. inhib.: 50% inhib at 9mg/L

XYLENOLS:
log Kow (Prager 1995): 2.23- 2.77
log Kow (Sangster 1997): 31%


Section 13 - DISPOSAL CONSIDERATIONS

?Containers may still present a chemical hazard/ danger when empty.
?Return to supplier for reuse/ recycling if possible.
Otherwise:
?If container can not be cleaned sufficiently well to ensure that residuals do
not remain or if the container cannot be used to store the same product, then
puncture containers, to prevent re-use, and bury at an authorised landfill.
?Where possible retain label warnings and MSDS and observe all notices
pertaining to the product.
?Recycle wherever possible or consult manufacturer for recycling options.
?Consult State Land Waste Authority for disposal.
?Bury or incinerate residue at an approved site.
?Recycle containers if possible, or dispose of in an authorised landfill.


Section 14 - TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION




Labels Required: FLAMMABLE LIQUID,TOXIC
HAZCHEM: 3WE

UNDG:
Dangerous Goods Class: 3 Subrisk: 6.1
UN Number: 1992 Packing Group: II
Shipping Name:FLAMMABLE LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S.
(contains ethyl acetate and cresols)

Air Transport IATA:
ICAO/IATA Class: 3 ICAO/IATA Subrisk: 6.1
UN/ID Number: 1992 Packing Group: II
ERG Code: 3HP
Shipping name:FLAMMABLE LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S.
(contains ethyl acetate and cresols)



continued...
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Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003 CHEMWATCH 7504-18
NA477ECP Version No:3
CD 2007/2 Page 24 of 26
Section 14 - TRANSPORTATION INFORMATION

Maritime Transport IMDG:
IMDG Class: 3 IMDG Subrisk: 6.1
UN Number: 1992 Packing Group: II
EMS Number: F- E, S- D Marine Pollutant: Not Determined
Shipping name:FLAMMABLE LIQUID, TOXIC, N.O.S.
(contains ethyl acetate and cresols)



Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION


REGULATIONS
ethyl acetate (CAS: 141-78-6) is found on the following regulatory lists;
IMO MARPOL 73/78 (Annex II) - List of Noxious Liquid Substances Carried in Bulk
International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) - High Production Volume List
New Zealand Hazardous Substances Transfer Notice 2004 - Schedule I, List of Substances
(Dangerous Goods) to be transferred
New Zealand Transferred List of Single Component Substances
New Zealand Workplace Exposure Standards (WES)
OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals

ethanol (CAS: 64-17-5) is found on the following regulatory lists;
IMO MARPOL 73/78 (Annex II) - List of Other Liquid Substances
International Air Transport Association (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations
International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) - High Production Volume List
New Zealand Hazardous Substances Transfer Notice 2004 - Schedule I, List of Substances
(Dangerous Goods) to be transferred
New Zealand Transferred List of Single Component Substances
New Zealand Workplace Exposure Standards (WES)
OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals

acetone (CAS: 67-64-1) is found on the following regulatory lists;
IMO MARPOL 73/78 (Annex II) - List of Other Liquid Substances
New Zealand Hazardous Substances Transfer Notice 2004 - Schedule I, List of Substances
(Dangerous Goods) to be transferred
New Zealand Poisons Schedule
New Zealand Transferred List of Single Component Substances
New Zealand Workplace Exposure Standards (WES)
OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals
United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances - Table II
United Nations List of Precursors and Chemicals Frequently used in the Illicit
Manufacture of Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Under International Control -
Table II

n-butyl acetate (CAS: 123-86-4) is found on the following regulatory lists;
IMO MARPOL 73/78 (Annex II) - List of Noxious Liquid Substances Carried in Bulk
International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) - High Production Volume List
New Zealand Hazardous Substances Transfer Notice 2004 - Schedule I, List of Substances
(Dangerous Goods) to be transferred
New Zealand Transferred List of Single Component Substances
New Zealand Workplace Exposure Standards (WES)
OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals
United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic
Substances - Table II

m-cresol (CAS: 108-39-4) is found on the following regulatory lists;

continued...
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Section 15 - REGULATORY INFORMATION

International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) - High Production Volume List
New Zealand Transferred List of Single Component Substances
New Zealand Workplace Exposure Standards (WES)
OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals

o-cresol (CAS: 95-48-7) is found on the following regulatory lists;
International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) - High Production Volume List
New Zealand Workplace Exposure Standards (WES)
OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals

p-cresol (CAS: 106-44-5) is found on the following regulatory lists;
International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) - High Production Volume List
New Zealand Workplace Exposure Standards (WES)
OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals

phenol (CAS: 108-95-2) is found on the following regulatory lists;
IMO MARPOL 73/78 (Annex II) - List of Noxious Liquid Substances Carried in Bulk
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) Carcinogens
New Zealand Biological Exposure Indices
New Zealand Hazardous Substances Transfer Notice 2004 - Schedule 2, List of substances
(scheduled toxic substances) to be transferred
New Zealand Transferred List of Single Component Substances
New Zealand Workplace Exposure Standards (WES)
OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals

xylenols (CAS: 1300-71-6) is found on the following regulatory lists;
International Council of Chemical Associations (ICCA) - High Production Volume List
OECD Representative List of High Production Volume (HPV) Chemicals

Specific advice on controls required for materials used in
New Zealand can be found at
http://www.ermanz.govt.nz/search/registers.html


Section 16 - OTHER INFORMATION

NEW ZEALAND POISONS INFORMATION CENTRE
0800 POISON (0800 764 766)
NZ EMERGENCY SERVICES: 111


REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH GUIDELINES
Established occupational exposure limits frequently do not take into consideration
reproductive end points that are clearly below the thresholds for other toxic effects.
Occupational reproductive guidelines (ORGs) have been suggested as an additional
standard. These have been established after a literature search for reproductive no
-observed-adverse effect-level (NOAEL) and the lowest-observed-adverse-effect-level
(LOAEL). In addition the US EPA's procedures for risk assessment for hazard
identification and dose-response assessment as applied by NIOSH were used in the creation
of such limits. Uncertainty factors (UFs) have also been incorporated.
Ingredient ORG UF Endpoi CR Adeq
nt TLV
ethanol 1880 mg/m3 NA NA NA Yes
phenol 3.6 mg/m3 100 D NA -
These exposure guidelines have been derived from a screening level of risk assessment and
should not be construed as unequivocally safe limits. ORGS represent an 8-hour time
-weighted average unless specified otherwise.
CR = Cancer Risk/10000; UF = Uncertainty factor:

continued...
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Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003 CHEMWATCH 7504-18
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Section 16 - OTHER INFORMATION

TLV believed to be adequate to protect reproductive health:
LOD: Limit of detection
Toxic endpoints have also been identified as:
D = Developmental; R = Reproductive; TC = Transplacental carcinogen
Jankovic J., Drake F.: A Screening Method for Occupational Reproductive
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal 57: 641-649 (1996).

Classification of the preparation and its individual components has drawn on official and
authoritative sources as well as independent review by the Chemwatch Classification
committee using available literature references.

This document is copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of
private study, research, review or criticism, as permitted under the Copyright
Act, no part may be reproduced by any process without written permission from
CHEMWATCH. TEL (+61 3) 9572 4700.

Issue Date: 18-Sep-2003
Print Date: 17-Jul-2007

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